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History of the United States
Politics and Government
US in WW2

What is Second party system?


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July 04, 2012 2:32AM

the vigorous competition between Whigs and Democrats.


The Second Party System is the term that historians and political scientists give to the political system existing in the United States from about 1837 to 1852. It replaced the First Party System, and was followed by the Third Party System. The system was characterized by rapidly rising levels of voter interest starting in 1828, as shown in election day turnout, rallies, partisan newspapers, and a high degree of personal loyalty to party. The major parties were the Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson, and the Whig Party, a coalition of National Republicans, Anti-Masons, and other opponents of Jackson, led by Henry Clay. Minor parties included the Anti-Masonic Party, which was an important innovator from 1827-34, the Liberty Party in 1840, the Free Soil Party in 1848 and 1852, and the Know-Nothing Party in the 1850s. The Second Party System reflected and shaped the political, social, economic and cultural currents of the Jacksonian Era.