What is a short summary of the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a protest by the African-Americans about the buses in the Montgomery area.
The buses had a policy that white people sat at the front and African-Americans sat at the back. The African-Americans were angry because they couldn't walk through the White's 'zone' and that they had to pay at the front of the bus, get out of the bus and then get back in through a rear door. Sometimes the bus driver would drive away before they could get back in.
The start of it began when outrage occurred when Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, was arrested for not giving up her seat for a white man. (She was next to the window, so there was space).
African-American Leaders got together and said to the African-American population to boycott (not use) the buses for a day, but it was more of a success than they thought it would be. The boycott lasted for 381 days (a bit more than a year), until the US Supreme Court said segregation on buses is unconstitutional and ordered a change.
Which boycott? The most famous civil rights boycott was the Montgomery Bus Boycott, in Montgomery, Alabama, but African-Americans in Atlanta and a number of other cities also held boycotts of public transportation after the US Supreme Court overturned Montgomery bus segregation statutes as unconstitutional in 1956.
Short term: The success of the Montgomery Bus Boycott included raising the spotlight on Martin Luther King Jr., who had been a big help in organizing the boycott. Additionally, when the African-American population in Tallahassee, Florida saw how monumental the Montgomery Bus Boycott turned out to be, they decided to give it a try. They're boycott lasted from May 27, 1956 to March of 1958. Long term: This one is a little more obvious. African-Americans…
The Montgomery Bus Boycott and Freedom Rides were both in related because both events were used as protest against the racial segregation on public buses. Those in the Montgomery Bus Boycott protested by refusing to ride the buses, while the Freedom Rides were people who rode interstate buses into the segregated south.