What is competence and performance in linguistics?
Linguistic competence potential ability of a speaker based on their knowledge of their language. Saussure refers to this as langue.
Linguistic performance is the actual spoken ability of a speaker. This includes phonetic, syntactic and other speech errors. Saussure refers to this as parole.
P. H. Matthews has written: 'The concise Oxford dictionary of linguistics' -- subject(s): Linguistics, Dictionaries 'Do Languages Obey General Laws?' 'Linguistics' -- subject(s): Linguistics 'Oxford concise dictionary of linguistics =' -- subject(s): Linguistics, Dictionaries 'Generative grammar and linguistic competence' -- subject(s): Generative grammar, Competence and performance (Linguistics) 'Syntactic Relations'
Chomsky separates competence and performance; he describes 'competence' as an idealized capacity that is located as a psychological or mental property or function and 'performance' as the production of actual utterances. In short, competence involves "knowing" the language and performance involves "doing" something with the language. The difficulty with this construct is that it is very difficult to assess competence without assessing performance. Inforfation Accessed from: http://www2.education.ualberta.ca/staff/olenka.Bilash/best%20of%20bilash/competencyperformance.html
John Munby has written: 'Communicative syllabus design' -- subject(s): Communicative competence, Competence and performance (Linguistics), Curriculum planning, Modern Language, Modern Languages, Outlines, Planning, Sociolinguistics, Study and teaching 'Read and think' -- subject(s): African, English language, Textbooks for foreign speakers
The concept is very simple really. Linguistic competence is what you actually know about a language, and linguistic performance is how you actually use it. So if you make grammatical mistakes, but you know they are mistakes, then your performance does not match your competence. But if you don't know they are mistakes, then your competence matches your performance, and you are probably not native. For example, in looking at the unanswered wiki questions close…
Chomsky (1965) redefined the nature of its object. He recognized 'competence' in language as the fluent native speaker's knowledge of grammar and as a subject of human capacity. The term 'competence' is largely unexamined; a different set of competences comprising of distinctive abilities other than grammar. Also, Chomsky assumes that competence is something underlying behavior. Linguistic theory has to extend the definition of competence. Competence has to be extended to systemic potential, appropriateness, occurence, feasibility.The…