What is the correct name for the glass with the wire through?
Georgian wired glass
If you were to put a bare wire belonging to anything in a glass of water, the electricity flowing through the wire would have no reason to continue to travel through the wire instead of dispersing in the water. The water offers less resistance, so the electricity flows through that instead of the wire. This is known as creating a short circuit, or a short, for short! With no electricity flowing through the bulb, it…
To answer the first part of your question the bulb looks sort of like an egg but has a more rounded top made of either clear or colored glass and the bottom consists of a metal piece that has the wire inside it. The wire is a thin piece of metal made of copper and an electric current runs through this wire creating light.