Capitalists believe in a free market economy, while Communists believe in a command (government controlled) economy.
This type of question will have as many answers as there are people to give them because it deals with hard to understand political ideologies. To make this more complex is the fact that the definitions for these things have changed over the years (from their original introductions c.1900) and they mix certain forms of governmental structures, which can be mixed but cannot be compared as explained below.
With this in mind the answer given here is done with the intent of clarifying the question first, and then in giving answer to the question (Noting other political forms that are not suitable for this question, IE: Dictatorships, Oligarchies, etc. in the discussion page).
Form of Government:
The first issue to be addressed is that there are two forms of government in all political bodies, as a general explanation there is a "Form" and then a "Regime" of the government. Form of government would explain the basis of the government, and Regime would explain the Administration, or how the government is ran or a higher form of the base. These higher forms can be mixed where the lower form cannot.
Communism is a Base form of Government, meaning it can exist with or without any other form of government. Capitalism is a higher form of government that cannot exist on its own, meaning it must have a base form of government. If "Capitalism" was converted into a base form of government you would have an "Aristocracy" (an elite political body that is the government). Attempting to compare these two forms is therefore not really possible unless you compare Aristocracy to Communism.
Historical VS Modern definitions:
When Karl Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto he referred to a [quote] "Democracy being the perfect form of Communism." The US Government produced a manual at this same time giving this same definition (Manual on Citizenship Training c.1927-1932). Modern translations however tell that there is a difference between the two, but fail to illustrate a definitive difference. Because of this the answer, as much as it can, will be given with the original definitions of these forms of government when they were made, circa 1920's. Note: Plato spoke of these same things, but with less detail.
Communism is a democratically elected body politic selected from multiple participating parties into a representative body that upholds the will of the people without respect to rights, or any law guarding those rights. Best described as "Mobocracy" where 51% of the people decide the course of the other 49%. [loosely quoted from: The Communist Manifesto, US Manual on Citizenship Training, Thomas Jefferson, Plato]
Capitalism is a higher form of government where the base form of government cannot be ruled by law (Republic), it survives best in a Democracy or if made a base form of government it becomes an
Aristocracy (Rule by the Elite). The Corporation, or businessman, can through wealth and power control the direction of government by support of politicians favorable to the corporate goals or by media assassination of those who oppose its goals.
Direct conflicts in forms. There are a few issues between these two concepts that fall under direct conflict and were addressed by Marx, as:
After having a revolution, a communist country doesn't change from a capitalist country. You have the leaders in wealth and the majority in poverty (well at least they have a job, unlike the scientists in capitalist Russia!)
It is hard to compare since Communism is a government political system and Capitalism is an economic system.
Capitalism is a free market economy and is found in forms of government that range from a Republic (The United States) to Communism (China - though it is not true capitalism).
Socialism like Capitalism is a type of economy (to a certain extent). Socialism most commonly occurs in a Democracy (many European countries) that is on the road to Communism. In Socialism, the markets are controlled by the government in an attempt to 'balance' wealth. An economy can not remain in Socialism or it will fail (as it has in Europe). In order to regain stability it must either return to a Republic with a Capitalist system, or evolve into Communism.
Communism is the Government system needed to control a Socialist economy. However, as stated above, a Communist government is not required to use a Socialist economy. Communist governments that have adopted Capitalism (China) have seen great economic benefits for its country.
Communism benefits the working class, capitalism benefits the rich and wealthy.
Communism, capitalism, and socialism.capitalism
It was Lenin, not Marx, who talked about useful idiots. Marxism is the main theoretical foundation of Communism, a movement aimed at abolishing the wages system and establishing a classless society.
End capitalism and give social equality. And communism still exists so the question should be "What are the two main goals of communism?
Marx wanted true communism as he defined it. He did not want the type of communism that exists today. Marx would never accept today's perverted form of communism, because the exploitation of the proletariat continues as under capitalism. The main difference is that the state, through dictators and despots, rather than the Bourgeoisie do the oppressing.
A military race between USA and USSR to decide who is more powerful also a race to influence other countries by what they believe in like communism and capitalism.
The main difference between Capitalism and Command economy is that capitalism involved private enterprises where businesses are owned by private individuals while comman economies have public enterprises where the governemnt controls things including businesses and production. A command economy is much more government controlled while a capitalism (or market economy) has much less government intervention. -dylan-
The main "isms" of the Cold War were Socialism and Communism, both of which came up against Capitalism.
The main difference is that under communism, most property and economic resources are owned and controlled by the state (rather than individual citizens); by contrast, under socialism, all citizens share equally in all economic resources as allocated by a democratically-elected government.
what is the main difference between polyethylene and polyesters what is the main difference between polyethylene and polyesters
Well it depends if the people rules over the government or not. If the government owns everything without having democracy, then it's state capitalism. If the government owns everything, but the people rule over the government, then it's communism. But unlimited government is not even necessary in communism, infact communists main goal is to slowly remove the government through different steps. Communism doesn't really have anything to do with the size of the government. Communism wants everyone to have equal wealth and power. Everyone should own everything and everything should be public. Capitalism wants private ownership. A small minority of private people should own the capital. State capitalism is when the capital is owned by a small group of people in the government. Communism wants public ownership, Capitalism wants private ownership and State capitalism wants government ownership. So no, communism is not really about unlimited government.
The main difference between egalitarian and ranked societies is that in the latter
There is no difference.
difference between campaction and consolition
Size and performance are the main difference between the diffirent generations of the computer
What? Speak proper english, please. The main difference between amino acids and what?
2 difference between main memory and other memory locations
the main difference between a hot and cold desert is the animals
Vertebrates have a backbone and invertebrates do not. This is the main difference between the two.
The main difference between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks is the fact that the Mensheviks were more "Orthodox" Marxists, meaning that they believed in a slow, gradual transition from Capitalism into Communism. The Mensheviks believed that before there should be a Proletariat revolution, there must be a Bourgeois revolution, where Capitalism is the main socioeconomic system. Later, there would be a workers' revolution, which would usher in Socialism, and slowly the Socialist government would loosen its control over the means of production and the state would wither away into a Communist system. The Bolsheviks believed basically the same thing, but wanted to move through the Capitalist phase as quickly as possible, arriving at a Socialist state as soon as they could.
the main difference is C comes before S.... the main and important difference...
In part this was because of one of the main themes within the basis of communism: that communism must spread to the rest of the world. This would leave the Americans with no-one to trade with and their economy would collapse! Also (maybe more importantly?) communism opposes/condemns capitalism and America is a capitalist nation. You see the issue.
The Romanian revolution was violent, and the Czech revolution was not.
what the difference between ss316 and ss316l
there is one hour difference