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What made Herod the Tetrarch so angry with John?


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Answered 2015-09-28 04:58:55

After the death of King Herod the Great, his kingdom was divided amongst his sons. Herod Antipas became the tetrarch of Galilee. Antipas imprisoned John the Baptist because he disapproved of Antipas' marriage to his own brother's wife, who divorced her husband in order to marry Herod Antipas. According to the Gospels, Antipas reluctantly had John the Baptist beheaded at the capricious request of his daughter, during the time of Jesus in Galilee.

However, we have one other source of information on John the Baptist. The Jewish historian Josephus said that Herod Antipas had the Baptist killed in quite different circumstances, because he feared a rebellion. The relevant text from Book 18 of Antiquities of the Jews:

"Now many people came in crowds to him, for they were greatly moved by his words. Herod, who feared that the great influence John had over the masses might put them into his power and enable him to raise a rebellion (for they seemed ready to do anything he should advise), thought it best to put him to death. In this way, he might prevent any mischief John might cause, and not bring himself into difficulties by sparing a man who might make him repent of it when it would be too late. Accordingly John was sent as a prisoner, out of Herod's suspicious temper, to Macherus, the castle I already mentioned, and was put to death."

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What were the days of Herod the Great?

Herod became tetrarch in 41 BCE, but lost Palestine to the Parthians in 40 BCE. In 38 BCE, the Romans made him king of Idumea and Samaria, which were back under Roman control. In 37 BCE, Herod conquered Jerusalem and became king of Judea. He died in 4 BCE.


When did Herod become King?

AnswerHerod the Great became tetrarch in 41 BCE, but lost Palestine to the Parthians in 40 BCE. In 38 BCE, the Romans made him king of Idumea and Samaria, which were back under Roman control. In 37 BCE, at the head of a Roman army, Herod conquered Jerusalem and became king of Judea.Herod had many sons and descendants, some of whom became kings of various small territories. Some were called by the family name, Herod, in the New Testament.


Why was King Herod afraid of John the Baptist?

A:There is no suggestion anywhere in the Bible that King Herod ever knew of John the Baptist. King Herod died in 4 BCE, when John would probably have been just a baby. However, King Herod is often confused with his son, Herod Antipas, who never became king but was made tetrarch of Galilee. Herod Antipas was afraid that the Jews would rise up in insurrection because of John the Baptist's public criticism of his marriage to Herodias. Herodias was the former wife of Antipas' own brother, and John the Baptist began to criticise this as immoral. The wedding took place in 34 CE. John was executed in 35 or 36 CE on the orders of Herod Antipas, out of fear that he was stirring the Jews up for rebellion. The relevant text from Book 18 of Antiquities of the Jews:"Now many people came in crowds to him, for they were greatly moved by his words. Herod, who feared that the great influence John had over the masses might put them into his power and enable him to raise a rebellion (for they seemed ready to do anything he should advise), thought it best to put him to death. In this way, he might prevent any mischief John might cause, and not bring himself into difficulties by sparing a man who might make him repent of it when it would be too late. Accordingly John was sent as a prisoner, out of Herod's suspicious temper, to Macherus, the castle I already mentioned, and was put to death."


Did Herod order the beheading of John the Baptist?

Yes. Because of an oath he made to the daughter of Herodius after dancing for him and the dignitaries that were with him for Herod's birthday. Herod promised her anything of whatever she asked. She asked for John the Baptist's head. Matthew 14:6-10


To whom did Roman authorities give Palestine after the death of Herod the Great?

The Romans made Herod's son Herod Archelaus ethnarch of Judea, Samaria, and Idumea (biblical Edom) from 4 BCE to 6 CE, referred to as the tetrarchy of Judea. Archelaus was judged incompetent by the Roman emperor Augustus who then combined Samaria, Judea proper and Idumea into Iudaea province under rule of a prefect until 41 CE. Herod's other son Herod Antipas was tetrarch of Galilee from 4 BCE - 39 CE.


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Why was Jesus brought to Herod Antipas the tetrarch of Galilee when he has no Jurisdiction in the province of Judaea where Jesus' trial was held?

This can have no definitive answer, although it is a good and intriguing question. What is indicated in the Biblical record of events is that Herod had for long time wanted to see Jesus so that Herod might see a miracle performed. Also, when Jesus first came into prominence Herod remarked that it was John the Baptist returned from the dead - possibly he felt some kind of guilt for what he had done, and so wanted to see Jesus for himself and so satisfy himself it was not John. In any case, it was certainly a concession Pilate made in letting Jesus go to Herod, since he certainly had no power or authority over the matter. Perhaps Pilate hoped Herod could settle the matter - although even this would be unlikely. It seems likely Pilate knew of Herod's strong desire to see Jesus, since it is recorded that they became friends from this day, when they had been enemies before. So it seems this was a favor that Herod appreciated, even if he was able to offer no substantial help. Archaeology has also confirmed the practice of transferring a prisoner to the 'relevant jurisdiction', although, as Jesus traveled around He would have done 'crimes' according to the Jews, in a number of jurisdictions.


What did Herod do as a king?

he is known for the additions he made to the Jewish Temple


When did King Herod rule Israel?

Strictly speaking, Herod never ruled Israel, as that kingdom ceased to exist in 722 BCE, centuries before his time. Rome made Herod tetrarch of Palestine in 41 BCE, but he lost his teritory to the Parthians in 40 BCE. In 38 BCE, he became king of Idumea and Samaria, but not Judea or Galilee. In 37 BCE, he recaptured Jerusalem, thereby including Judea in his kingdom. The Romans transferred some territories out of his control, then back again, until by 30 BCE his territorial boundaries were stabilised. King Herod died in April 4 BCE. He had been a king since 38 BCE, a reign of about 34 years. He had ruled Jerusalem and Judea since 37 BCE.


Who was the king of the Jews under the Romans?

In 41 BCE, Herod was made tetrarch over the Roman territories in Palestine, but he lost Palestine to the Parthians about a year later. In 38 BCE Rome made Herod king of the Idumaeans and Samaritans. He recaptured Jerusalem in 37 BCE, thus becoming king of the Jews. In 30 BCE, he was also given control of Samaria, Jericho and the coast. So Herod the Great had become king of a huge territory that included both Jews and Gentiles, with a range of ethnic groups.After Herod's death in 4 BCE, Rome split the kingdom among his three sons, with Archelaus getting Judea, Samaria and Idumaea. King Archelaus was a particularly unpopular king and, in 6 BCE, Rome deposed him and made Judea a province under a Roman governor.


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Who were King Herod's three sons?

King Herod had many sons but when he died in 4 BCE, his kingdom was made into a Tetrarchy. He was succeeded by Herod Antipas, Philip and Archelaus.


Should Herod have kept the oath he made to his daughter?

According to the Gospels, Herod Antipas had John the Baptist beheaded at the capricious request of his daughter, during the time of Jesus in Galilee.However, the Jewish historian Josephus said that Herod Antipas had the Baptist killed in quite different circumstances, because he disapproved of Antipas' marriage to his own brother's wife, who divorced her husband in order to marry Herod Antipas. The relevant text from Book 18 of Antiquities of the Jews: "Now many people came in crowds to him, for they were greatly moved by his words. Herod, who feared that the great influence John had over the masses might put them into his power and enable him to raise a rebellion (for they seemed ready to do anything he should advise), thought it best to put him to death. In this way, he might prevent any mischief John might cause, and not bring himself into difficulties by sparing a man who might make him repent of it when it would be too late. Accordingly John was sent as a prisoner, out of Herod's suspicious temper, to Macherus, the castle I already mentioned, and was put to death."So, according to Josephus, Herod Antipas made no oath or promise to his daughter, who was not actually involved in the execution of John the Baptist.


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Why did king Herod want Jesus killed?

Because he was the promised messiah to the Jews and gentiles all alike...............AnswerKing Herod had been appointed King of Judah by the Romans: he was not a Jew- he was an "Idumean", (also known as Edomites, historical enemies of the Jews). ...Meanwhile, Octavian and Mark Antony had defeated Brutus and Cassius (at Philippi, in 42). Herod managed to convince Mark Antony, who made a tour through the eastern provinces that had supported Caesar's murderers, that his father had been forced to support their side. The Roman leader was convinced, and awarded Herod with the title of tetrarch of Galilee, a title that was commonly used for the leaders of parts of vassal kingdoms. (Herod's brother Phasael was to be tetrarch of Jerusalem; Hyrcanus remained the Jewish national leader in name only.)This appointment caused a lot of resentment among the Jews. After all, Herod was not a Jew. He was the son of a man from Idumea; and although Antipater had been a pious man who had worshipped the Jewish God sincerely, the Jews had always looked down upon the Idumeans as racially impure. Worse, Herod had an Arabian mother, and it was commonly held that one could only be a Jew when one was born from a Jewish mother. ...(From article "King Herod the Great" at http://www.livius.org/he-hg/herodians/herod_the_great01.HTML )Remembering that the "wise men from the East" had come all the way from Persia (which was at war with Rome at the time and by chance Herod just happened to have no Roman Legions in Jerusalem at the time to protect himself) , and Herod had been appointed king, just imagine how Herod would have felt when they told him they were looking for "the one who [WA]s born king of the Jews" :-Matthew 2:1 After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, in the time of King Herod, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem 2 saying, "Where is the one who is born king of the Jews? For we saw his star when it rose1 and have come to worship him." 3 When King Herod heard this he was alarmed,and all Jerusalem with him.King Herod being "alarmed" would have been an understatement: he was terrified of losing the throne he had gained through political machinations in favour of the rightful heir, and his answer to problems was to kill them. History agrees that Herod was paranoid at the best of times, and this would have sent him over the edge


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According to the record in Scriptures, Herod Antipas was unsure of what was happening when Jesus had begun His healing ministry and was sending forth His disciples to minister. At first He superstitiously thought it was John the Baptist, "risen from the dead," for he had murdered him.In Mark 6:17,18, we have the most complete record of the reason for the imprisonment: "For Herod himself had sent forth and laid hold upon John, and bound him in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife: for he had married her. For John had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife."One day Herodias' daughter (often named Salome), danced before Herod on his birthday in front of his entourage of leaders. Herod was so pleased, that he promised Salome "Whatsoever thou shalt ask of me, I will give it thee, unto the half of my kingdom." (v. 23). Because his illegal wife hated John, she conspired with her daughter to ask for his head. Therefore, although "the king was exceeding sorry; yet for his oath's sake, and for their sakes which sat with him, he would not reject her. And immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded his head to be brought: and he went and beheaded him in the prison," (vv. 26,27).When others were speculating who Jesus was to Herod, the Scripture says: " But when Herod heard thereof, he said, It is John, whom I beheaded: he is risen from the dead." (v. 16). This was after he had murdered John in prison. John had begun his ministry "in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar (27 A.D., as in Luke 3:1). According to Matthew 4:12, John had been imprisoned just before Jesus began His own public ministry, calling His disciples. Christ had trained His disciples, and sometime before He fed the five thousand, he began ministering around Galilee, when Herod Antipas noticed, thinking it was John, risen from the dead.Therefore, John had been dead for some short time, as recorded in: Matthew 14:1; Mark 6:14; Luke 9:7. All the early church Fathers agree to 2 B.C. as the birth of Christ, or the 41st year of Caesar Augustus reign. Jesus started His ministry in His 30th year, according to Luke 3:23. Therefore, His crucifixion was in 32 A.D. John the Baptist was imprisoned circa 29/30 A.D. He was undoubtedly beheaded within a year, about the time that Christ went up to Galilee.AnswerMatthew 14:3-5 (The Message)Herod had arrested John, put him in chains, and sent him to prison to placate Herodias, his brother Philip's wife. John had provoked Herod by naming his relationship with Herodias "adultery." Herod wanted to kill him, but he was afraid because so many people revered John as a prophet of God.John the Baptist told Herod he couldn't have a relationship with Herodias, because Herodias was Herod's brother's wife, and that would be adultery. That's why Herod put John in jail. He wanted to kill him, but he was afraid to, because people thought of him as a prophet of God. However, because of Herodias's trick, Herod ends up having to behead John later. (verses 6-12)Another Answer:John the Baptist was imprisoned as a result of his own actions. He was willing to sacrifice his freedom and then his life because of what he believed.John had publicly criticised Herod Antipas for his marriage to Herodias, the former wife of Antipas' own brother, which John said was immoral. The wedding took place in 34 CE and John was executed in 35 or early 36 CE on the orders of Herod Antipas, out of fear that he was stirring the Jews up for rebellion. The relevant text from Book 18 of Antiquities of the Jews by the first-century Jewish historian, Josephus: "Now many people came in crowds to him, for they were greatly moved by his words. Herod, who feared that the great influence John had over the masses might put them into his power and enable him to raise a rebellion (for they seemed ready to do anything he should advise), thought it best to put him to death. In this way, he might prevent any mischief John might cause, and not bring himself into difficulties by sparing a man who might make him repent of it when it would be too late. Accordingly John was sent as a prisoner, out of Herod's suspicious temper, to Macherus, the castle I already mentioned, and was put to death."


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