What region of the brain will affect your ability to process visual information if damaged?
Your occipital lobe will affect your ability to process visual information if damaged.
If someone had an injury that damaged the cerebellum how would that affect the persons ability to drive a car?
The structures, connections, and physiology of the brain affect how you process information, as well as does your experiences and the degree and quality of their storage in, access by, and associations within your brain. Any damages and malfunctions in parts of the brain or the connections between them or with the biochemical process that relate to sensory processing and associations can affect information processing.
In the short term it will affect your lung capacity and ability to get enough oxygen to support the physical exertion of sports. It will also affect your bodies ability to process the lactic acid in your muscles leading to lower performance. In the long term it will permanently damage and destroy lung tissue which will never recover.