A wide range of religions are practiced in Germany. A majority of Germans has, for over a millennium, practiced some form of Christianity. Currently, about 75% of Germany's population is Christian. Germany was the birthplace of the Protestant Reformation, and about 60% of German Christians are Protestant. The largest denomination of which is the Evangelical Church in Germany, with over 25 million adherents. There are also many German Catholics (about 30% of all Christians), especially in the southern states closer to Italy, as well as sizable Orthodox and Mormon minorities.
After Christianity, the most-practiced religion in Germany is Islam, whose following has grown rapidly in recent years due to immigration and a policy of multiculturalism. Just under 5% of Germany's total population is Muslim, a large majority of whom are Sunnis.
Germany has also had a historically significant Jewish population, which numbered about 500,000 in the years before World War II. Most German Jews emigrated due to discriminatory Nazi policies, however, and almost 200,000 died in the Holocaust. In the decades since, however, the German government has encouraged Eastern European Jews to migrate to Germany, and the country now has the world's fastest-growing Jewish population (though Jews are still a small minority at about 0.25% of the population).
In addition to these, Germany has smaller populations of Buddhists, Hindus, Bahá'ís, Sikhs and others, as well as one of the world's largest proportions of secular citizens.