What southwest European capital founded by the Phoenicians and later occupied by the Romans is located at the mouth of the Tagus river?
Lisbon, Portugal, fits the description in a "general" way, except that, though there was Phoenician influence, the Phoenicians may not have actually "founded" Lisbon.
Too many to list here. The Japanese only occupied the following Banaba Island (Occupied territory) Capital: Tabiang Boruneo Kita (Occupied territory) Capital: Elopura Chōsen (Dependency) Capital: Seoul Christmas Island (Occupied territory) Capital: Flying Fish Cove Hong Kong - Hong Kong Occupied Territory (Occupied territory) Capital: Kowloon Indochina (Federation of states, occupied by Japan after D-Day) Capital: Hanoi Indonesia (Occupied territory) Capital: Batavia Kwantung - Kwantung Leased Territory (Concession) Capital: Dalian Malaya (Occupied territory) Capital: Kuala…
Sanandaj is the capital of Eastern Kurdistan (occupied by Iran), Al-Qamishli is the capital of Western Kurdistan (occupied by Syria), Erbil (which the Kurds call "Hawler") is the Capital of Southern Kurdistan (occupied by Iraq) and Diyarbakir (which the Kurds call "Amed") is the capital of Northern Kurdistan (occupied by Turkey).