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The lytic cycle causes destruction of infected cells and their membrane. A virus that uses a lytic cycle reproduces itself or makes copies that are sent back into the environment and they are called virulent viruses.

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โˆ™ 2014-10-06 23:38:49
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Q: What type of viruses use the lytic cycle?
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Related questions

Does pox virus use the lytic or lysogenic cycle?

The pox virus is related to the herpes viruses and they are lytic but can become latent. Latency is not the same as lysogenic.


Does salmonella use the lytic or lysogenic cycle for reproduction?

Lytic.


What are colds and flu's?

They are upper respiratory infections caused by viruses. Viruses are non-living organisms that use the lytic and lysogenic cycles to reproduce. See the related question below for more information about the lytic cycle which is the process of viral replication.


What is the name given to the process that viruses use to reproduce?

Actually viruses don't reproduce, but "replicate". It's sort of a cloning process. They use either the process of the Lytic Cycle for replication or they use replication without lysis with a process known as "Budding".


How does Coronavirus reproduce?

it infects cells by injecting its dna into them. the cells then use their resources to make new viruses. the cell wall eventually lyses, exposing the viruses to new cells for infection. thats the lytic cycle. the lysogenic cycle is next. the lysogenic cycle has the same start. however, the cell reproduces on its own, replicating the dna of the virus. and the lytic cycle could go off at any time, causing mayhem. MAYHEM.


Does bacteria kill viruses?

No. It's the other way around. Certain types of viruses (bacteriophage) will target bacteria, and they use the bacteria to reproduce the virus, called the Lytic cycle: The virus DNA or RNA enters the bacteria, takes over and new viruses are produced and when they break out of the cell through the membrane they destroy the bacteria in the process.


What characteristics do scientists use to group viruses?

Viruses can be grouped by their shape, the type of disease they cause, their life cycle, or the kind of genetic material they contain. And, the four main shapes of viruses are: Crystals, Spheres, Cylinders, and Spacecraft.


How does the common cold spread in the human body?

The Lytic Cycle describes the process. This is the mechanism by which viruses infect a host, take over the function of the cells, and use them to replicate millions of new viruses in your body. The word lytic is used since the infected host cells are lysed (split open), and killed in the process, as the new virus particles mature and are ready for release in the body. Common cold viruses infect the cells of the mucous tissue in humans, mostly that of the respiratory system. However, cold viruses also infect the tissues in the eyes, mouth and the rest of the gastrointestinal system with mucous tissue.


How does common cold spreads in the human body?

The Lytic Cycle describes the process. This is the mechanism by which viruses infect a host, take over the function of the cells, and use them to replicate millions of new viruses in your body. The word lytic is used since the infected host cells are lysed (split open), and killed in the process, as the new virus particles mature and are ready for release in the body. Common cold viruses infect the cells of the mucous tissue in humans, mostly that of the respiratory system. However, cold viruses also infect the tissues in the eyes, mouth and the rest of the gastrointestinal system with mucous tissue.


What is the lytic cycle?

The lytic cycle is one of two methods of viral reproduction, the other being the lysogenic cycle. These cycles should not, however, be seen as separate, but rather as somewhat interchangeable. The lytic cycle is typically considered the main method of viral replication (reproduction), since it results in the destruction of the infected cell.The lytic cycle is often described in steps, sometimes three steps, sometimes five steps or six steps. But all describe the same process. See the related question below for more information about the steps of the lytic cycle.Penetration To infect a cell, a virus must first enter the cell through the plasma membrane and (if present) the cell wall. Viruses do so by either attaching to a receptor on the cell's surface or by simple mechanical force. The virus then releases its genetic material (either single- or double-stranded DNA or RNA) into the cell. In doing, the cell is infected and can also be targeted by the immune system.Biosynthesis The virus' nucleic acid uses the host cell's machinery to make large amounts of viral components. In the case of DNA viruses, the DNA transcribes itself into messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules that are then used to direct the cell's ribosomes. One of the first polypeptides to be translated is one that destroys the hosts' DNA. In retroviruses (which inject an RNA strand), a unique enzyme called reverse transcriptase transcribes the viral RNA into DNA, which is then transcribed again into mRNA.Maturation and lysis After many copies of viral components are made, they are assembled into complete viruses. The phage then directs production of an enzyme that breaks down the bacteria cell wall and allows fluid to enter. The cell eventually becomes filled with viruses (typically 100-200) and liquid, and bursts, or lyses; thus giving the lytic cycle its name. The new viruses are then free to infect other cells.Lytic cycle without lysis Some viruses escape the host cell without bursting the cell membrane, but rather bud off from it by taking a portion of the membrane with them. Because it otherwise is characteristic of the lytic cycle in other steps, it still belongs to this category. Hepatitis C viruses presumably use this method.


What method of entry does the virus use in step 2 of the lytic cycle?

Injection. After the virus has attached to the cell wall, it then injects its genetic material into the cell.


What type of reproduction do viruses use to multiply?

Since viruses are not actually living things (because they do not grow, do not have homeostasis, and do not metabolize) I don't think they produce like anything else (neither sexually nor asexually). They reproduce by first infecting a living cell. They rely on host cells to reproduce because they lack the enzymes necessary for metabolism and have no structures to make protein. Then, the bacterial virus (bacteriophage) punches a hole in the cell wall and injects its DNA into the cell. Or, a plant virus enters a plant cell through tiny rips in the cell wall at points of injury. Animal viruses enter host cells through endocytosis. Then, viruses either go through the lytic or lysogenic cycle. In the lytic cycle, the virus attaches to a cell and injects it own bacterial DNA. Then the viral genes control the host cell and force it to replicate viral genes and to make viral proteins, such as caspids. The proteins are then combined with new copies of DNA, to make new complete viruses. Then, the host cell breaks open and releases the new viruses. During the lysogenic cycle, the viral DNA is replicated and embedded into the bacterial DNA so it copies, but doesn't destroy the host cell. Symptoms may not appear for a long time. Then, something triggers the virus and it goes through the lytic cycle. Most of this information (some of it word for word) came from my biology textbook, "Biology: Principles and Explorations" by Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. Hope that was clear enough and that it helps!

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