What vitamins or minerals are essential to help people grow taller?

HGH is just about the only thing that will stimulate growth, but it will only work up to the point when the growth plate closes on the long bones. That is usually shortly after puberty. You will need to go to a doctor to get that kind of hormone therapy. There are many supplement manufacturers who are willing to claim that their preparation will help you grow taller. Those preparations are guaranteed to separate people from their money, but do nothing for growth. You need vitimins and minerals so you can live longer and they can help your bones.