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In Poland, Lithuania and some other areas they Jews were put into ghettos while the Nazis decided what to do with them.

The ghettos were walled or fenced-in districts where Jews were forced to live under Nazi rule. The Jews in the ghettos were completely dependent on the Nazis for food, water and medication. The living conditions were appalling, and many died of starvation and disease. These communities were hopelessly overcrowded, as the Nazis kept on sending more and more Jews from surrounding areas into the ghettos. From early December 1941 on the Nazis sent Jews from the ghettos to extermination camps.

There were over 500 ghettos scattered across Eastern Europe.


Ghetto is a very old word, going back to about 1600, for neighborhoods which were reserved for Jews. Depending on the time and place, and your point of view, you could say a ghetto was a place Jews were allowed to live or were forced to live. (In some parts of Europe, Jews were required by law to reside in a ghetto until about 1800, but they were opened by Napoleon).

In World War II the Nazi restrictions on Jews were very severe. Jews were forced into ghettos and not allowed to leave, at all, for any purpose, except to be taken out and killed.

Life in the ghettos was dehumanizing, to say the least. The living restrictions were arduous, people lived in overcrowded conditions, residents were forced to do hard labor, and many people were subjected to beatings and other cruel attrocities. In order to survive residents frequently engaged in so-called illegal activities, such as smuggling food, medicine, weapons and information across the ghetto walls.

From November 1939 on the Nazis established ghettos, mainly in Eastern Europe - especially in Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine and Belarus.

Nazi ghettos during the Holocaust were separated from surrounding areas by fences, walls and guards. Conditions within these ghettos were harsh from the outset and deteriorated further ...

Those who lived in these districts were forbidden to leave. The Jews in the Nazi ghettos were completely (or almost completely) dependent on the Germans for food, water, fuel and other essentials, and the amounts allowed in were grossly inadequate. In some ghettos, the inhabitants were able to establish small workshops. They had to smuggle in the raw materials and then smuggle out the finished products, which they bartered for food and further raw materials ...

Every ghetto had a Nazi-nominated 'Jewish Council' or Judenrat which had to police it and distribute food. The initial attraction of this arrangement to Jews was that it was better than having the SS police the ghettos. However, it usually turned the Jewish Council into unwilling collaborators. Ultimately, the SS ordered the Jewish Councils to name people for deportation to extermination camps.

Living conditions in the ghettos were atrocious. There was insufficient food and usually no medication. The ghettos were hopelessly overcrowded and fatal diseases were widespread. The dead were piled on the curbs and street corners to be buried in mass graves. Many went without proper clothing, food, or shelter. When the bodies were buried, the Nazis then dumped more Jews from other places in the ghettos.

These ghettos were another way for the Germans to control of Jews when they didn't have the space for them in camps or the means to transport them. The ghettos were basically 'holding areas' for the Jews. These ghettos were then 'liquidated', starting in late 1941: this meant that the remaining Jews were shipped off to camps for extermination.

In April 1943 some of the Jews still in the Warsaw Ghetto organized and armed themselves to fight the Germans and there was a uprising, which the Germans easily put down. There were also uprisings in the Vilnius and Bialystock ghettos.

Well known, major Nazi ghettos included those in:

  • Warsaw
  • Lodz
  • Bialystock
  • Krakow
  • Lemberg (Lvov, Lviv)
  • Vilnius

The ghetto in Sighet, Transylvania is well known because Elie Wiesel lived there.

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โˆ™ 2012-02-24 14:56:51
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Q: What were the Nazi ghettos?
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Related questions

What were the Nazi ghettos used for?

They are called 'Jewish ghettos', they were used to house Jews (and gypsies).

When were Nazi ghettos made?

presumable you mean the Jewish ghettos, they were made throughout the war.

Why were the nazi Germany ghettos used?

Ghettos were created to house the Jews. They were not in Germany though.

Who was sent to the ghettos?

The Nazi ghettos were for Jews. In the case of the Lodz ghetto, some 'gypsies' were also sent there.

How was the Nazi ghettos governed?

The Nazi ghettos were strongly governed by military forces and curfews were established to keep everyone in place. This was enforced by the generals for specific control reasons.

When did the Nazi ghettos start?

Ghettos started in Poland and moved forward to Germany because the Jews were forced to live there after being kicked out of Jerusalem and then the holocaust started... ___The Nazi ghettos for Jews started in occupied Poland in October 1939.

What was the fate of the Jews who went into the Nazi Ghettos?

In most cases the Nazi ghettos were a death trap. Very few Jews who went into ghettos survived. They either died of starvation or disease in the ghetto or were taken to extermination camps and killed.

How many nazi ghettos were there before1941?

About 300 before 1941.

What ghettos were like in 1933?

Nazi ghettoization began in 1939 ...

When did Jews get sent to ghettos by Germany?

The process of forcing Jews to live in ghettos began in October 1939 in Nazi-occupied Poland.

When did the Holocaust ghettos begin?

October 1939 in Nazi occupied Poland.

Where were the Nazi ghettos first established?

In occupied Poland in October 1939.

What is the diffrence between a jewish ghetto and a nazi ghetto?

The term "Nazi ghetto" is misleading. Nazis were not placed in a ghetto, but rather this is a term to refer to the "ghettos for Jews built by the Nazis" in comparison to the historic Jewish ghettos throughout Europe.One of the fundamental differences between Jewish ghettos prior to the 19th century and those instituted by the Nazis was the size. The Nazi ghettos were larger in physical area, but denser in terms of population (because Jews from the countryside were pushed into the city ghettos).A more noticeable difference was that the Nazi ghettos were completely sealed off from the rest of the city. While historic ghettos sometimes had curfews, during the day Jews could usually leave, do business, and generally interact with Non-Jews. Since the point of the Nazi ghettos was to quarantine the Jews from the rest of the population, they were unable to ever leave the ghetto. Concrete Walls and fences were erected in order to lock the Jews in and these were monitored by Nazi German soldiers.Another difference was the leadership structure of the ghetto. The historic ghettos were given license by the Christian Kings to self-organize as long as they paid taxes and punished crimes perpetrated against Christians. This meant that the Kahal (Board of Trustees of the Jewish Community) made laws and helped organize the area. In the Nazi ghettos, the Nazis created a mockery of the Kahal called the Judenrat which was a council of Jews responsible for implementing Nazi policy within the ghetto and submitting lists of names for deportation to the Death Camps. The lack of Jewish autonomy and set up for the Holocaust are also key differences.

Where were the Nazi ghettos located?

Mainly in: * Poland * Lithuania * Latvia * Belarus * Hungary

How many ghettos were there in Poland between 1939 and 1944?

The main ghettos in Poland were those in Warsaw and Lodz (which was renamed Litzmannstadt). Lublin and Krakow also had ghettos, as did many other towns in Nazi occupied Poland. In all, there were about 580 ghettos in Poland.

How did the Nazis keep the Jews in the ghettos?

The Nazi ghettos for the Jews were sealed off from the surrounding areas with high walls and barbed wire. There were also patrols ...

What were the names of some of the Jewish ghettos in Germany?

There were no ghettos in Germany in the Nazi period; they were further east, mainly in Poland. Please see the related question.

How can you become ghetto?

In terms of the Nazi Ghettos which were used in World War 2, the Nazi ghettos (which were nearly all in Poland) was to gather Jews together, make them work for the Germans, and ulimately to kill them. They were in effect 'holding points' pending the last stage of the 'Final Solution'. The Ghettos were formed when the nazis coquerd poland and converted areas into conditons which accepted the nazis and they were called Ghettos.

What is the difference between a Jewish ghetto and a Nazi ghetto?

In the context of the Holocaust there is no difference. Both refer to Jewish districts set up by the Nazis and sealed off from the surrounding area. Jews from other places were moved to these ghettos. (The term Nazi ghettos is sometimes used in order to avoid confusion with earlier ghettos in Europe).

Where were Jews forced to live in ghettos?

The ghettos for Jews were in occupied Europe from 1939 to 1944. The Jews were required to live prior to their transportation to extermination camps. ____ The Nazi ghettos were mainly in Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Hungary.

How many ghettos were established in 1944?

one would imagine that none were, as the Nazis were in retreat, anywhere where they were needed, ghettos had already been established. ___________ In 1944 a few ghettos were established in Hungary, after the local Nazi party seized power, but elsewhere the remaining ghettos were being destroyed.

What happened to the people living in the Nazi ghettos?

they were most likely killed ___ They were given insufficent food and usually no medication in the ghettos. Most of the ghettos were also hopelessly overcrowded and disease spread easily. Moreover, from December 1941 on the inhabitants of the ghettos were taken to extermination camps and killed there.

What year were the Jews first moved by the Nazis to ghettos?

It began in Nazi-occupied Poland in October/November 1939, but most of the ghettos were esatblished in the first half of 1940.

How did the Jews lived in the ghettos?

They lived in the Ghettos by trying to survive because, it was crampt in their. Also, Jews tried to hide in them to prevent of being deported to an Nazi Camp or killed.

When did the ghettos finish?

The Nazi ghettos came to an end when the remaining population was deported to extermination camps. The last major ghetto to be liquidated in this way was the Lodz Ghetto in August 1944.