Asked in History, Politics & SocietyUS Civil WarHistory of the United States
What years did the two battles of Bull Run occur?
February 24, 2014 4:38PM
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There were two battles near the Virginia creek called Bull Run. In each battle the Union's objective was to take over the Confederate rail head at Mananas. Once this was accomplished it would be "On to Richmond". The expectations in Washington DC was that the victory by McDowell would bring a quick end to the Southern rebellion.
The first Battle of Bull Run took place on July 21, 1861 and was led by Union General McDowell. The Union army consisted of 28,000 troops and faced 33,000 Confederate forces led by commander Stonewall Jackson. The Union forces were defeated and had to make a hasty retreat back to Washington DC. This marked the first attempt to capture Richmond. There would be many more.
The second Battle of Bull Run took place from August 29, 1862 to September 1, 1862. This battle was much larger than the first Bull Run. In this case over 100,000 troops faced each other. 19,514 of which would be killed or wounded.
This time a new Union army, the Army of Virginia was led by General John Pope. Under his command were 45,000 troops. And again, the main objective was to capture Richmond. Pope was to meet the forces of Union General George B. McClellan, and their combined forces would this time succeed.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee and once again, Stonewall Jackson would face the Union forces. Lee decided to attack Pope before McClellan's forces could join Pope.
Apparently, Pope believed that he would only have to face Jackson's force of 24,000 men. Jackson was able to cut off Pope's lines of communication to Washington DC.
The arrival of Lee's army and the artillery of of Confederate general Longstreet, repulsed Pope's attack and Pope lost the ensuing battle and he had to retreat in another defeated attempt to capture Richmond. There would still be more attempts on Richmond.