When did muslims get to palestine?
The Muslims first conquered Palestine in the reign of the Second Rightful caliph Hazrat Omar Farooq (RAU) who assumed power on 23rd August,632 AD.
Background; Allah Almighty sent about 1,24,000 Prophets (May peace be upon them all) for the guidance of humans. By faith, the Muslims believe in all these holy Prophets. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) being the last one. He was the descendent of Hazrat Ismael (AS) the elder son of Hazrat Abraham (AS).
Most of the Prophets were from the progeny of Hazrat Jacob (AS) known as Israel, the younger son of Hazrat Abraham (AS), Hazrat Izak (AS). They came to guide the Israelites (the Jews) to the right path. They were born and buried in Palestine and surrounding areas of Syria and Egypt. The Jews inhabited these areas. The Jews were many times pushed out of Palestine, or enslaved by the Roman Empire or Persians for the reasons best known to the Jews.
Conquest of Jerusalem (The main city of Palestine) by the Muslim:
The holy city of Jerusalem was ruled by the Christians. The entry of the Jews in Jerusalem was banned. The Muslim forces led by Hazrat Abu Ubaida and Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed seiged Jerusalem in November 636 AD. After a few months, the Christian Patriarch Sophronius agreed to surrender on the condition that the Second Rightful Caliph Hazrat Omar (RAU) should personally come to sign the agreement. Hazrat Omar (RAU) travelled from Madina to Jerusalem and signed the agreement. Jerusalem fell to the Muslims without any bloodshed in April 637 AD. The Jews were permitted to enter Palestine, live there peacefully and worship according to their own religion. Thus the Christians, the Jews and the Muslims lived peacefully in this city which is sacred for the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims alike. The Dome of the Rock was built by Caliph Waleed bin Abdul Malik.