Asked in History of the United StatesUS Constitution
History of the United States
When did the District of Columbia become a US territory?
Where are legal cases in the District of Columbia and US territories settled?
In the District of Columbia, legal cases are tried in the US District Court for the District of Columbia, which is part of the federal court system because Washington, DC, is federal territory, not a state. Similarly, each US Territory (e.g., US Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern Marianna Islands) has a territorial court that operates as a remote district court. Appeals of cases heard in territorial courts are filed with whichever US Court of Appeals Circuit Court has jurisdiction over that particular territory.
Asked in Washington, D.C.
When did Washington D.C. become the capital of the US?
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D.C., is the capital of the United States, founded on July 16, 1790. The City of Washington was originally a separate municipality within the Territory of Columbia until an act of Congress in 1871 effectively merged the City and the Territory into a single entity called the District of Columbia. It is for this reason that the city, while legally named the District of Columbia, is known as Washington, D.C.