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Montgomery Bus Boycott

When was the Montgomery bus boycott?


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June 28, 2011 9:57AM

The Montgomery bus boycott began on December 5, 1955, four days after Rosa Parks' arrest for refusing to give her bus seat to a white man. Although the boycott was originally planned to last only one day, the organizers of the boycott, led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., decided to extend it until the practice of public transportation segregation was outlawed.

The boycott ended 381 days later, on December 20, 1956, the day the city of Montgomery received a court order demanding immediate integration of the buses. The order was issued because the US Supreme Court upheld a US District Court decision (Browder v. Gayle, (1956)) that declared segregation on the city buses was unconstitutional.