Where were iPhones invented?

The iPhone is a global effort. Tens of thousands of people at more than 30 companies on 3 continents work together to make Apple's first phone possible. Apple, of course, designs the product, and also created the single most important 'component' - the software that gives the iPhone its unique personality.

But, while Apple gets the credit, behind the scenes there are a host of other players, each of which has to build and deliver complex parts on schedule to make the iPhone possible. Some of them are well known names, like US-based Intel, which supplies the NOR flash chips which hold the iPhone's updatable system software; and Korea's Samsung, which makes the video processor IC. Two famous names from consumer electronics, Japan's Sharp and Sanyo Epson, are among the suppliers of the phone's bright 3.5-inch display.

The Foxconn Technology Group is a multinational business group anchored by the Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. a Republic of China-registered corporation headquartered in Tucheng, Taiwan.

Foxconn mainly manufactures on contract to other companies. Among other things, Foxconn produces the Mac mini, the iPod, the iPad, and the iPhone for Apple Inc.; Intel-branded motherboards for Intel Corp.; various orders for American computer manufacturers Dell and Hewlett-Packard; motherboards for UK computer manufacturer Zoostorm; the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation 3 for Sony; the Wii for Nintendo; the Xbox 360 for Microsoft, cell phones for Motorola, the Amazon Kindle, and Cisco equipment.

The company, currently Taiwan's No.1 manufacturing conglomerate by market revenue, will initially gain market share in China for Apple products via its established outlet Cybermart Digital Square and its consumer electronics business unit, which is led by H.L. Chiang, a former Apple executive.

Besides Apple iPods and iPhones, Hon Hai workers/residents make Dell and Hewlett Packard PCs, Motorola and Nokia cell phones, Sony PlayStation 2 and PSP and the Nintendo Wii.

iPhone Primary Contractors - a partial list
Software and designAppleUSA
AssemblyFoxconnTaiwan
TFT-LCD ScreenSanyo Epson, Sharp, TMDJapan
Video processor chipSamsungKorea
Touch screen overlayBaldaGermany
Bluetooth chipCambridge Silicon RadioUK
Chip manufactureTSMC, UMCTaiwan
Baseband ICInfineon TechnologyGermany
WIFI ChipMarvellUSA
Touch screen control chipBroadcomUSA
CMOS chipMicronUSA
NOR Flash ICsIntel, SSTUSA
Display Driver chipNational Semi, NovatekUS, TW
Case, Mechanical partsCatcher, Foxconn TechTaiwan
Camera lensLargan PrecisionTaiwan
Camera moduleAltus-Tech, Primax, Lite OnTaiwan
Battery ChargerDelta ElectronicsTaiwan
Timing CrystalTXCTaiwan
Passive componentsCyntecTaiwan
Connector and cablesCheng Uei, EnteryTaiwan