Which Amendment to the US Constitution addresses the quartering of soldiers?
The third amendment,
What laws said the colonists could be forced to provide lodging for the british solders sent to watch them?
The Third amendments is known as the Quartering amendment. It was put into the Bill of Rights in response to the British Quartering requirements. They would knock on a door and expect the people who lived there to house and feed soldiers with no compensation. It was a real drain on a family in the already small homes.
During the American Revolution, British soldiers forced Colonists to house them in what was called the Quartering Act. As a direct reaction to this violation of the Colonists' rights, they demanded that there be a provision in the US Constitution prohibiting the use of civilian houses for the quartering of soldiers ever again. Since 1789, it has not been a serious issue.
The Third Amendment (Amendment III) to the United States Constitution is a part of the United States Bill of Rights. It was introduced on September 5, 1789, and then three quarters of the states ratified this as well as 9 other amendments on December 15, 1791. It prohibits, in peacetime, the quartering of soldiers in private homes without the owner's consent. It makes quartering legally permissible in wartime only, and then only according to law.