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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Nazi Concentration Camps

Which Nazi concentration camps were outside Germany?

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June 16, 2015 2:38PM

Though there were hundreds in Germany, most were outside of Germany. Estimates range from 1200 to 15,000; most were destroyed, making an accurate catalog difficult. Some of the major ones are listed below:

Camp name Country (today) Camp type Dates of use Est. prisoners Est. deaths Sub-camps

Mauthausen-Gusen Austria Labour camp Aug 1938 - May 1945 195,000 95,000 min.

Koldichevo Belarus Labour camp Summer 1942 - Jun 1944 22,000

Maly Trostenets Belarus Extermination camp Jul 1941 - Jun 1944 206,500 (official) 65,000

Breendonk Belgium Prison and labour camp 20 Sep 1940 - Sep 1944 3532 min. 391 min. none

Mechelen Belgium Transit camp July 1942 - Sep 1944 25267 min. 300 min. none

Alderney Channel Islands Labour camps Jan 1942 - Jun 1944 6,000 700 Lager Borkum, Lager Helgoland, Lager Norderney, Lager Sylt

Jasenovac concentration camp Croatia Extermination camp for Jews, Serbs, Croats and Roma 1941-1945 99,000 Stara Gradiška concentration camp, Sisak children's concentration camp, Donja Gradina, Jasenovac main

Skrochowitz (Skrochovice) Czech Republic Transit (1939) and labour camp Sept 1939 - Dec 1939, 1940-1943 1939:700 1939:13

Theresienstadt (Terezín) Czech Republic Transit camp and Ghetto Nov 1941 - May 1945 140,000 35,000 min.

Jägala Estonia Labour camp Aug 1942 - Aug 1943 200 3,000 none

Klooga Estonia Labour camp Summer 1943 - 28 Sep 1944 2,400

Vaivara Estonia Concentration and transit camp 15 Sep 1943 - 29 Feb 1944 20,000 950 22

Drancy France Internment camp, transit 20 Aug 1941 - 17 Aug 1944 70,000 Three of five Paris annexes: Austerlitz, Lévitan and Bassano camps

Fort de Romainville France Prison and transit camp 1940 - Aug 1945 8,100 min. 200 min. none

Le Vernet France Internment camp 1939-1944

Natzweiler-Struthof (Struthof) France Labour camp; Nacht und Nebel camp; extermination camp May 1941 - Sep 1944 40,000 25,000L'historique du camp de Natzweiler-Struthof par Roger Boulanger, 2006.

Arbeitsdorf Germany Labour camp 8 Apr 1942 - 11 Oct 1942 600 min. none

Berga an der Elster (Berga, Thuringia) Germany Labour camp; Buchenwald subcamp

Bergen-Belsen Germany Collection point Apr 1943 - Apr 1945 70,000 2

Berlin-Marzahn Germany Early a "rest place" then labour camp for Roma July 1936 - none

Bernburg Germany Collection point Apr 1942 - Apr 1945 100,000 2

Breitenau Germany "Early wild camp", then labour camp Jun 1933 - Mar 1934, 1940-1945 470 - 8500

Buchenwald Germany Labour camp Jul 1937 - Apr 1945 250,000 56,000

Dachau Germany Labour camp Mar 1933 - Apr 1945 200,000 31,591

Flößberg (Frohburg) Germany Labour camp; Buchenwald subcamp November 1944 - Apr 1945 1904 235 min.

Flossenbürg Germany Labour camp May 1938 - Apr 1945 100,000 min. 30,000

Hinzert Germany Collection point and subcamp Jul 1940 - Mar 1945 14,000 302 min.

Kaufering/Landsberg Germany Labour camp Jun 1943 - Apr 1945 30,000 14,500 min.

Kemna Germany Early concentration camp Jun 1933 - Jan 1944 4,500 none

Langenstein-Zwieberge Germany Buchenwald subcamp Apr 1944 - Apr 1945 5,000 2,000

Malchow Germany Labour and Transit camp Winter 1943 - 8 May 1945 5,000

Mittelbau-Dora Germany Labour camp Sep 1943 - Apr 1945 60,000 20,000 min.

Neuengamme Germany Labour camp 13 Dec 1938 - 4 May 1945 106,000 42,900+

Niederhagen Germany Prison and labour camp Sep 1941 - early 1943 3,900 1,285 none

Oberer Kuhberg Germany Concentration camp Nov 1933 - 1935 0 Former infantry base Gleißelstetten (Fortress of Ulm)

Ohrdruf Germany Labour and concentration camp; Buchenwald subcamp Nov 1944 - Apr 1945 11,700

Oranienburg Germany Early concentration camp Mar 1933 - Jul 1934 3,000 16 min.

Osthofen Germany Collective point Mar 1933 - Jul 1934

Ravensbrück Germany Labour camp for women May 1939 - Apr 1945 150,000 90,000 min.

Sachsenhausen Germany Labour camp Jul 1936 - Apr 1945 200,000 min. 100,000

Bolzano Italy Transit Jul 1944 - Apr 1945 11,116

Fossoli Italy Prison and transit camp 5 Dec 1943 - Nov 1944 2,800

Risiera di San Sabba (Trieste) Italy Police detainment camp Sep 1943 - 29 Apr 1945 25,000 5,000

Kaiserwald (Mežaparks) Latvia Labour camp 1942 - 6 Aug 1944 20,000? 16, incl. Eleja-Meitenes

Salaspils (Kirchholm ) Latvia Labour camp Oct 1941 - Summer 1944 2,000

Kauen (Kaunas) Lithuania Ghetto and internment camp ???? Prawienischken

Amersfoort Netherlands Transit camp and prison Aug 1941 - Apr 1945 35,000 1,000

Herzogenbusch (Vught) Netherlands Concentration camp 1943 - Summer 1944 31,000

Westerbork Netherlands Transit camp May 1940 - Apr 1945 102,000

Bardufoss Norway Concentration camp Mar 1944 - ???? 800 250

Bredtvet Norway Concentration camp Fall, 1941 - May, 1944 1,000 min. ???? none

Falstad Norway Prison camp Dec 1941 - May 1945 200 min. none

Grini Norway Prison camp 2 May 1941 - May 1945 19,788 8 Fannrem Bardufoss Kvænangen

Auschwitz-Birkenau Poland Extermination and labour camp Apr 1940 - Jan 1945 135,000 min. in August 1944 1,100,000 min. out of 6,000,000 rec. arrivals list of 48 sub-camps with description at the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum

Bełżec Poland Extermination camp Oct 1941 - Jun 1943 434,508 min.

Chełmno (Kulmhof) Poland Extermination camp Dec 1941 - Apr 1943, Apr 1944 - Jan 1945 152,000 min.

Fort VII (Poznań) Poland Concentration, detention, transit Oct 1939 - Apr 1944 18,000 min. 4,500 min.

Gross-Rosen Poland Labour camp; Nacht und Nebel camp Aug 1940 - Feb 1945 125,000 40,000

Majdanek (KZ Lublin) Poland Extermination camp Jul 1941 - Jul 1944 78,000

Mittelsteine Poland Labour camp; Gross-Rosen subcamp Aug 1944 - April 1945 300-1,000

Płaszów Poland Labour camp Dec 1942 - Jan 1945 150,000 min. 9,000 min.

Sobibór Poland Extermination camp May 1942 - Oct 1943 200,000 max.

Soldau Poland Labour; Transit camp Winter 1939/40 - Jan 1945 30,000 13,000

Stutthof Poland Labour camp Sep 1939 - May 1945 110,000 65,000

Treblinka Poland Extermination camp Jul 1942 - Nov 1943 870,000

Warsaw Poland Labour and extermination camp 1942-1944 400,000 max. 200,000 max

Banjica Serbia Concentration camp Jun 1941 - Sep 1944 23,637 3,849

Crveni krst Serbia Concentration camp 1941-1944 30,000 10,000

Sajmište Serbia Extermination camp Oct 1941 - Jul 1944 92,000 23,000-47,000

Bogdanovka Ukraine Concentration camp 1941 54,000 40,000

Janowska (Lwów) Ukraine Ghetto; transit, labour, & extermination camp Sep 1941 - Nov 1943 40,000 min. none