Animal Life
Chemical Bonding

Why are ionic compounds neutral even though they contain charged particles?



User Avatar
Wiki User

Ionic compounds are neutral because the total positive charge and the total negative charge are equal but opposite, so the overall charge is zero. Take sodium chloride as an example.

Na+ + Cl- ---> NaCl

The sodium ion has a charge of 1+ and the chloride ion has a charge of 1-, so simple addition tells us that 1+ + 1- = 0