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Pope Urban 2 launched the Crusades for several different reasons:

  1. Alexius I, who was the Emperor of Byzantium at the time, pleaded with Pope Urban II to help him regain Byzantine territory in the Middle East, and protect the rest of Byzantium from being captured by the Arabs.
  2. At the time the kings in Europe quarrelled among themselves. Pope Urban II thought that going on the Crusades would keep the kings from quarreling among themselves.
  3. Pope Urban II also thought that the Crusades would be a good way for the Church to make a large amount of wealth. The Church could do this because when the Nobles went on the Crusades they became broke and the Church bought the Nobles land cheap, and then sold it for a profit.
  4. Pope Urban II also thought that some Holy Artifacts would be found on the Crusades and would make the Church look even more powerful and people would become more religious because of it.
  5. Pope Urban II also hoped that the Crusaders would end up converting some inhabitants of the cities they captured, but most of the people were slaughtered by the Crusaders, who acted like savages.
  6. Pope Urban II hoped that the Crusaders would capture land so that the Christian Empire would expand in the Middle East.
  7. Last, Pope Urban II hoped that by coming to the aid of Alexius, that he would be able to reunite the Eastern and Western Churches, therefore becoming a hero.
Catholic AnswerPlease see the book below, Seven Lies About Catholic History by Diane Moczar. To quote from her book, page 57 "All of the above, of course, is hogwash. Unprovoked Muslim aggression in the seventh century brought large parts of the southern Byzantine Empire ... under Arab rule. Christians who survived the conquests found themselves subject to a special poll tax and discriminated against... For centuries their complaints had been reaching Rome, but Europe was having its own Dark Age of massive invasion, and nothing could be done to relieve the plight of the eastern Christians. ... there are reports of pilgrims being executed, some by crucifixion. By the eleventh century, under the rule of a new Muslim dynasty, conditions worsened..."

In other words, Pope Urban was trying to liberate oppressed Christians who had been invaded and conquered by a cruel tyrant. His goal was to rescue the Christians and make the Holy Land safe for pilgrimage - nothing more.

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Q: Why did Pope Urban II launch the crusades?
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Related questions

When did Pope Urban III launch the crusades?

The Crusades were launched by Pope Urban II, not Pope Urban III.


When did Pope Urban II launch the crusades?

in 1095


What pope called for the crusades?

Pope Urban II


Who was the pope that started the crusades?

Pope Urban II


Who was the pope who initiated the crusades?

Pope Urban II


Who was the Pope at the beginning of the Crusades?

Pope Urban II


What was the name of the pope who started the crusades?

Pope Urban II


Who was the pope who issued a call for the Crusades?

Pope Urban II


What was the founder of the crusades?

Pope Urban II.


Pope urban II proposed the?

crusades


Who were the crusades launched by?

Pope Urban II


Why did Pope Urban II called on Europeans to join the crusade against?

Pope Urban II enlisted Europeans to launch the First Crusade in order to rescue the Holy Land of Jerusalem from the Muslim Turks. There would go on to be six major Crusades.


Where did Pope Urban II call for the Crusades?

He called for the Crusades from Clermont, France.


What is the name of the pope that urged people to join the crusades?

The name of the pope that urged people to join the crusades was Pope Urban II.


What year was the call for the Crusades by Pope Urban?

Pope Urban II made his plea in the year 1095.


Which pope called for the crusades in Europe?

Pope Urban II called for the crusades in 1095 from the city of Clermont, France.


Which pope was responsible for the Crusades?

Pope Urban II called for the first Crusade.


Pope Urban II proposed the which lasted for approximately 200 years?

Pope Urban II proposed the crusades which lasted for approximately 200 years.


In the film 'Kingdom of Heaven' what is the name of the pope who initiated the Crusades?

Pope Urban II


Who orchestrated the battles during the Crusades?

Pope Urban II was the first to orchestrate the battle of the Crusades. This began in 1095 when the Christians went to war with the Muslims at the urging of the Pope.


Who called for the Crusades?

Pope Urban II called for the Crusades after Emperor Alexius asked for help.


When did the Crusades begin and who was the pope?

the pope was pope urban II and the crusades started in 1096.


Name the pope who started the Crusades?

Pope Urban II called for the First Crusade in 1095.


Who supported the crusades?

Pope Urban II organized the first Crusade.


Who were the key people in the crusades?

pope urban ii and sultan Saladin