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The colony of South Australia was not established as a convict settlement because, by the 1830s, on further penal colonies were required in Australia.

The main reason for settlement in South Australia is that the British Government wished to establish a colony on the southern coast, securing its claim against the possibility of French incursions.

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12y ago
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5y ago

The South Australia Company was formed to conduct the settlement.

Victoria started with free settlers.

There were free settlers in New South Wales and Tasmania as well as convicts. Victoria and Western Australia started with free settlers, convicts coming later. Queensland started with convicts then switched to free settlers.

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Q: Why did south Australia have no convict settlement?
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Related questions

Why is South Australia special?

South Australia is the only Australian state to not have been founded by convicts, or to have had convict settlement in its history.

Why was the settlement of South Australia different from other states?

South Australia was the only state to have never had convicts. Unlike the eastern colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and Tasmania, the first settlement in South Australia was not a penal settlement; and unlike Western Australia, it did not engage convict labour later on.

Which state or colony in Australia did not use convicts for labor?

South Australia is the only Australian state or colony with no history of convict settlement.

Australia was orginally established as a?

Australia was originally established as a convict colony. Prisoners from Britain were sent to New South Wales, the site of the first European settlement in Australia, in 1788.

Which states of Australia were settled by free settlers?

South Australia and Western Australia were the two Austalian colonies to be settled by free settlers alone, with no convict presence. Only South Australia, however, remained convict-free, as Western Australia campaigned to have convicts to use as free labour about fifteen years after the initial settlement.

How was most of Australia settled?

Almost all of Australia's six colonies were settled by convicts. New South Wales, Tasmania, Queensland and Victoria all began with convict settlements (although the Victorian one did not succeed). Western Australia started as a free settlement but convicts arrived some 15 years after initial settlement. Only South Australia never had a penal colony.

Which Australian state or colony didn't use convict labor?

South Australia was the only state in Australia that did not use convict labour. Once convicts were given a free pardon, however, some of them chose to settle in South Australia to start their new life.

What is the only state in Australia that did not start as convict colony?

South Australia, Western Australia (Swan River) and Victoria (Port Phillip) all did not start as convict colonies.While South Australia always remained convict-free, the settlers of the Swan River colony asked for convicts because they claimed there was the need for convict labour. The first convicts arrived about 15 years after the colony was founded.The Port Phillip District (Victoria) was established by free settlers who were joined by ex-convicts from Van Diemen's Land and New South Wales.

What was Australia was established as?

Australia was originally established as a penal colony, or convict settlement. The first Europeans to permanently settle in the country were British prisoners, and the officers and marines who led and guarded them.

What was the first settlement in Australia called and what is it called today?

The first settlement in Australia was Sydney Town, now just known as Sydney. It was established at Port Jackson, with the arrival of the first eleven convict ships from England, known as the First Fleet.

What were the six penal colonies in Australia?

There were not six penal colonies in Australia. Only New South Wales, Moreton Bay (later Queensland), Van Diemen's Land and Port Phillip (briefly) were penal colonies. Perth, a free settlement, asked for convicts 15 years after it was settled, while South Australia remained convict-free right from the beginning.

What does Norfolk Island have to do with Australia?

Norfolk Island is one of Australia's seven offshore territories. It was established as a convict settlement soon are the First Fleet arrived in Port Jackson, Sydney in 1788. Philip Gidley King was commissioned by Governor Arthur Phillip to star a new convict settlement, and he left with fifteen convicts and seven free settlers in February 1788.