The 1970s were times of great change in South America, with peasants and workers organizing for what they thought was a better life, looking up to communism. This was a severe threat to American corporate interests, and Salvador Allende, (Chile's President before the coup d'état) was a socialist on the side of the workers.
Allende supported the strike of copper miners, and nationalized the copper mines. These were controlled by American corporate interests, and they did not take this threat lightly. Allende was also a strong supporter of Fidel Castro.
The US accused the Allende government of promoting Soviet interests in Latin America as Allende nationalized US companies. Investors from the US company International Telephone and Telegraph (ITT), who owned 70% of the Chilean Telephone Company (Chitelco) thought that the Chilean government would nationalize its assets there, and pressured ITT to put the US government through their connections and lobby groups.
Export income fell due fell in both production and price on international markets of copper, the most important export of Chile.
From Wikipedia: "Chilean politics ascended to a state of civil unrest amid strikes, lockouts, economic sanctions, CIA-sponsored propaganda, and a failed coup in June 1973".
There was a annual inflation rate of over 900%. Some people think Allende would have been overthrown by the Chilean army with or without US support.
According to the CIA, although they supported the military Junta, after the overthrow of Allende they had reservations about Pinochet being President. However, he ruled Chile for 17 years. Later it was recognized worldwide he was a brutal dictator and attempts were made to prosecute him in courts.
For further information check the declassified documents from the US Government in the George Washington University Webpage (See related links)
Salvador Allende's socialist government was overthrown in September, 1973 and Allende was killed. He was replaced by a military junta led by Augusto Pinochet, which held power until 1990.
The Commander-in-chief of the Army, Augusto Pinochet, led the coup d'état of 1973 in Chile. However, they didn't kill or capture Allende, he committed suicide before that.
Chile's President Salvador Allende died in September 11, 1973; but he wasn't killed, he committed suicide.
There are several facts that underlie the 1973 Chilean Coup. The first is that Salvadore Allende, was a democratically elected socialist, and died under dubious circumstances in direct cause of the military coupe. It is well known that the United States lent implicit support to military regimes across South and Central America whom were engaged in "Dirty Wars" and political disappearances against communists, academics, artists and other left-wing parties. The Chilean Coup happened against the backdrop and overall context of the Cold War.
Salvador Allende (1908-1973) was a Chilean politician and former President of Chile. He was a Socialist, but not a Communist. Regardless, the United States believed him to be a threat in that he could turn Chile from be Pro-American to being Pro-Soviet. As a result, the United States supported General Pinochet in a coup d'etat to take over the government in 1973. During the coup, Allende committed suicide.
Salvador Allende died on September 11, 1973 at the age of 65.
Allende is a Socialist Party politician, he became a senator, deputy, cabinet minister and after failing in the 1952, 1958, and 1964 presidential elections, he was elected President in 1970. He was the first Marxist leader of a nation to gain power through democratic process although he latter violated the laws and the chilean constitution. Pinochet was president of Chile and is one of the most controversial figures in recent Chilean history, was head of the military junta that ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990.
Augusto Pinochet was Commander in Chief of the Chilean Army in 1973. Best known for his overthrowing of President Allende, he stayed in power for 25 years before being apprehended but passed away before he could be tried for his crimes.
Salvador Allende died on September 11, 1973 at the age of 65.
11 sep 1973
The cast of Richesse des autres - 1973 includes: Salvador Allende as Himself (President of Chile, addresses Chilean and Quebec miners) Joseph Gosselin as himself Paul Massicotte as Himself (former miner) Michel Provencher as himself Claude Roy as himself
Nothing in particular. But you may want to know about 1973. Salvador Allende had been elected as President in 1970 and he set about implementing his socialist (some would say communist) social economic programs which after some initial success, mostly resulted by 1973 in real wages reaching an absolute low, in antagonizing every political party that had initially supported him and in the Chilean Supreme Court declaring several of his actions unconstitutional. Allende's intentions may have been good, and it is also true that 'vested interests' in Chile - actively supported with CIA money - did everything in their power to work against him. It is also true that Allende - an authoritarian character himself - tried to push through things forcibly, ruling by decree when he could not get support for his measures in Parliament. His close links with the USSR did not help either in the eyes of many of his countrymen.It was in 1973 that the army decided to depose him. The Presidential palace was surrounded and Allende was offered a safe conduct out. Instead, he chose to stay and "fight to the end". The end came when he committed suicide in his palace. 1973 then saw the advent of a military junta that would set a murderous record during its rule that lasted for well over a decade.
Salvador Allende was born on July 26, 1908 and died on September 11, 1973. Salvador Allende would have been 65 years old at the time of death or 107 years old today.
The cast of Universidad comprometida - 1973 includes: Salvador Allende as himself
Pierre Kalfon has written: 'Allende: Chili, 1970-1973' 'Allende' -- subject(s): Chronology, History
The armed forces of Chile backed by the U.S government overthrew Allende do to his communist policies and setup a conservative gov. The U.S gov. helped setup a military junta led by Augusto Pinochet who was the commander and chief of the Chilean armed forces to become the new leader of the country who then turned into a dictator. Pinochet held power as a dictator until 1990 when he transferred power to a democratically elected president.
Augusto Pinochet led the Chilean military coup on September 11, 1973.
The cast of 1973 revoluciones por minuto - 2008 includes: Ramiro Sandoval as Salvador Allende
In 1973, the CIA helped rebels in Chile overthrow President Salvador Allende in order to prevent a Soviet-backed communist government from controlling the country.
1970-73 - Chile was ruled by the democratically elected social democrat government of Salvador Allende. In 1973 the Chilean military, supported by the United States, launched a coup d'etat. 1973-1990 - Augusto Pinochet took control of the country and ruled undemocratically for this period. He is believed to have violently suppressed his opposition. 1990- Following Pinochet's death, the country returned to a fragile democracy.
Salvador Allende has: Played himself in "Universidad comprometida" in 1973. Played himself in "On vous parle du Chili: Ce que disait Allende" in 1973. Played Himself (President of Chile, addresses Chilean and Quebec miners) in "Richesse des autres" in 1973. Performed in "Intervista a Salvador Allende: La forza e la ragione" in 1973. Played himself in "Acta General de Chile" in 1986. Played Himself - with Mother and Infant in "Nixon" in 1995. Played Himself (uncle, President of Chile) in "Isabel Allende: An Extraordinary Life" in 1995. Played Himself (in film The Battle of Chile) in "Chile, la memoria obstinada" in 1997. Played himself in "Cold War" in 1998. Played himself in "A Force More Powerful" in 1999. Played himself in "The Trials of Henry Kissinger" in 2002. Played Himself - President of Chile in "Bowling for Columbine" in 2002. Played himself in "Unsere Besten" in 2003. Played himself in "Salvador Allende" in 2004. Played himself in "Allende - Der letzte Tag des Salvador Allende" in 2004. Played himself in "The Assassination of Richard Nixon" in 2004. Played himself in "La imagen de tu vida" in 2006. Played himself in "The War on Democracy" in 2007. Played himself in "A Promise to the Dead: The Exile Journey of Ariel Dorfman" in 2007. Played himself in "Henry Kissinger - Geheimnisse einer Supermacht" in 2008. Played himself in "The Shock Doctrine" in 2009. Played himself in "La independencia inconclusa" in 2010. Played himself in "Santiago Files" in 2011. Played himself in "Pinochet" in 2012. Played himself in "Palme" in 2012. Played himself in "The Resurrection of Victor Jara" in 2014.
A major coup d'Ã©tat occurred in Chile on September 11, 1973. The leader of the ousted government, Salvadore Allende, committed suicide.
Juan Allende has: Performed in "Los cacos" in 1972. Performed in "El principio" in 1973. Performed in "Los 7 pecados capitales" in 1975. Performed in "La mafia amarilla" in 1975. Performed in "Ianthe" in 1985.
The rich in Chile were unhappy with president Allende's rule because he created many policies like the redistribution of land for landless farmers, education reform, and free milk for children. He was also opposed to the other countries and the rich persons to trade the natural resources in the countr like copper. These policies of Allende made the rich angry. The rich and the other countries funded the bombing activities to end Allende's rule in Chile in 1973.