Why did the people of Ancient Egypt settle in Egypt?
Nomads settled in Egypt because of the rich fertile soil, caused by the annual floods of the Nile River. It was also easily protected, not easily invaded.
Settlers arrived in the southern portion of the Nile delta some 6-7 thousand years ago, approximately 4500 B.C. It is assumed that these were nomadic tribes, similar to the Bedouin, that had wandered for miles seeking fertile land. The Nile, not only a provider of water and food, but also a means of transportation, instantly became a haven for all desert tribes in the area. Its rich resources were the foundation of an ancient religion and a powerful empire.
Egypt was composed of two kingdoms, Upper and Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt's pharaoh wore the White Crown while Lower Egypt's pharaoh wore the red. After the unification of the two kingdoms, the crowns were joined as one, and all depictions after this period show not only the pharaohs but also the gods such as Osiris and Anubis wearing the combined crown.
Ancient Egypt's pharaoh held his capitol in Thebes, the ancient name for Luxor. Modern Egypt's capitol is Cairo, approximately 500 miles north of Luxor situated near the Nile Delta and the Giza Plateau, where the pyramids are.
Because they could grow their crops with the Nile River's help, and because they were able to built canals and boats there.
What is now called Egypt was founded as a colony by Nubians, led by Asar, Egypt's first ruler, whom the ancient Greeks later called Osiris. After death he was deified and became a god. He was part of the history's first holy trinity featuring Aset and Heru, whom the Ancient Greeks later called Isis and Horus. Exploration was the reason these Nubians settled in what is now Egypt.