Languages and Cultures
South America
Latin America

Why do most countries in South America speak Spanish?

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September 26, 2012 3:37PM

Most of South America consisted of colonies of Spain, or had

Spanish settlements, after the Spanish explorations and conquests

that began in 1492.

Central and South America are referred to as "Latin America"

because of the Romance languages introduced there (Spanish,

Portuguese, and French. In most cases, Catholicism also accompanied

these European conquests.

Brazil was settled by the Portuguese under the Treaty of

Tordesillas (1494), and the three Guianas were colonies of England,

France, and the Netherlands.


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