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Antibody levels naturally fall over the years, plus individual immunity levels will vary from individual to individual

2007-12-04 06:04:05
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Which person most likely will fail to develop active immunity following vaccination?

hepatitis B immune globulin 2 months ago and MMR vaccine given today


Why should booster vaccination be given?

Booster vaccinations are given to stimulate the immune response and allow an animal or person to have continued immunity without having to go through the whole vaccination process again.


How can you catch hepatitis?

Since virus of hepatitis is air borne, even a healthy person can catch hepatitis if he/she comes in contact with an affected person, by sharing his utensils, cloths etc. As a precautionary measure, it is advisable to take hepatitis vaccination adult child alike before hand.


What does immunity mean in legal terms?

Having legal immunity from the law is a legal status that makes a person essentially free from legal matters. Immunity may mean that a person does not have to be liable for damages or punished for crimes that they commit. Legal kinds of immunity include diplomatic immunity, parliamentary immunity, judicial immunity, and sovereign immunity, among others.


What happens if you get a vaccination twice?

Getting a vaccination twice sometimes happens when there is a doubt about whether or not a person has had the vaccination before. In these cases, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends a new vaccination, and says there is little to no effect from having a repeat vaccination.


What is the definition of artificial immunity?

Having immunity to something means that you will be unaffected by that particular disease or condition. Artificial immunity is when a person is deliberately exposed to an antigen in order to acquire immunity, the most common form of artificial immunity being vaccinations.


A positive tuberculin skin test shows cellular immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis How could a person acquire this immunity?

having the actual disease


Compare and contrast active and passive immunity?

Active immunity is immunity which is developed in response to having had an illness. Passive immunity is immunity which is developed as a result of a vaccine. Most vaccines use dead organisms, so the risk to the person is less than if they had contracted the actual disease.


Does active immunity involve a person becoming immune to a pathogen as a result of having a disease?

false


What type of immunity occurs when a person receives the MMR vaccination?

When you are inoculated for MMR, your body develops antibodies to Measles, Mumps and Rubella. The antibodies help you resist those diseases.


In what immunity is a person given an injection of antibodies from another person or animal?

passive immunity


What is the acquired immunity that results when a person has a disease is?

what is the acquired immunity that results when a person has a disease


What is immunity in biology?

Immunity in the context of biology means protection against infectious disease. There are two kinds of immunity, innate immunity which is the nature resistance a person is born with. There is also adaptive immunity which occurs either naturally or artificially. It can occur artificially by either an antibody transfer or an immunization. Immunity can occur naturally by either having an infection or from being a mother.


Passive immuntiy is different from active immunity because passive immunity does what?

Passive immunity is different from active immunity because it means that you can get it from another person and you can give it someone else. Active immunity is when you get it by yourself, not from another person, and you cannot pass it to another person.


How do you get hepititas c?

You could get hepatitis C by: * sharing drug needles* getting pricked with a needle that has infected blood on it (hospital workers can get hepatitis C this way)* having sex with an infected person, especially if you or your partner has other sexually transmitted diseases* being born to a mother with hepatitis CIn rare cases, you could get hepatitis C by: * getting a tattoo or body piercing with unsterilized, dirty toolsYou can NOT get hepatitis C by: * shaking hands with an infected person* hugging an infected person* kissing an infected person* sitting next to an infected person


Does Non-reactive to HBs Ag means immune to Hep b virus?

HBsAg non-reactive does NOT mean immune to hepatitis B. To understand this we have to discuss what exactly HBsAg is. The hepatitis B virus has several components. It is an encapsulated virus, meaning that its central DNA core is protected by an outer shell. This shell is sometimes called the "surface". On this surface are some antigens, which are simply proteins that induce an immune response in the body. We abbreviate these antigens as HBsAg, which is shorthand for "hepatitis B surface antigen". If a blood test reveals that there are no detectable hepatitis B surface antigens, this simply means that the individual has no evidence of being currently infected with hepatitis B. Otherwise, there would be some hepatitis B surface antigens (with hepatitis B DNA inside them) floating around in the bloodstream. To determine if a person is immune to hepatitis B, we must draw a different test. This test checks for the presence of antibodies to the hepatitis B surface antigens. Sometimes this is abbreviated as HBAb, or as Hepatitis B IgG. If the patient has antibodies to Hepatitis B surface antigens, and has no detectable HBsAg in their bloodstream, then it is likely that they are immune. But be careful! Simply having Hepatitis B surface antibodies does not indicate immunity! It may mean that the person is actually infected with Hep B. This is why both tests are necessary to document immunity.


How can passive immunity develop?

Passive immunity occurs with the transfer of active humoral immunity of ready made antibodies, from person to person, from mother to child in utero.


If the person has history of hepatitis can you get hepatitis by swallowing his sperm?

YES! You can get Hepatitis by swallowing semen. You can also get AIDS/HIV.


What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis in the world. There are 5 types of hepatitis viruses affected the human liver. This disease can be transmit by person to person. if you take proper treatment with the help your physician, it can be curable. there are many hepatitis medicines are available in market.


Who recovers more quickly from the flu someone who had a flu shot or someone who had no flu shot and why?

After a person receives a vaccination the bodies immunity system starts to prepare antibodies hence the person with a flu shot has greater chances of fighting aganist the disease


How a person get hepatitis c?

Hepatitis C is spread through the exchange of blood .


How long does it take to develop immunity after a flu shot?

It can vary person to person depending on the health of their immune systems.For trivalent seasonal flu vaccine (including those containing the H1N1/09 swine flu vaccine), it usually is under two weeks from the time of the injection for adults to develop full immunity.For the A-H1N1/09 "Swine Flu" monovalent vaccine, immunity in otherwise healthy adult individuals averages 8 to 10 days after the vaccination.For children under 10, a second flu vaccination is required approximately one month after the first one, then within 2-4 weeks after the second vaccination, they can have achieved full immunity.For immuno-compromised patients, there may be a diminished response from their slower functioning immune system, which might leave them unable to achieve full immunity. This may also happen in some people who are temporarily on specific medications that suppress the immune system (such as transplant patients). In both situations, those people should continue to observe all the preventive precautions and measures they used prior to the vaccination, in case they do not develop full immunity. Those with suppressed immune systems may also need to take antiviral medicines like Tamiflu, to help them prevent infection, if they are exposed to someone with the flu.For adults who are otherwise healthy it takes about 3 weeks after the vaccination to gain full immunity. Children under 10 need a series of two vaccinations since their immune systems are immature. They get the second one approximately one month after the first, then about a month after the second vaccination they will have built immunity. Infants under 6 months old can not be vaccinated, their immune systems are not ready for introduction of pathogens yet.


What type of immunity is produced by the body when a person gets a disease?

acquired immunity


Can you get Hepatitis B from eating feces?

if the person is a carrier of hepatitis virus, one can be infected with eating feces of this person. but the person is not a carrier than it can not be possible.


What is the difference between acquired and passive immunity?

Acquired immunity can be gained by the use of vaccinations either from your primary care giver or your local health department. Passive immunity can be acquired from exposure to someone who has the disease, in which case the person can often develop a light case of the disease, which would cause one's body to develop antibodies against the disease, thus achieving the same effects as the vaccination.