Yes but you will also need to replace the rear end. The smaller engines use a different differential and if you strap that much power to a smalle rear end you are going to splatter it in all directions.
All you need to do is buy a ring and pinion gear from summit racing or jeggs that will fit your rearend and a installation kit, you will want to go with a 3.55 or 3.73 rear gear if you want more power.
Look at the front part of the rear end where the driveshaft bolts to it and you will find it in the housing. It will be on the passenger side of the rear end housing where the driveshaft hooks to the rear end.
the '52 should have a 4.11:1 ratio in it currently. If you change it out for the '54 rear end you will have a 3.55:1 ratio. As far as changing it, it should bolt right up. Do you have a more specific question?
Remove the tire and wheel from your 2001 Chevy Impala. Remove the end of the axle. Remove the wheel bearing nut. Remove the wheel bearing seal and the wheel bearing. Reverse the process to install the new front wheel bearing.