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Dred Scott v. Sanford*, 60 US 393 (1857)

In the Dred Scott decision, the Court held that people who had been slaves, or who descended from slaves, were not protected by the Constitution and could never be US citizens. Without citizenship status, African-Americans were denied access to the courts, and couldn't sue for their freedom, even if they had a contractual agreement granting them free status.

The Supreme Court also ruled that Congress had no right to prohibit slavery, nullifying the Missouri Compromise.

The Court's decision in this case was overturned by the Thirteenth Amendment, prohibiting slavery.

* The name Sanford is misspelled as Sandford in US Reports

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Q: What US Supreme Court case attempted to settle the slavery question?
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What was happening at the same time that Crittenden was pushing a compromise to settle the slavery question?

South Carolina was voting to secede at the same time that Crittenden was pushing a compromise to settle the slavery question.


For a time did the Missouri Compromise settle the slavery question?

It established what lands were considered free states.


Why was the dred Scott case brought to the supreme?

The Dred Scott case was brought to the Supreme Court to settle the question of whether African Americans, enslaved or free, could be considered American citizens and have rights under the Constitution. It was a pivotal case in the national debate over slavery and its expansion into the new territories.


Is it true that for a time The Missouri Compromise settled the slavery question true false?

True. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 attempted to settle the issue of slavery in newly acquired territories by admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state, while also establishing a line at 36°30' latitude where slavery would be prohibited in future states north of it. However, the underlying tensions over slavery eventually led to its unraveling.


What was happening at the same time the Crittenden was pushing a compromise to settle the slavery question?

South Carolina was voting to secede


What was Dred Scott role to settle the issue in slavery?

The Dred Scott case did not settle the slavery issue - it unsettled it. The South interpreted it as a licence to travel in the North with their slaves, and possibly re-introduce slavery into free soil. The North was thrown into confusion at the Supreme Court's suggestion that there was no such thing as free soil, because slavery was protected by the Constitution. It caused furious disputes, including the Lincoln-Douglas debates, which drew slavery to the attention of people not previously concerned with it.


What did the Framers not settle at the Constitutional Convention?

Slavery


Who has the power to settle disputes in the US?

In the United States, the Supreme Court is vested with the power to settle disputes. The Supreme Court was established in Article III of the U.S. Constitution.


Convention delegates refuse to settle in 1787?

slavery


Should slavery be expanded to the new territories?

That was the old question that had divided Americans ever since the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. The Missouri Compromise, based on a straightforward dividing-line on the map (slavery banned anywhere North of the line), appeared to settle matters, but the new territories acquired from Mexico in 1847 made this unworkable. Three more compromises were attempted, but the rejection of the last one by the newly-elected Lincoln (because it would have allowed some extension of slavery) finally triggered the civil war.


Did the compromise of 1850 settle the question of slavery in the US.?

It intensified the debate by promising to tighten up the Fugitive Slave Act. This made the slavery more emotive to Northerners, who regarded the fugitives as victims of persecution, and helped the Abolitionist cause.


What issues did the convention delegates refuse to settle in 1787?

slavery