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The theory you are probably thinking of was nullification, a doctrine proposed by Thomas Jefferson before he became President. Jefferson's theory was not exactly as stated, however. He believed that a state could only nullify an act of Congress if it were unconstitutional. However, at the time, there would have been no clear way to judge whether an Act of Congress, contested by one or more states, was unconstitutional. The doctrine of judicial review had not yet been established. Nullification was most famously attempted by South Carolina during the Jackson administration. A convention of South Carolina citizens passed a resolution stating that a federal tariff law was unconstitutional, null and void. Subsequently, the South Carolina legislature passed legislation meant to enforce this resolution in the state courts. South Carolina's stance was influential in getting Congress to change the law, but President Jackson also threatened to send in troops if South Carolina did not back down (similar to President Washington's actions in Pennsylvania in 1794.) While nullification was not an explicit issue in the Civil War, given the connotations attached to the idea of state sovereignty after the defeat of the Confederate States, the doctrine was largely repudiated afterwards.

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Q: What was the theory that said a state could cancel out a law passed by congress if it was unfair to the state?
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What was done in congress to prevent debate on slavery?

Congress attempted to stop discussion on the slavery issue after they were flooded by over 100,000 petitions urging the abolition of slavery in the 1830's. In 1836, they passed a resolution that banned the discussion of these petitions and enforced the ban in 1839, 1841 and 1843. However, John Quincy Adams, who believed this was unfair, came up with creative methods of bringing the debate up on the floor anyway.

What did Martin Luther King Jr's letters from a Birmingham jail argue?

people should resist unfair laws (apex)

What promoted the theory of nullification?

In Andrew jacksons presidential cabinet his vice president john C. Calhoun Supported nullification, he even wrote the south Carolina exposition and protest which was about nullification of a tariff

What is the best example of checks and balances?

The system of checks and balances is used to keep the government from getting too powerful in one branch. Often this represents a circular arrangement, for example:- The executive branch can veto bills from the legislative, but- The legislative can override the veto.Executive Branch1. The President is the commander-in-chief of the army and the navy, but only Congress can declare war.2. The President nominates judges.3. The President can veto congressional legislation.Legislative Branch1. Congress approves presidential nominations.2. Congress controls the budget.3. Congress can pass laws over the president's veto.4. Congress can impeach the president and remove him/her from office.5. The Senate confirms the president's nominations (for judges, etc.).Judicial Branch1. The Court can declare laws unconstitutional.2. The Court can declare presidential acts unconstitutional.

What is the protection against unfair government actions and laws?

protection from unfair actions by the goverment

Related questions

After California became part of the US what happened to many California who had lived there when it was part of Mexico?

Many lost their land when Anglos passes an unfair law. -apex

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States' rights, unfair tariffs, and unfair representation in congress. Slavery was but a minor issue in 1861.

Does Congress decide if laws are fair?

No. Generally, Congress tries to ensure laws accomplish some purpose on their agenda, without regard for the interests of, or fairness to, all parties affected by their legislation (which would be impossible, anyway). Regardless of the law passed, some group is guaranteed to believe the legislation is unfair or unconstitutional.

What is an example of checks and balance?

President Vetoing a law passed by congressCongress overriding a Presidents VetoThe court can declare congressional and presidential acts to be unconstitutional. Congress can override a president's veto. The president appoints supreme court judges.In the American Government, when the President vetoes something, it gets sent back to Congress to be reviewed again and Congress can override that if they believe the President's decision is unfair.

How did the Confederation Congress react to unfair trade practices by Great Britain in the 1780s?

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Explain what an enabling Statute is in administrative law?

enabling legislation is a law passed by congress to specify the name, purposes, functions, and powers of administrative agency- enabling statute is the federal trade commission= act prohibits unfair competition and deceptive trade practices.

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They were unfair and harsh. With high tax rates.

What point of view did congress have about slavery?

that it was unfair and injustice that it shouldn't matter what race you are as long as you are a creature of God

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Representatives from nine colonies met to discuss the problems of unfair taxation. This meeting was called the Stamp Act Congress.

What meeting did colonial representatives meet as a single body to petition the king about unfair taxes?

First Continental Congress. :)

How do you use first continental congress in a sentence?

When the First Continental Congress met in 1774, the members expressed their frustration with King George and his unfair laws.