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US Civil War

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Kody Nienow

Lvl 9
โˆ™ 2021-10-31 18:33:44
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Cards in this guide (29)
Why was it necessary for the confederacy to seek the support of great Britain and France

Because they both had powerful navies that could have relieved the blockade.

What was the effect of the action at Glorieta Pass on the Confederacy's attempt to control the American Southwest

The Confederacy lost at Glorieta Pass and had to walk back to Texas.

* The confederates retreated to Texas and never again threatened union control of the Southwest

How did the public react to the Battle of Shiloh

the public was shocked and horrified by the large number of dead and injured. (novanet)

How did john browns raid impact the national issue of slavery

it increased tentions over the issue of slavery across the united states

Why did president Lincoln reverse general fremont's order to free captured slaves

Lincoln reversed Frémont's order for the following political reason:

1 - when the order was given, the Kentucky was about to decide if secede and join the Confederacy or side with the Union.

2 - The order would have resented the Unionists of important areas of eastern Tennessee and west Virginia.

3 - The order would have contradicted Lincoln's claim stating that the war was being fought to preserve and restore the Union and not to free the slaves.

Novanet- He feared retaliation from the border states, which supported slavery

Why did Robert e lee lead the confederate army into Maryland and the Battle of Antietam

Robert E. lee led his Army of Northern Virginia into Maryland for several reasons:1. He wanted to forestall any Union assault on Richmond. By moving north he would force the Army of the Potomac to abandon any plans for invading Virginia; and

2. Lee also believed that he would have the opportunity to crush the Army of the Potomac and destroy it in detail; and

3. By doing this, the Union would be in chaos and the chances for a peace settlement was possible.

How did congress attempt to resolve the dispute between the north and the south regarding slavery in the territories

To attempt to resolve the dispute between the North and South regarding slavery, Congress convened on December 3, 1849. The result of this convention was the Compromise of 1850.

The Compromise of 1850 allowed the New Mexico and Utah territories to choose, in the future, to become slave states. The South avoided adopting the Wilmot Proviso. A stronger Fugitive Slave Act was passed by Congress.

How did President Abraham Lincoln respond to the Union retreat at the Battle of Bull Run

He called for additional troops.

Where was the first major battle for African American troops in the union army

Port Hudson, Mississippi

What was the result of the assault on fort Wagner by the african american soldiers of the union's 54th massachusetts regiment

They made a brave attack, but it was unsuccessful. The attack was actually made by their whole brigade, so three other regiments also took part. Some of the Union troops, including men of the 54th Massachusetts, actually fought their way inside the Fort for a brief time, but were then forced back out with heavy losses.

Union troops never succeeded in capturing Battery (or Fort) Wagner. Eventually its Rebels garrison was outflanked as Union artillery and troop positions bypassed the Battery and threatened to cut it off. So one dark night the Rebel troops blew up their own Fort and escaped to Charleston.

Which group thought the Emancipation Proclamation was too drastic a step

Congressional Democrats

What advantage did Robert E. Lee offer the confederacy

strong military leadership -novanet

What factors helped the north to produce more arms and supplies than the south

The south generally didn't make as much supplies and arms as the north because the north had the industrial revolution which allowed things to be made faster and cheaper instead of having to have each handmade by a gunsmith. Also, the south around that time were busy growing and selling cotton on large plantations.

What were the south's two main military strategies at the beginning of the war

At the beginning of the US Civil War, the South's two main strategies were to protect the entire Confederacy from Union attacks. In 1862, Confederate President Jefferson Davis, announced that this strategy was not effective and the South did not have enough troops to carry on in that manner. He then explained that the new strategy would be to defend specific and vital parts of the South, thereby using their troop strength more effectively. As another component of this was to take advantage of any opportunities to invade Northern states and thus bring pressure on the North who were insulated from the war's destruction.

What kind of troops formed the 54th Massachusetts Regiment

African American soldiers and a white commanding officer

What role did Stonewall Jackson play at the second battle of bull run

Jackson was successful at outmaneuvering a larger Union force and nearly destroyed it

What statement best describes the anaconda plan

it was the union's strategy to surround and squeeze the confederacy -novanet

Why was the south vulnerable to a blockade by the north

Because the South had no manufacturing industry, so it needed foreign imports. But it also had no Navy to combat the Union blockade.

How did Abraham Lincoln help ensure that border states supported the union

He insisted that his only goal was to save the union, not end slavery

Which confederate military leader actually opposed slavery and secession and turned down an offer to command union forces

That was Robert E. Lee.

Like many senior Virginians, he opposed secession.

Whether he opposed slavery is more doubtful. He had had to take two years' leave to sort out his father-in-law's estate, which included many slaves. The old man had unwisely told them that they would be freed on his death. But they could not be freed until the disposal of the estate had been completed, and they became very rebellious.

Lee decided to make an example of the ringleaders, and his treatment of them was quite brutal, though not abnormal by the standards of the time.

His beliefs about slavery seem to be equivocal, and he has been claimed as a figurehead by both sides of the debate.

How did African Americans on southern plantations help the union cause

They sometimes grew food for the Union army

What did the militia act mandate

That African Americans be accepted into the Union military

Allowed African-Americans to participate as war laborers and soldiers

How did the actions of confederate general Stonewall Jackson at bull run lead to general George b McClellan taking charge of the union

Jackson led a determind stand against the Union army.

How were african americans treated while serving in the union military

*they were assigned the most dangerous tasks.*

What discovery led to George B McClellan's victory over robert E Lee at Antietam

A set of Lee's orders, which had been dropped in the field by a careless Confederate officer.

These orders revealed that Lee's divisions were widely separated, and that McClellan could destroy them, one by one.

Unfortunately for McClellan, there was a Confederate spy in his camp, who was able to alert Lee of what had happened, and Lee was able to concentrate his troops. Still, McClellan's position was favourable, and if he'd moved fast enough, he could still have destroyed Lee's army.

Instead, Lee was able to escape back to Virginia - for which McClellan was finally removed from command.

What battlefield event damaged ulysses s grant's rising military reputation

the deaths of nearly 25,000 Union and Confederate troops at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee.

Why did members of lincoln's cabinet urge him to wait before announcing the emancipation of southern slaves

His colleagues said that this would make it look like a desperate gesture - trying to assert a moral war-mission to take people's minds off defeat. He ought to wait for a Unon victory, in order to carry conviction.

In addition and of great importance was that they did not want Lincoln's emancipation to cause problems in the "Border States" where slavery existed and were not included in the final emancipation issued on January 1, 1863.

Why did Abraham Lincoln withhold troops from general George B. McClellan even as he pushed the general to attack

Lincoln wanted enough troops to remain near Washington DC to defend it from Confederate attack.

McClellan had taken almost all of the Army of the Potomac into Virginia, and as shown later in the war, a determined Southern attack could force a large contingent to hurriedly return to Washington to protect the capital. The capital cities of Richmond and Washington are only about 100 miles apart.

The Emancipation Proclamation freed enslaved people living where

states still in rebellion against the Union after January 1, 1863

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