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Biology

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Geovanny Nader

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βˆ™ 2021-10-31 18:34:25
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Cards in this guide (30)
Who was one of the first scientists to use numbers to look for patterns in experimental data

Gregor Mendel was one of the first scientists to use numbers to look for patterns in experimental data.
Gregor Mendel was one of the first scientists to use number to look for patterns in experimental data.

What unifying theme brought the work of Mendel and Darwin together in the big picture of biology

The discovery of DNA as the genetic material was the unified theme.

What process do scientists use to answer questions about the world for example Redi's experiment with rotting meat

*A+*Scientific Method

What are the protein building structures contained in all cells

Ribosomes are the protein-building structures contained in all cells.
Ribosomes

Who developed the chromosome theory of inheritance

Theodor Boveri and Walter Sutton developed the theory of chromosomal inheritance in 1902. The concept of the theory is that it identifies chromosomes as the carrier of the genetic material. It explains the Laws of Mendelian inheritance. It also states that chromosomes are linear structures with genes located at specific sites along them.

Gregor Mendel was the first doing his pea pod experiments between 1856 and 1863 and publishing his results in 1865. He is known as the father of modern genetics. His theory is called the Mendelian Inheritance, which has the following two fundamental principles:

1 - Law of segregation - two copies of a gene segregate from each other during the transmission from parent to offspring

2- Law of independent assortment - alleles of different genes assort independently of each other during gamete formation

What is formed by groups of cells which work together as organs in organ systems

Groups of cells that work together are called tissues.

Where does the cell theory state that all cells come from

other cells

What did Walter Fleming identify during cell division

chromosomes

What large structure in a plant cell helps it maintain turgor pressure

central vaculoe

The work of which scientist caused controversy that still exists today

Charles Darwin

What term defines questions about what people should do with knowledge in biology that cannot be answered using the scientific method

The subject of bioethics deals with questions about what people ought to do with their knowledge of biology.

Who developed the first known system for classifying living things

Aristotle

What scientific field was created when recombinant DNA was first made in the 1970s

genetic engineering

What five-carbon sugar is found in DNA

deoxyribose

What term describes all the changes that take place during the life of an organism including growth

development

What kinds of organisms were missing from the first classification system

Bacteria are the kinds of organisms that were missing from the first classification system.

What describes the materials and equipment needed and procedures to follow in an experiment

The experimental protocol describes and determines materials, equipment, and procedures.

What word is used to describe knowledge about the universe and the method of obtaining that knowledge

Epistemology is a philosophical idea directed at the theories, nature, sources, and limits of knowledge. Such study would be epistemological studies.
Epistemology describes knowledge about the universe and the method of obtaining that knowledge.
omnipitent means to be all-knowing .... i think that's what you meant .......or astronomy is the study of the universe

Approximately how long do scientists think chemical evolution took

about a billion years.

Getting yourself a snack when you are hungry is an example of which of these

*A+*it's the response to stimuli.

What well known process was important in developing both Mendel's and Darwin's ideas

Artificial Selection.

Which section of a research poster or paper allows other scientists to repeat an experiment

The methods section allows the experiment to be repeated by other scientists.

Suppose you have experimented to test the effects of temperature on seed germination as outlined in the study guide If you do not reject your null hypothesis what conclusion can be reached

temperature does not affect seed germination rate

Which of these can be found in all cells

Protein building structures called ribosomes can be found in all cells.

What are the special structures in the cell membrane that allow materials as water and sugar to pass through made of

Membrane transporter.

Which statements are true of all scientific endeavors

Which statements are true of all scientific endeavors

Based on this diagram what happens if no oxygen is present for cellular respiration

fermentation

What of the following is not a use for transgenic organisms

*A+* production of cloned sheep

What was the source of the microscopic "animalcules" described by Leeuwenhoek

pond water

The virus that causes chicken pox contains DNA. It reproduces inside the cells of living organisms. The virus is not made of cells and does not eat or breathe. Why isn’t the virus considered to be a living thing

it is not made of cells (A+)

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