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Grammar

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Gerda O'Conner

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โˆ™ 2021-10-09 18:34:05
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Cards in this guide (20)
What follows a linking or action verb

WHAT FOLLOWS A LINKING VERB?

A linking verb (known as a copula) is normally followed by either a COMPLEMENT (which may be either a noun or an adjective), or an ADVERBIAL. For example, in He is my father, 'is' is the linking verb and 'my father' is the Complement (noun phrase). Similarly, in David is happy, 'is' is the linking verb and 'happy' is the complement (adjective). As in those examples, the linking verb is most often a form of 'be', although 'become', 'feel', seem' are also commonly used linking verbs. As those examples show, the Complement tells you about the subject, either by renaming it (father) or by describing it (happy). The analysis in both is S-V-C.

The other structure that may follow a linking verb is an Adverbial which typically tells you where the subject is, for example in John is in the garden, 'is' is again the linking verb and the prepositional phrase 'in the garden' an adverbial. This time the sentence would be analysed S-V-A.

WHAT FOLLOWS AN ACTION VERB?

Most verbs are not in fact linking verbs. One type of non-linking verb is the dynamic verb (sometimes called an action verb). Here the subject is actively involved in a specific action, e.g. 'kick, 'run', 'eat'. Often, action verbs require something to complete their meaning, but sometimes they don't. The important thing is to look at how the verb is being used. For example, the verb phrase 'is eating' can be used in three different ways:

1. With an object: in Alan is eating his lunch, 'is eating' is an action verb and 'his lunch' is an object. The sentence is thus analysed as S-V-O. When verbs are used like this with an object they are said to be 'transitive'.

2. Without an object: in Alan is eating, 'is eating' is the action verb, but this time nothing follows the verb. The sentence analysis here is S-V. When verbs are used that way, they are said to be 'intransitive'.

3. With an adverbial: in Alan is eating in the garden, 'is eating' is again the action verb and the prepositional phrase 'in the garden' an adverbial, thus S-V-A.

A linking verb is normally followed by either a predicate noun or a predicate adjective.

Example: He is my father.

IS (linking verb) father (predicate noun).

Thus the Sentence pattern is Subject (He) - Linking Verb (father) - Predicate Noun (father) or S-LV-PN. another

Example: She seems tired.

SEEMS (linking verb) TIRED (predicate adjective).

Thus the sentence pattern is: Subject (She) - Linking Verb (seems) - Predicate Adjective (tired) or S-LV-PA.

It would be good to note that both predicate noun and predicate adjective are considered Subjective Complements (C) So the sentence patterns for both may appear: S-LV-C. On the other hand, an action verb may be followed by a direct object.

Example: John threw a ball .

THREW (action verb) BALL (direct object).

Thus the sentence pattern is Subject (John) - Transitive Verb (threw) - Direct Object (ball) simply put: S-TV-DO

Any living thing in gods creation

According to my beliefs, every living thing is in Gods creation. Every non-living thing too.

Follows a preposition

The object of the preposition follows the preposition.

Who or what the sentence is about

subject
The sentence is about the subject.

What part states what the subject does in a sentence

The verb states what the subject does in a sentence.

Used to show where the exact words of a speaker begin and end

Quotation marks are "used to show where the exact words of a speaker begin and end".

Needed to form possessive nouns and contradictions

Contradictions are not word forms; contradictions are a logical incompatibility between two or more propositions. Perhaps you meant the word form, contractions.

Contractions and possessive nouns use an apostrophe.

A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken words, made by replacing some of the letters with an apostrophe. Examples:

  • The words I am = I'm.
  • The words I will = I'll.
  • The words you are = you're.
  • the words you will = you'll.
  • the words could not = couldn't.
  • the words should not - shouldn't.

To form possessive nouns, an apostrophe s ('s) are added to the end of a word; for some words that already end with an s, just an apostrophe is added after the s at the end of the word. Examples:

  • The shoes of my mother = my mother'sshoes.
  • The leaves of the tree = the tree'sleaves.
  • The trunk of the elephant = the elephant'strunk.
  • The traffic of the city = the city'straffic.
What is nominative object and possessive

the three cases of personal pronouns

The Main Part of a word without and affixes

The main part of a word without any affixes?

What follows a linking action verb

Several types of things can follow a linking action verb. Predicative adjectives and predicate nominatives can follow linking action verbs.

The subject of a sentence my be what part of speech

The subject of a sentence may be what parts of speech?

Do Its and It's have opposite meanings

No. They have different meanings, but not opposite.

What is the possessive form of nouns for the book of Zoe

The possessive form form is: Zoe's book

One hundredth of a metric gram

One hundredth of a gram is 10 milligrams.

What is the personal pronouns have number person and what

Personal pronouns have:

number (singular or plural)

person (first person, second person, third person)

gender (male, female, neuter).

case (subjective, objective, possessive)

The singular personal pronouns are: I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it.

The plural personal pronouns are: we, us, you, they, them.

The first person personal pronouns (the person speaking) are: I, me, we, us.

The second person personal pronouns (the person spoken to) is: you

The third person personal pronouns (the person/thing spoken about) are: he, him, she, her, it, they, them.

The personal pronouns for a male are: he, him.

The personal pronouns for a female are: she, her.

The neuter personal pronoun is: it.

The personal pronouns that can be used for male or female are: I, me, we, us, you.

The personal pronouns that can be used for male, female, or neuter are: they, them.

Sometimes called the simple predicate-

The Verb is sometimes called the simple predicate.

The simple tenses of verbs-

There are three simple tenses of verbs in the English language: past, present and future.

Two or more objects or ideas observed by Their similarities

contrast

Tells more about another noun

Action and

shortness

Brevity

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