The scramble for Africa occured during the height of the European Imperealism. Not only did the untapped resources of the continenent offer gold, diamonds and oil ( and more) as well as the possibilty of colonisation, it also meant more influence and prestrige for that country. Britain and France took the largest portions of lands, followed by Holland, Beligium and other smaller European nations. Germany, established in 1871, gained few colonial possessions in Africa, and as a result held little sway in global affairs. Another reason for the scramble was the belief that the nations of Europe were duty bound to spread Western Civilisation throughout the world.
Of course the British are the best
figure it out stueps
political control lol just got the 100% on the test and that question was correct :)
The city of Berlin, Germany was the site of the Berlin Conference from November, 1884 to February, 1885, during which European countries negotiated colonial boundaries and trade during the "Scramble for Africa" (New Imperialism) that began around 1880.
Portugal began to establish trading posts in Africa in the early 1400s.
During this period of time, industrialized powers such as Great Britain, France, Germany etc. all vied for dominance. Industrialization was the fuel for imperialism. In order to sustain industrialization, vast amounts of resources were needed. Where did many of these resources come from? Africa. Thus the "Scramble for Africa" began. In the Berlin Conference essentially Africa was divided up among the European powers for its resources.
European explorers began to use gunpowder in order to take slaves captive. This was first done on the continent of Africa.
The first arrival of Europeans in Kenya was 1498, by the Portuguese. Permanent settlement by Europeans began with the Berlin Conference in 1885, which subdivided East Africa among the European colonialists.
European countries sent explorers to claim land in the continent. Citizens from these countries then began settling in these colonies.
The European explorers traveled to Africa, where they began a trans-Atlantic slave trade that would bring millions of Africans to the America. Slavery lasted in the U.S. until 1865.
The European explorers traveled to Africa, where they began a trans-Atlantic slave trade that would bring millions of Africans to the America.
Beginning the late 19th century people in European colonies in India, Africa and China began to bristle at outside rule. They fought hard for their independence.