Battle of Vicksburg

The Battle of Vicksburg was a battle in the American Civil War that took place on May 18 – July 4, 1863 in Mississippi.

1,530 Questions
US Civil War
War and Military History
Battle of Vicksburg

How did the successful siege of Vicksburg effect the Union?

Very favorably, but only for Union propaganda purposes. Logistically and militarily, the city had become of little value to the South. Logistics were already established between each half of the South via seaports on the coasts of Mexico and Texas.

It liberated the Mississippi and divided the Confederacy into two halves, isolating all the forces to the west of the river.

It also enabled Grant to go East to the aid of the Army of the Cumberland, and relieve it from starvation and surrender in Chattanooga.

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How did Union forces eventually defeat Vicksburg?

The chief obstacle was how to cross the river unobserved by the commander of the Vicksburg garrison, General John C. Pemberton. Grant achieved this through brilliant deception tactics, ordering a cavalry raid down through the whole length of the state of Mississippi, which distracted Pemberton's attention long enough for him to get the whole army across before Pemberton realised what was happening.

After this, the biggest factor in Grant's favour was the long-running feud between Pemberton's area commander, Joe Johnston, and the Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, whereby Pemberton had to try to follow conflicting orders. Davis had told him to hold Vicksburg at any cost, as it was the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi, while Johnston could see that it was bound to fall, and urged him to evacuate the place and save his army.

In the event, he took part of his army out, in order to bring Grant to battle, but was driven back into his lines, to face a long siege by Grant, which resulted in the inevitable surrender.

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Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Vicksburg

What effect did the Siege of Vicksburg and Gettysburg have on the war?

As president Abraham Lincoln has stated "Vicksburg is the key. The war can never be brought to a close until the key is in our pocket," and now that the key is ours, we are closer to winning the war than ever.

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Battle of Vicksburg

Where was Vicksburg fought?

Vicksburg is in Mississippi.

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History of the United States
Battle of Vicksburg

What was the significance of the Union's victory at Vicksburg MS?

Answer

The South was cut off from the West after the Union was able to take control of the Mississippi River, through this decisive battle.

Perhaps even more significantly, the North was then able to use the Mississippi River as a supply line and made possible the advance known as Sherman's March to the Sea.

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Battle of Vicksburg

What date did the Siege of Vicksburg start and end?

The first assault on Vicksburg began on May 19, 1863. The assault failed so Ulysses S. Grant launched another assault on May 22; this time with his full force. The second assault was also a failure. After two failed attacks Grant lay siege to the city on May 25, 1863. After six painful weeks of fighting and starvation Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton surrendered the fortress of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863.

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Battle of Vicksburg

What was Grant's objective in the Battle of Vicksburg?

To get his army across to the left bank of the Mississippi, unobserved by the garrison commander John C. Pemberton, and bring him to battle in the open country to the East.

He conducted successful deception tactics, ordering a cavalry raid in the interior of the state of Mississippi, which distracted Pemberton long enough for Grant's army to cross the river.

After that, Grant was helped by the conflicting orders that Pemberton was receiving from his area commander and the Confederate President, and managed to drive Pemberton back into his lines, where he besieged him till he surrendered.

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Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Vicksburg

Why was the defeat at Vicksburg a significant loss for the Confederate Army?

It allowed the Union Army to have total control of the Mississippi River.

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US Civil War Battles
Battle of Vicksburg

What was pembertons battle strategy at the Battle of Vicksburg?

The poor fellow never had a chance to implement a strategy.

On the one hand, he was having to react to Grant's strategies, so brilliant that they are still being studied in military academies.

On the other, he was having to cope with conflicting orders - his President, Jefferson Davis, urging him to hold Vickburg at all costs, and his local commander Joe Johnston advising him to abandon the place and save his army. He tried to do a bit of both and came to grief.

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Battle of Vicksburg

Why is the Battle of Vicksburg also called the siege of Vicksburg?

Because Grant pursued the Confederates back into their lines and starved them out.

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Battle of Vicksburg

What were the short term effects of the Battle of Monte Cassino?

It proved a huge boost to the moral of the German Military. A small group of German paratroopers were subjected to some of the worst air bombing and Artilllary bombardment of ww2, and still managed to hold up the allied advance in Southern Italy for over 4 months. The 200 German Paratroopers defeatd 3 separate Campaigns mounted against them. The fourth Attempt finally proved successful. Allied Commanders stated that only the German Paratroopers were capable of such resistance, giving them praise.

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History of the United States
Battle of Vicksburg

Why was the union victory at Vicksburg important?

The Union gained full control of the Mississippi River. and the union had control of food which made the city eat horses, rats and other things to survive then the confederates surrendered and they immediately sent food

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Battle of Vicksburg

What is the history of USS General Bliss troopship?

Tasker H. Bliss (AP-42) was built in 1921 as President Cleveland in 1921 by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Newport News, VA and was owned and operated as a passenger liner by the American President Lines. The steamship was chartered by the Army in July 1941 and renamed Tasker H. Bliss. She was converted for troop use and made five Pacific voyages for the Army before being routed on to Baltimore, Md., where she arrived on 15 August 1942. 1942 At Baltimore, the ship was transferred to the Navy on 19 August 1942; was converted for use as a Navy transport by the Maryland Drydock Co., Baltimore, Md.; and was commissioned on 15 September 1942, Comdr. Gerald L. Schetky in command. Tasker H. Bliss arrived at Norfolk on 22 September and joined Task Force 34. After loading troops and equipment to participate in Operation "Torch," the invasion of North Africa, the ships of the task force sailed on 24 and 25 October for the coast of Morocco. Tasker H. Bliss was assigned to Task Group 34.9, Center Attack Group, and arrived off Fedhala, Morocco, on 8 November. On the evening of 12 November, she was riding at anchor in Fedhala Roads when the. German submarine U-130 slipped in among the ships and fired five torpedoes at three transports. All torpedoes hit their targets, and they burst into flames. The victims were Edward Rutledge (AP-52), Hugh ,L. Scott (AP-43), and Tasker H. Bliss. All were abandoned and the first two sank shortly; but Tasker H. Bliss burned until 0230 the next morning and then sank. She was struck from the Navy list on 7 December 1942.

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US Civil War
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Vicksburg

Why were the battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg the turning points in the US Civil War?

Northern victories that served as turning points in the war.

The Gettysburg and Vicksburg were the turning points in the US Civil War because during these battles, the Confederate Army lost most men and also lost control over their last fort around the Mississippi River which caused the Confederate states to be completely divided into two.

Vicksburg liberated the Mississippi, ended the war in the West, and enabled Grant to go to the rescue of the Army of the Cumberland in Chattanooga.

Gettysburg ended Lee's hopes of invading the North, and rendered his army incapable of effective action for many months. The loss for the South at Gettysburg meant an early retreat for the Army of Northern Virginia back to Virginia. Lee's purpose was a successful raid on Harrisburg Pennsylvania, the capital of that state. Because it was so far away from safe haven, Virginia, Lee would have had to return to Virginia.

The Battle at Gettysburg, however, made the raid unsuccessful, plus Lee lost valuable troops.

In strictly military terms, the Union was not bound to win after this. But there was always the chance that Lincoln might have been voted out in the 1864 election, and that could have meant a compromise peace, with the South keeping its independence.

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Did the Battle of Antietam have another name?

Battle of Sharpsburg, most Civil War Battles had two names one by the North and one by the South. The south called them by the towns near by. The north named battles for the closest body of water.

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Where did the Battle of Vicksburg take place?

On July 1, 1863, the Confederate fortress city of Vicksburg surrendered after a long siege. However, from 1861-2 onwards, the city had been assaulted several times and was able to survive.

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Battle of Vicksburg

Who won the battle of Vicksburg?

Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton surrendered the Vicksburg fortress after more than six painful weeks of fighting and starvation.

The Union won The siege of Vicksburg.

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Battle of Vicksburg

Why was the capture of Vicksburg Mississippi by the Union troops significant?

The fall of Confederate stronghold, Vicksburg was a significant event in the US Civil War. It ended Vicksburg role for supplying the Confederacy with arms and food. It also ended the hold Vicksburg had in controlling that part of the Mississippi River.

Vicksburg had been the conduit of receiving food from west of the Mississippi and by rail, shipping it to the Confederacy. It also was a Union victory that encouraged support from Northerners who were coming to believe that the war would be an endless struggle with the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives.
The capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi was significant because it meant that Union troops controlled the major Mississippi River ports. Although Union gunboats had full use of the river, Union cargo vessels were constantly under attack by Rebels hiding on the river's shorelines.

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US Civil War
War and Military History
Battle of Vicksburg

Who were the important people in the Siege of Vicksburg?

General John C. Pemberton, commander of the Vicksburg garrison, last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi.

Joseph E. Johnston, overall Confederate commander in the West.

Ulysses Grant, Union General charged with capturing Vicksburg.

W.T.Sherman, Grant's supporter and close friend.

John McClernand, a politician in uniform who had got secret permission from Lincoln to raise a private army and proceed down the Mississippi to take Vicksburg.

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Battle of Vicksburg

What did the union do during Battle of Vicksburg?

Managed to cross to the East bank of the Mississippi and besiege the Confederates in Vicksburg until they starved them out.

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US Civil War
History of the United States
Battle of Vicksburg

What did the Union Army do to the city of Vicksburg during the Battle of Vicksburg?

Approached it with extreme difficulty from the West bank of the Mississippi.

Managed to cross the river downstream unobserved, by distracting the garrison commander, Pemberton, with a cavalry raid.

Fought Pemberton in the open country to the East, and drove him back into his lines.

Besieged the town and attacked its fortifications - often shouting a warning to Johnny Reb to get his head down!

Starved it out, and took the surrender on the Fourth of July, paroling 30,000 prisoners, to the immense gratitude of the town, which actually held a memorial service for Grant when he died - unheard-of in the Deep South.

It was a mighty long time before they next celebrated the Fourth of July, however!

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US Civil War
History of the United States
Battle of Vicksburg

What two unexpected events brought grant's campaign against Vicksburg to a halt?

oh, you know

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US Civil War
War and Military History
Battle of Vicksburg

What was the Vicksburg Campaign?

The Vicksburg campaign is properly labeled a campaign inasmuch it was not a single battle. The North had made several attempts to capture the Southern city fortress of Vicksburg. The city could not be beaten in battle and eventually only a siege could starve the Confederates out and they surrendered on July 4, 1863. Militarily and logistically the city was less important to the South then the North understood. In early 1862 the South basically in their minds conceded its loss. The Union's failure at capturing the city and the amount of troops required helped the South. The Confederate's west and east had long lost touch via Vicksburg. When it fell, Mississippi River cargo traffic was low and the truth is that without Vicksburg the South still could have won its independence.

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Battle of Vicksburg

Who were the generals of the Battle of Vicksburg?

Union: General Ulysses S. Grant

Confederate: General John C. Pemberton

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Battle of Vicksburg

What was the key to control the Mississippi River captured by General US Grant on July 4 1863?

When Vicksburg surrendered to Union General US Grant after a terrible siege, the capture of Vicksburg was the last remaining power place the South had on the Mississippi. It allowed access from New Orleans to St. Louis without having to dodge cannon fire from Vicksburg. Cargo and military gunboats however, were subject to random attacks from the banks of the river and from torpedoes planted as bombs.

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