US Civil War
War and Military History
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Vicksburg
Battle of Shiloh
History of the United States
First Battle of Bull Run
US Civil War Generals
History, Politics & Society
Battle of Chancellorsville
US Civil War Battles
Ask questions here about the hundreds of battles that occurred between the Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865.
What side was the confederate army on north or south?
The Confederates were the south. The Union were the north.
Was Pennsylvania part of the Union or the Confederacy?
The Union - very much so. Pennsylvania had a strong free-soil tradition, and its border with slave-owning Maryland was the Mason-Dixon line that separated North from South. Lee placed a high priority on invading Pennsylvania, both for strategic and symbolic reasons. When he twice failed in this, at Antietam and then Gettysburg, he would shake his first at the sky. "Even the skies are against me in Pennsylvania!" he wailed. ...
In which state were the most US Civil War battles fought?
Virginia with more than a 100 or maybe more than 200 battles! It was the home to a lot of Civil War battles because of it's place. It is right between the North and South (Union and Confederacy) therefore is an easy battle area. The first battle, the battle of Bull Run, was fought in Virginia, although, the last battle was not. Virginia had seceded from the Union later than most states, mainly because there were a lot of debating. Virginia...
Why did Civil War generals use Napoleon Bonaparte's famous military strategies?
At the time Napoleonic tactics were a widespread and accepted military doctrine in many military institutions around the world and Napoleon's campaigns had widespread influence on the western world. These tactics were feverishly taught at West Point where a majority of the American generals were taught. So much so that students were required to learn French to be able to translate the reading material given to them on Napoleon. You also have to understand that for over 20 years Napoleon and his...
How did General Pope manage to convince himself that Jackson's forces advancing on his flank were in fact retreating at the Second Battle of Manassas?
Prior to the US Civil War Battle of the Second Bull Run, Major General Pope was not facing the retreating Confederate General Stonewall Jackson. Pope's frontal assault against Jackson failed because Pope was facing veteran Rebel troops and the superior general, Stonewall Jackson, who fought off Pope's army from a tactical defensive position. ...
What two modes of transport were fought for control over in the US Civil War?
The Union sought control over rivers that were located in the South. By doing so, it curtailed Confederate use of these rivers to transport soldiers and supplies. The Union wanted to also use these rivers for the same purpose and aid their invasions of enemy territories. Railroads were also used for the same purposes. So they were areas of contention. Now, also the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean, both on the coast states of the Confederacy, were used to transfer...
Why was the Battle of Stone's River an important battle of the US Civil War?
The US Civil War Battle of Stone's River was important in several ways. The first element of this battle to consider was the high number of casualties that were suffered on both sides. The three day battle was also noteworthy in that Confederate General Braxton Bragg had no qualms about being the aggressor and initiated a strong assault on December 31, 1862. Further more it displayed an element that is seldom given credit in historical accounts in the war, namely artillery. The...
What were the goals of the North and South in the Civil War?
The South had only to avoid losing the war. The North had to conquer as much of the South as was necessary to put down the insurgency, which turned out to be quite a lot of it. The constitution has a clause that states that any rights not granted by the states to the federal government are reserved for the states. There is no language that I'm aware of that grants states the right to secede; the issue is not addressed in...
Where was the first battle of the Civil War?
Fort Sumter then First Battle of Bull Run There are varying opinions on what qualifies as the first battle of the Civil War. Fort Sumter was the first conflict and it led to the Civil War. But the First Battle of Bull Run was the first major land battle of the Civil War. ...
What was the Union's three part strategy for winning the Civil War?
1. capture the Mississippi river. 2.Blockade the southern ports. 3. Capture Richmond Virginia. This was known as the Anaconda plan (because it was supposed to strangle the confederacy!) The Anaconda plan was rejected as it would take too long. Later, certain aspects of Anaconda would be installed. Little credit was given to Winfield Scott's original Anaconda plan. ...
Who were some of the military leaders in the Civil War?
General Ulysses S. Grant (union) -also became a US President General Robert E. Lee (rebel) General Stonewall Jackson (rebel) 1.GRANT 2.LEE 3.SHERMAN There were many leaders on both sides of the war. The top two leaders were Ulysses S. Grant (Union) and Robert E. Lee (Confederate). Some other significant leaders include Stonewall Jackson (Confederate), Sherman(Union), Chamberlin (Union), and others. In November, 1861 George McClellan, who was only 34 years old, was made commander in chief of the Union Army. Lincoln appointed "Fighting Joe"...
Who fought during the Civil War?
The eleven Southern states which were attempting to secede from the union and form the Confederate States of America on one side and the rest of the United States on the other. Michael Montagne the 11 southern states and the northern states. the south was trying to secede from the union. (who ever ed that ^ up there, needs to learn how to spell, people use this for s that we expect to be spelt right. please check your spelling first. thanks!) The eleven Southern...
What Southern officers fought with the Union during the Civil War?
There were many Southern / Northern crossings. One general fought with the North and changed sides to the South! One big name was General Thomas of Virginia who fought with the North. For the South, look no further than the Northerner Pemberton who surrendered Vicksburg to Grant. David Farragut was also a Southerner who fought for the North. His state escapes me, but he won the battle of Mobile Bay, and during that battle, it was he who said "Damn the torpedos....
Why was the battle of Fort Sumter important?
The Battle that forced the surrender of Fort Sumter in April of 1861 was of significant importance for both sides in the conflict that lay ahead. Up until that point, the Confederacy had simply taken over with no conflict various Federal post offices and small garrison of Federal troops. The lack of violence did not whip up in the North any strong desire to now make a fight of what many believed would be a settled situation once cooler heads in...
What were the names of the first two ironclad ships to engage in battle during the US Civil War in 1862?
At the Battle of Hampton Roads in 1862, the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia engaged in the first battle of ironclads. Although a technical draw, the Virginia had to return to dock for repairs. Its earlier assaults on wooden Union warships would not be repeated. ...
Why did the US Civil War last so long?
The US Civil War lasted too long. This was due to an almost total mismanagement of the war by the Union. Political interference along with not calling up another 500,000 troops before the end of 1862 was a glaring error. These troops would have been available as in February of 1864, for example, Lincoln called for 500,000 more troops within 6 weeks. ...
What was the Union's three part plan for winning the US Civil War?
The Union's plans to end the Southern rebellion were altered often and were complex at various times during the war.It is clear that the Union wished to control the Mississippi River and blockade Southern ports. This plan however did not truly effect the outcome of the war in that the Southern ports were difficult to blockade and control of the Mississippi River did not force the surrender of the Confederates. Gaining control of the Rebel capital of Richmond was one of the first...
Asked in US Civil War Battles
Was R.S. Garnett a union soldier?
R.S. Garnett was Robert Selden Garnett and he was a Confederate general and he was the first Confederate general killed during the Civil War. His cousin, Richard Brooke Garnett was killed during Pickett's Charge on July 3, 1863. ...
Who won the Battle of Fort Sumter?
The newly-formed Confederate States of America's first general officer, Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard, led the forces (estimated to be 500) who relentlessly bombarded the significantly outgunned union forces (85 men) under U.S. Major Robert Anderson, beginning the siege at 4:30 a.m on April 12, 1861, and ending 34 hours later. President Abraham Lincoln immediately called for 75,000 volunteers to step up and suppress the rebellion, which prompted four southern slave states to join the Confederacy. The Confederates won The Confederates under the command of...
Where was the first battle of the US Civil War fought in South Carolina?
The first armed conflict that soon led to the US Civil War was the Confederate bombardment of the Federal Fort Sumter in the Charleston harbor. The fort surrendered and President Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to serve three months to end the rebellion. ...
Who won the battle of kings mountain?
The Battle of Kings Mountain, on 7th October 1780, was an important Patriot victory in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. Frontier militia overwhelmed the loyalist militia led by British Major Patrick Ferguson. Answer The Americans won the Battle of King Mountain....