Women in History

Ask questions here about famous women in history and the history of women's rights.

5,598 Questions
Women in History

Any women in history or mythology named Zephaniah?

No, but there is a man known in the Old Testament and Jewish Tanakh.

"Zephaniah son of Cushi son of Gedaliah son of Amariah son of Hezekiah, in the days of King Josiah son of Amon of Judah

US Supreme Court
Women in History
Sandra Day O'Connor

Does Sandra Day O'Connor have grandchildren?

yes she has atleast two with the names keely and Adam

Famous People
French Revolution
Women in History
Marie Antoinette

What was Marie Antoinette accused of?

In modern terms it can be said that they threw the book at her. She was charged with conspiracy to murder the Duke of Orleans, sending million to Austria, organizing and participating in orgies at Versailles, incest, declaring her son to be the King of France and the murder of the Swiss Guards, The trial was a travesty of justice and what would be called today a Kangaroo Court. She was found guilty of treason.

Women in History

Famous women knights?

Joan of Arc ( by far the best known), Isabel De Montfort- a crossbow sniper of about the same period, There was a female knight who was a companion of Charlemagne and in fact sadly died in the field in ad. 778 a name like Bradenton or someting like that. This was a pre-Joan girl knight. Queen Isabella I of Spain certainly qualified and she had custom made armor worn in the field with a small crown over the cloche or helmet lining. I can:"t think of the precise name of the Charlemagne period Girl Knight except something vaguely like Bradenton or Bradey-something. She died in the field and my guess somewhere there is a monument to her courageous deeds. moving further afield there are rumors of Amazon Girl Knights in Northern Italy in the latter l400"s and these Gals were tall. Good luck. some day- as like their male counterparts if they died int he field- were buried in their armor- some Girl Knight will surface- and let us hope the museums, etc handle this the right way.


The girl knight refered to above might have been Fastrada, who fought as a Saxon warrior against Charlemagne and later became Charlemagne's third (or possibly fourth) wife. It seems there were, however, a large number of Saxon women who were warriors, and so maybe it was a different person.

History of the Middle East
History of India
Women in History

How old was the queen of jhansi when she died?

Despite her having been one of the leaders of the resistance, she was only 22 when she died.

Women in History
Women's Suffrage

Why did men exercise absolute tyranny over women?

You should try reading The Seneca Falls Declaration. It gives a really good portrayal of how men abused and subjugated women in the past (and sometimes the present as well for all you angry trollers).

History of the United States
Women in History

Who was the first successful woman architect?

Julia Morgan

Famous People
US Supreme Court
Women in History
Sandra Day O'Connor

Who was the first woman appointed to the US Supreme Court?

Sandra Day O'Connor

Ronald Reagan nominated the first female member of the US Supreme Court, Sandra Day O'Connor, in 1981. She was sworn in on September 25, 1981, and retired in 2006.
sandra day o' corner

Anne Frank
Books and Literature
Women in History

What was the revenge of Ann Putnam based upon?

Her revenge is based upon how Rebecca Nurse delivered all eight of her children, and only one survived. Mrs. Putnam thinks that Goody Nurse is a witch and killed the children on purpose.

Christopher Columbus
Women in History

Did Columbus sleep with Queen Isabella?

We have no record that he did, and since she was a religious fanatic it is hard for me to imagine that he did.

I believe that he was like most explorers a great flatterer and told her what she wanted to hear, so that she would finance his trips. That however, does not detract from the fact that he was a great explorer

Decade - 1920s
Women in History

What were the main political ideas of the 1920s?

The major political idea tested during the 1920s was that of National Prohibition.

Germany in WW2
Women in History

What happened to the women during the Holocaust?

Women and men were separated when they first arrived at the concentration camps. If children were old enough to work, they often were allowed to stay with a parent and were forced to work. If they were too young to work, they were often sent to be gassed. Women, if found strong or suitable enough, were often sent to work in factories. Older women that were not seen as physically capable for doing work were gassed.

History of England
Women in History

How did people test for witches in the seventeenth century?

I think people strapped the person who was being accused to a chair. Then, the people who were accusing the "witch" would put the chair underwater for long periods of time. Then the chair would be brought up from the water. If the "witch" was dead, then it would turn out that the person wasn't a witch. If the person survived, he/she would probably be hanged or stoned to death because they were a witch and did witchcraft. If you look up "Salem Witchcraft" or something like that, I'm sure you'll find something. Hope this helped!

Catherine the Great
Women in History

What philosopher did Catherine the Great admire?

montesquieu, voltaire, diderot

Women in History

Who is the first woman president of Turosko?

Cat Omonga Holliday II

Famous People
Women in History

Who are the famous women in Asia?

Erika Sawajiri is one of them.

Women in History
Women's Suffrage

Where did Emily davison live?

Emily Davison was born in London. She lived in a number of places, including Birmingham, Sussex and Berkshire. She had stays in prison in Manchester and London. She hid in the Parliament building overnight during the census of 1911 so she could claim to live there, and this was recorded on census documents. It is likely that the places listed here are just a representative few.

Women in History

Who was the first women prime minister?

It was Sirimavo Bandaranaike. She was the prime minister of Sri Lanka three times beginning in 1960. She became prime minister after the assassination of her husband, Solomon Bandaranaike.

She was followed by:

Indira Gandhi,

Prime minister of India from 19 Jan 1966 to 24 Mar 1977, and from 14 Jan 1980 to 31 Oct 1984

Golda Meir, Prime minister of Israel from 17 Mar 1969 to 3 Jun 1974.

Elisabeth Domitien,

Prime minister of the Central African Republic from 3 Jan 1975 to 7 Apr 1976

Margaret Thatcher,

Prime minister of the United Kingdom from 4 May 1979 to 28 Nov 1990

Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo,

Prime minister of Portugal from 1 Aug 1979 to 3 Jan 1980

Mary Eugenia Charles,

Prime minister of Dominica from 21 Jul 1980 to 14 Jun 1995

Gro Harlem Brundtland,

Prime minister of Norway from 4 Feb to 14 Oct 1981, from 9 May 1986 to 16 Oct 1989,

and from 3 Nov 1990 to 25 Oct 1996

Milka Planinc,

Federal prime minister of the former Socialist Yugoslavia from 16 May 1982 to 15 May 1986

Benazir Bhutto,

Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2 Dec 1988 to 6 Aug 1990, and again from 19 Oct 1993 to 5 Nov 1996

Kazimiera Prunskiene,

Prime minister of Lithuania from 17 Mar 1990 to 10 Jan 1991

Khaleda Zia,

Prime minister of Bangladesh from 20 Mar 1991 to 30 Mar 1996, and from 10 Oct 2001 to 29 Oct 2006

Edith Cresson, Prime minister of France from 15 May 1991 to 2 Apr 1992

Hanna Suchocka, Prime minister of Poland from 8 Jul 1992 to 26 Oct 1993

Kim Campbell, Prime minister of Canada from 25 Jun to 5 Nov 1993

Tansu Çiller, Prime minister of Turkey from 25 Jun 1993 to 7 Mar 1996

Sylvie Kinigi, Prime minister of Burundi from 10 Jul 1993 to 11 Feb 1994

Agathe Uwilingiyimana,

Prime minister of Rwanda from 18 Jul 1993 to her killing on 7 Apr 1994

Chandrika Kumaratunga, Prime minister of Sri Lanka from 19 Aug to Nov 1994

Reneta Indzhova, Interim prime minister of Bulgaria from 16 Oct 1994 to 25 Jan 1995

Claudette Werleigh, Prime minister of Haiti from 7 Nov 1995 to 27 Feb 1996

Sheikh Hasina Wajed,

Prime minister of Bangladesh from 23 Jun 1996 to 15 Jul 2001, and since 6 Jan 2009

Janet Jagan, Prime minister of Guyana from 17 Mar 1997 to December 19, 1997

Jenny Shipley, Prime minister of New Zealand from 8 Dec 1997 to 10 Dec 1999

Irena Degutiene,

Acting prime minister of Lithuania from 4 to 18 May 1999, and from 27 Oct to 3 Nov 1999

Nyam-Osoriyn Tuyaa, Acting prime minister of Mongolia from 22 to 30 Jul 1999

Helen Elizabeth Clark, Prime minister of New Zealand from 10 Dec 1999 to 19 Nov 2008

Mame Madior Boye, Prime minister of Senegal from 3 Mar 2001 to 4 Nov 2002

Chang Sang,

Acting Prime minister of South Korea in 2002, from 11 Jul by appointment of president Kim Dae Jung,

to 31 Jul when the Parliament rejected her

Maria das Neves Ceita Baptista de Sousa,

Prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 7 Oct 2002 to 16 Jul 2003

Anneli Tuulikki Jäätteenmäki,

Prime minister of Finland from 17 Apr to 24 Jun 2003

Beatriz Merino Lucero, Prime minister of Peru from 28 Jun to 15 Dec 2003

Luísa Dias Diogo, Prime minister of Mozambique from 17 Feb 2004 to 18 Jan 2010

Radmila Sekerinska,

Acting prime minister of Macedonia twice in 2004, from 12 May to 12 Jun,

and from 18 Nov to 17 Dec

Yuliya Tymoshenko,

Prime minister of Ukraine from 24 Jan to 8 Sep 2005, and from 18 Dec 2007 to 3 Mar 2010

Maria do Carmo Silveira,

Prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 8 Jun 2005 to 21 Apr 2006

Angela Merkel, Federal Chancellor of Germany from 22 Nov 2005

Portia Simpson-Miller, Prime Minister of Jamaica from 30 Mar 2006 to 11 Sep 2007

Han Myung Sook, Prime minister of South Korea from 19 Apr 2006 to 7 Mar 2007

Zinaida Greceanii, Prime minister of Moldova from 31 Mar 2008 to 14 Sep 2009

Michèle Pierre-Louis, Prime minister of Haiti from 5 Sep 2008 to 11 Nov 2009

Jóhanna Sigurdardóttir, Prime minister of Iceland since 1 Feb 2009

Jadranka Kosor, Prime minister of Croatia since 6 Jul 2009

Cécile Manorohanta, Prime minister of Madagascar from 18 to 20 Dec 2009

Roza Otunbayeva,

Head of the interim Government of Kyrgyzstan from 7 Apr to 19 May 2010,

then interim president of the Republic

Kamla Persad-Bissessar, Prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago since 26 May 2010

Mari Kiviniemi, Prime minister of Finland from 22 Jun 2010 to 22 Jun 2011

Julia Gillard, Prime minister of Australia since 24 Jun 2010

Iveta Radicová, Prime minister of Slovakia since 8 Jul 2010

Rosario Fernández Figueroa, Prime minister of Peru from 19 Mar 2011 to 28 Jul 2011

Cissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé, Prime minister of Mali from 3 Apr 2011

Yingluck Shinawatra, Prime minister of Thailand from 8 Aug 2011.

Edgar Allan Poe
Women in History

What happened to Poe in regard to his first love?


Drama and Acting
Actors & Actresses
Women in History

Who was the first woman actor?

This is probably one of those questions we will never know a facit to.

We can possibly find out who was the first woman actor on film, but this is not the question.

In the olden days the work of an Actor was considered only for men.

Men dressed up as women if there was or should be a woman in the play.

I am sure some woman did perform in plays even at that time but they did risk punishment for it.

People all over the world have made plays throughout time.

Gypsys who travelled and some still travels a lot have made plays for kids and adults to enjoy. We do not have timestamps on all these actors and actresses.


History of England
Women in History

How do you find information on marriage matchmakers in 16th century England?

In general marriages were arranged by parents. They would marry off their daughters to wealthy men, so the family and its connections were strengthened.

Women in History

What social rights did Roman women have?

Middle Ages
Women in History

What did medieval women do?

1st Answer:

Women had no rights and were not treated very well. The peasant woman would take care of the children, cook the meals, help plant the crops, help reap the crops, carry the water, make the tallow candles, feed the animals, try to stay warm and dry. Some became nuns and spent their lives in a nunnery. Many women were abused and mistreated.

2nd Answer:

it depends on the class. if they where noble-women then they would basically sit around like a trophy wife.but if they were serfs then they would work along side the family "making clothes, milking cows" cooking meals... all though not hunting so much...(not only was it a mans thing, but it was a nodelmans thing)

3rd Answer:

Medieval women did many of the same things medieval men did, though they did spend more time than the men working in their homes and with their children. Of course, since most people were peasants, most medieval women worked on farms.

Other medieval women worked in textile, clothing, service, and food industries, as we would imagine. But women did many things we would not so easily guess. I recently read a paper on the construction of a church in France where the majority of the workers, including carpenters and masons, were women. Some of these were masters of their trades.

In the essay, "Women in the Medieval Guilds," Saunders lists the following professions women were known to have worked in: "brewer, laundress, barrel and crate maker, soap boiler, candle maker, book binder, doll painter, butcher, keeper of town keys, tax collector, shepherd, musician, rope maker, banker, money lender, inn keeper, spice seller, pie seller, woad trader, wine merchant, steel merchant, copper importer, currency exchanger, pawn shop owner, lake and river fisherwoman, baker, oil presser, builder, mason, plasterer, cartwright, wood turner, clay and lime worker, glazier, ore miner, silver miner, book illuminator, scribe, teacher, office manager, clerk, court assessor, customs officer, porter, tower guard, prison caretaker, surgeon and midwife." According to the Wikipedia article, "Horses in the Middel Ages," women also worked as farriers and saddle makers. (links below)

There were a number of women who were musicians. There was even a medieval word, trobairitz, which meant female troubadour. The list of women we know of who were troubadours is fairly long, and many of their lives were documented to some extent.

A surprising number of women were soldiers. This was true throughout the Middle Ages. In the Early Middle Ages, there were nations, such as the Saxons, in which it was common for women to go into combat. Fastrada, a Saxon soldier in a war against Charlemagne, later married him, and they had two daughters. But there were many others.

Of course, most women married. The laws pertaining to marriage varied widely from place to place and from time to time. While the Church concerned itself with sins and morality, including the sin of adultery, it seems not to have concerned itself with the actual marriage, and medieval marriages only included Church ceremonies for wealthy people, nobility, and royalty. Arranged marriages, which were common where there was a lot of money or power involved, were different for the common people. They were probably common family functions in some place, but were clearly unheard of for most of the people in others. Poorer medieval women usually married after they had saved money for dowries, to establish their households, and this was usually when they were 25 or older in many places, according to what records we have. In many places, women were allowed to choose their own partners if they had achieve majority.

The property laws pertaining to married couples were also highly varied. Some medieval women clearly were allowed to retain their own property, and others were not. Eleanor of Aquitaine retained her titles and lands when she married and was divorced from King Louis VII, and when she married Henry II, she remained in control, actually to the point of using her income from Aquitaine to support the rebellions of her sons against her husband. In England, women lost their property when they married in the 13th century, but regained title, though not necessarily use, of the land in the 14th century.

It was a pattern in medieval life that married couples worked together. Men did not want their families to suffer poverty when they died, so guilds often had provisions for women members. This way, widows and daughters of members could continue family businesses and pass them to their children. In some cases, women could join guilds on their own, independently. And although many guilds were closed to women, there were also guilds that were closed to men; the silk and textile guilds of Paris and Cologne were for women only.

Interesting medieval women included the following:

  • Sabina von Steinbach was a stonemason and sculptor. She was the daughter of an architect. I have seen no suggestion she was ever married. Some people have said she took over her father's contract when he died, and completed Strasbourg Cathedral.
  • Margery Kempe spent her later life going on one pilgrimage after another, becoming one of the greatest travellers of her age. She was the author of, The Book of Margery Kempe, which is said to be the first autobiography ever written in English. She was the daughter of a struggling merchant, wife of an ordinary man, and mother a number of children. Though she was clearly literate, she referred to herself as "unlettered." I wonder how many other medieval women were similarly "unlettered."
  • Ethelfleda was a daughter of King Alfred the Great. She was highly literate and considered an expert in military affairs. She married a king of Mercia and seems to have run the country for him. When he died, she maintained her control of the throne, ruling from 911 to 918 AD. She enlarged Mercia by taking lands from the Vikings, and was a formidable military leader other areas of England wanted to join forces with.
  • Christine de Pizan was a professional writer, who supported her mother, her niece, and her three children by writing poetry. She also wrote essays criticising the portrayal of women in literature and commentaries on the position of women in society. She gave revealing advice that aristocratic women: "know the laws of arms and all things pertaining to warfare, [and be] ever prepared to command her men if there is need of it."
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine was a duchess, and controlled about a third of France. She went on a crusade as the head of a company of women warriors. She also married two kings, Louis VII of France and Henry II of England. She ruled England as regent for a number of years, while her son, Richard I, was on crusade.
  • Margaret I of Denmark was a monarch who ruled Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Iceland. She did this despite the fact that Denmark had a law against female monarchs. The thing that made this possible was that the nobility recognized her outstanding abilities and gave her their support. When the "rightful" heir sent an army to take her off the throne, her own army defeated it soundly.
  • Joan of Arc, a peasant girl, was given control of the French army when she was seventeen years old. During the course of a very short time, she turned the tide of a war France had been losing badly.
  • The women of Tortosa, a city in Aragon, fought in a battle there when an enemy army beseiged the city while their men were off fighting elsewhere. They dressed in mens' clothes, armed themselves with hatchets and any other weapons they could find, and attacked their enemy under cover of darkness, driving it away. The knightly Order of the Hatchet, open only to women, was created because of this, and the women were all made knights, with all the rights and honor that entailed.
  • Many women were involved in health and health care. There were many midwives. One woman who stands above the rest, however (and I am including men here), was Trotula of Salerno, who wrote the most important books of her time on women's health. She also wrote a book on cosmetics.
  • Katarina Vilioni travelled to China. It seems she was involved in trade on the Silk Road. She died in China and was buried there.
  • It is recorded that continental Saxon women of the Early Middle Ages fought in battle barebreasted. After Charlemagne defeated the Saxons and made them part of his empire, he married a Saxon woman named Fastrada, who had been a soldier and fought against him.
  • And yes, a fair number of women became nuns. Hildegard of Bingen was a nun who wrote important books on medicine and medicinal herbs, composed music we can still perform, because it is in notation we can still read, wrote treatises on religion, and corresponded with kings and emperors.

It is probably worth noting that of the ten famous medieval women mentioned above, six were of common rank.

There are links below for more information.
Women in mediveal times they work pretty hard. The great marjority of them were peasants. Some of these stayed on the farm got married raised there children cooked and open fires in the middle of the dirt floor of their cottages. so of them worked with their husband on the fields.others worked for themseleves or for bussinesses, operating looms and spinning wheels, finishing fabrics and sewing.others took in laundary. these are just a few ideas of what some of the women do in mediveal times.

Middle Ages
Women in History

Who were Noble Medieval women betrothed to?

Most often women of the nobility were betrothed to be married to men of the nobility. Sometimes they were betrothed to be married to men of royalty. And there were even times when they secretly married commoners, the marriage of Queen Catherine of Valois to Owen Tudor being an example.

Please see the links below for more.

Vietnam War
Women in History

Dia chi nao co hinh nguoi mau ao tam Vietnam trung quoc?



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