answersLogoWhite

Monarchy

Monarchy is a form of government in which all political power is vested in a monarch, usually a king or a queen. The monarch rules the nation, and acts as the head of state until his/her death or abdication.

24,619 Questions
History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

How many wives did King Henry the 8th have?

King Henry VIII was the youngest son of two who succeeded his brother, Prince Arthur, the Prince of Wales, who died at a premature age at fifteen, shortly after his marriage to his wife, Catherine of Aragon, the Princess of Spain. Henry VIII had a great fear of leaving England without an heir so his desperate hunt for a wife who could give him a wife resulted in him having six wives.

His six wives (in order) as are follows:

Catherine of Aragon. Princess Catherine of Aragon was the youngest child of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. She had powerful connections to power in Spain, seeing as her nephew was Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor. After twenty-four years of marriage, Henry VIII had their marriage annulled set off a chain of events that led to England's break with the Roman Catholic Church. When Henry was the head of the Church of England, he made his first marriage invalid on the legal ground that a man could not sleep with his brother's widow.

Anne Boleyn. Anne Boleyn was part of one of the most powerful and most influential families at the time - the Boleyns and Howards. Anne was the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and Lady Elizabeth Howard. As a child, Anne was sent to the Netherlands and then to France for her education. She returned to England in late 1521. Upon her appearance in court, Henry VIII became enamoured of Anne and began to pursue her - Anned parried his advances and told him that she would not become his mistress, but his wife. And it was because of this that Henry VIII annulled his marriage to Catherine of Aragon in order to marry Anne. When Pope Clement VII did not approve of this annulment, the rift between King Henry VIII and the Roman Catholic Church began. It was along and hard struggle to make Anne queen, but on the first of June in 1533, Anne was crowned the Queen of England. Later that year, she gave birth to a girl that would later become Queen Elizabeth I of England. And like Catherine of Aragon, she failed to produce a living male heir, which proved her downfall - she was beheaded in 1536 on the unconvincing charges of adultery (with the other gentlemen that visited her rooms), incest (with her brother, George Boleyn), and high treason. The men also accused of having sex with the queen, among them her own brother, were also beheaded.

Jane Seymour. Jane Seymour was the third queen and wife of King Henry VIII. He married her shortly after the death of Anne Boleyn. There were no conflicts between the king and his new queen, and Jane Seymour managed to produce a male heir, who would later become King Edward VI, who later died prematurely from tuberculosis, but there were some complications in the birth and she died on childbed due to postnatal complications.

Anne of Cleves. Anne of Cleves was the fourth wife of Henry VIII. She was the second daughter of John III, ruler of the Duchy of Cleves, and his wife, Maria, the Duchess of Julich-Berg. Her father died in 1538 and her brother William became the Duke of Julich-Cleve-Berg. It was an alliance with the King of England, King Henry VIII, and Germany that caused their marriage - it was also urged onto him by King Henry's chancelor, Thomas Cromwell. Anne also had a younger sister, Amelia, whom the king was also considering to be his fourth wife. He hired and sent a painter to the girls' home and instructed the painter to paint the girls as accurate as possible and not to flatter them, becase he wanted to see what they looked like. Anne had almost no education in her childhood, though she was able to write and read, but only in German. This caused some problems because Henry valued educated and sophistication in women. Henry was anxious to meet his wife on the day she arrived and met her on the water's edge when she arrived by boat. But the wedding night was not as planned - Henry came out announcing, "I like her not" because Anne was larger-boned than any of the queens before her that were the wives of Henry VIII. He tried to get Thomas Cromwell to annul the marriage using a legal way, but Cromwell explained that there was no way to do so without offending the Germans. Their marriage ended on the ninth of July, 1540. Henry was nicer to Anne than he had been to any of his other wives - he gave her a small settlement of her own, including many properties that included Hever Castle, the estate that belonged to his former in-laws. Henry and Anne later became great friends and he made her a "Princess of England" and called her "the King's beloved sister". Anne was there when the two daughters of Henry rode side-by-side into London with Mary as Queen and was even at Mary's coronation. She outlived Henry VIII's last wife, Catherine Parr, by nine years. Anne never returned to Germany - instead, she spent the rest of her life in England.

Catherine Howard. She was also called Katherine Howard or Katheryn Howard. She was the fifth wife of Henry VIII, and he often referred to her as "the rose without a thorn". She was the daughter of Lord Edmund Howard, a younger son of the second Duke of Norfolk. Catherine married Henry VIII on the twenty-eight of July, 1540, almost immediately after the annulment of his marriage to Anne of Cleves. The way she lived her life and the knowledge about her past were known to be unchaste and shortly afterwards, she was beheaded about two years after her marriage on grounds of treason, meaning adultery committed while married to the king.

Catherine Parr. Catherine Parr, or Katherine or Katharine Parre, was the last of the six wives of Henry VIII. She was the Queen of England in the years 1543-1547, and then was known as the Dowager Queen of England. She was the most married English queen, with four previous husbands. Katherine Parr was the eldest child of Sir Thomas Parr, a descendant of King Edward III, and Maud Green, daughter of Sir Thomas Green of Green's Norton, Northamptonshire. She was in the household of Henry VIII and also of Princess Mary, the daughter of Catherine of Aragon, when she caught the eye of the king. She had a relationship with Thomas Seymour, the brother of the late Queen Jane Seymour, but then the king offered marriage to her and she accepted. She was one of the queens that were said to have "lived" King Henry VIII, the other being Anne of Cleves, who lived nine years after the death of Catherin Parr.

Surprisingly, Henry VIII did not have six wives. He only had two.

Henry's fourth marriage to Anne of Cleves was annulled. The marriage never took place.

Why? There were two reasons; Anne and Henry never consummated the marriage which means to have intercourse. Anne was also already betrothed to Francis, Duke of Lorraine when she married Henry. The formal act of betrothal was illegal at the time.

The Pope declared Henry's second marriage to Anne Boleyn illegal, because the King was still married to his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

When Henry was the head of the Church of England, he made his first marriage invalid on the legal ground that a man could not sleep with his brother's widow.

Henry annulled his marriage to Anne Boleyn just before he had her executed for adultery. Crazy when you think about it.

He did the same to Catherine Howard, his fifth wife. According to evidence, Catherine was unfaithful to him before and during their marriage. Henry passed an act making it treasonable for a queen to commit adultery. So, the marriage was annulled.

Annulments: Four.

Legal marriages: Two.

Total: Six.

Sources:

The Book of General Ignorance - Book - John Lloyd and John Mitchinson - Faber and Faber - 2006.

Henry VIII had 6 wives in his lifetime. It is said one can use a rhyming verse to best remember he had 6 wives. The verse is "King Henry the Eighth, to six wives he was wedded. One died, one survived, two divorced, two beheaded." His wives names were Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr. Technically he was only married to two of the 6 because 4 of his marriages were annulled. He was also distantly related to each one of his wives through a common ancestor whom was King Edward I of England.

858687
William Shakespeare
Monarchy

Which two monarchs reigned when William Shakespeare was alive?

William Shakespeare, the great English playwright, poet and actor, was born in April 1564, and died on 23 April 1616.

The two monarchs whose lives coincided with his were:

  • Queen Elizabeth I - reigned from 17th November 1558 until her death on 24th March 1603.

This was the Elizabethan Era, sometimes known as The Golden Age.

  • King James I (who was also King James VI of Scotland) reigned in England from 24th March 1603 until his death on 27th March 1625.

His reign is known as the Jacobean era, Jacob being an alternative form of James.

617618619
History of France
French Revolution
Monarchy

How many sons did King Louis XVI have?

Two, the oldest died as a child of Tuberculosis and Louis XVII died at the age of 10 while in prison.

503504505
Elizabeth II
Monarchy

How old was Queen Elizabeth when she became queen?

There have been two queens named Elizabeth in English and British History.

Take your pick from the related questions below.

202122
Monarchy
Nevada

Where is Wendover?

Wendover is in Utah

407408409
Elizabeth I
Monarchy

What was Queen Elizabeth's I's maiden name?

She was a Tudor so she was Elizabeth Tudor as Queen Elizabeth II is Elizabeth Windsor.

371372373
History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

Who were the six wives of Henry VIII?

Answer King Henry VIII of England was born on 28th June 1491. He became King of England when his father died on 21st April 1509, and he reigned until his own death on 28th January 1547. One of the reasons he is famous is that he married six times. His father, King Henry VII had become King of England after defeating King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in the year 1485. This marked the end of a long and bloody Civil War in England over who should succeed to the throne, known as The Wars of the Roses. The last time a female had inherited the English throne was in the year 1141 when the daughter of King Henry I, Matilda became Queen and was deposed by her cousin, Stephen of Blois. This led to a long Civil War known as "The Anarchy." Henry VIII was keen to avoid another, similar Civil War and wanted to have a son who would be an undisputed, male heir to the throne. This was the main reason why he married so many times. His wives were: Catherine of Aragon, born 16th December 1485. Catherine was an Infanta, or princess, of Castile in Spain. Her parents were Ferdinand II of Aragon and his wife, Isabella I of Castile. She had previously been married to Henry VIII's older brother, Arthur in an arranged marriage aimed at strengthening the alliance between Spain and England. Arthur had died, aged 16, on 2nd April 1502. Still wishing to maintain the alliance, Henry and Catherine were married on 11th June 1509. They had required permission from The Pope, known as a Dispensation, allowing Henry to marry his brother's widow, which was given on the grounds that Catherine and Arthur's marriage had not been consummated, meaning that they had never had sex. Henry and Catherine had a stillborn daughter in January 1510 and in January 1511 a son who only survived for fifty-two days. Another stillborn daughter was born in December 1514 and on 18th February 1516 she gave birth to a daughter, Mary, their only child to survive beyond infancy. Mary later became Queen Mary I of England. Catherine finally gave birth to another stillborn daughter in November 1518. After her marriage was annulled (see under Anne Boleyn below) the King would only refer to her as "The Dowager Princess of Wales" in honour of his brother, Catherine's first husband. Catherine died on 7th January 1536, probably from cancer. Anne Boleyn, born around 1501. Anne was the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and his wife, Lady Elizabeth. She appeared at King Henry's Court at a Ball in 1522, performing a dance with other ladies of the court and her sister, Mary who was King Henry's mistress. With no sign of Catherine producing a male heir to the throne, King Henry began to pursue Anne, although at first she famously refused to sleep with him before marriage. In order to marry Anne, the King's marriage to Catherine would have to be annulled. This annulment lead to the King's break with Rome, and the establishment Henry as the Head of the Church in England.. The details of this are the answer to a wholly different question! Henry secretly married Anne Boleyn in January 1533 and had Archbishop Cranmer declare his marriage to Catherine unlawful and his new marriage legitimate. Anne was already pregnant when they married and on 17th September 1533 she gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth, who would later become Queen Elizabeth I of England. Anne had one miscarriage of a baby in the summer 1534 and another in January 1536, on the day of Catherine of Aragon's funeral. King Henry declared the opinion that his marriage was cursed by God and he had already met Jane Seymour, who would become his third wife. In May 1536 Anne was arrested and charged with Treason, Witchcraft and Incest (the allegation was that she had sex with her own brother.) She was found guilty and was executed by beheading at the Tower of London on 19th May 1536. Most historians believe she was entirely innocent and that the charges were brought against her by enemies at court and those who wished to gain the favour of King Henry by enabling him to be free to marry again. Jane Seymour born about 1509. Jane Seymour was the daughter of Sir John Seymour, a knight and servant of King Henry and his wife, Margaret Wentworth. She came to the Royal Court in the year 1530, as a Lady In Waiting to Queen Catherine (of Aragon) and continued to serve Queen Anne (Boleyn) after the King's marriage to Catherine was annulled. It is thought that she first came to King Henry's attention when he stayed at her father's house in September 1535. It may be that his attraction for Jane made it easier for him to believe the false accusations made against Anne Boleyn. Henry and Jane were betrothed on 20th May 1536, the day after Anne's execution, and were married on 30th May 1536. Jane gave birth to baby boy, Edward on 12th October 1537. He would later become King Edward VI of England. Jane became seriously ill after the birth, from a form of septicaemia and she died on 24th October 1537. Anne of Cleves born on 22nd September 1515 in Dusseldorf, Germany. Her parents were John, Duke of Cleves and Maria of Julich-Berg. Henry was still eager to ensure the succession to the throne and wanted to marry again in case his son was not able to succeed him. His chief minister, Thomas Cromwell had suggested Anne of Cleves as his next wife and the court painter Hans Holbein was sent to Cleves to make a portrait of her. After seeing the portrait, and hearing favourable descriptions of her, Henry agreed to the marriage. When she arrived in England, Henry found her deeply unattractive, describing her as "The Flanders Mare." They were, however married on 6th January 1540. When Henry wanted to end the marriage, Anne testified that it had never been consummated and the marriage was annulled on 9th July 1540 on the grounds that Anne had been contracted to marry another European Nobleman. She was accorded the title "The King's Sister" and was given Hever Castle, the former home of Anne Boleyn's family. She stayed in England until her death on 16th July 1557 - she outlived Henry and all his other wives. Catherine Howard born between 1520 and 1525. Catherine was the daughter of Lord Edmund Howard and his second wife, Joyce Culpeper. She came to the Royal Court as a Lady In Waiting to Anne of Cleves. King Henry was still eager to have more sons in order to secure the line of succession and he married Catherine Howard on 28th July 1540, a few weeks after the annulment of his marriage to Anne of Cleves. He was deeply smitten with his new, young bride and gave her many expensive gifts of jewellery and clothes. Catherine had several love affairs both before and after her marriage to King Henry - with a man who had been her music teacher when she was a young girl and with Francis Dereham, an official at Hampton Court. When this became known, King Henry at first refused to believe it until evidence was produced. Catherine was arrested and tried for Treason in 1541. It was determined that adultery by the Queen was treason. She was found guilty and executed by beheading on 13th February 1542. Catherine Parrborn around 1512. Catherine was the daughter of Sir Thomas Parr, an English nobleman from Kendall in the North West of England, and his wife, Maud Green. In 1529, aged about 15, Catherine had married Edward Borough, Baron of Gainsborough, who died in 1533. They had no children. In 1534 she married John Nevill, Baron Latymer from Yorkshire in England. Baron Latymer was a frequent visitor to Henry's Court and it was probably on one of these visits that she first met the King. Baron Latymer died in March 1543 and again there were no children. After the death of her second husband she began a relationship with Thomas Seymour, the brother of Henry's third wife, Jane Seymour but she felt she could not decline the attentions of the King. She married King Henry on 12th July 1543 at Hampton Court Palace in London. She was a good stepmother to Henry's three children and helped Henry to become reconciled to his oldest daughter, Mary whose mother was Catherine of Aragon. She is thought to have had a strong influence on the future Queen Elizabeth I, Henry's second daughter. Henry died on 28th January 1547, leaving Catherine free to marry her first love, Thomas Seymour who had by now become Baron Seymour of Sudely. They were married later that same year. Catherine gave birth to a daughter, Mary Seymour, on 30th August 1548 but died a few days later, on 5th September from complications of the birth. Thomas Seymour was executed for treason less than a year later and their daughter Mary went to live with relatives. There seems to be no record of her past her second birthday and many historians believe she died as a child. It is speculated that Henry VIII's numerous marriages were an attempt to ensure the succession of the monarchy. It is also speculated that he loved Jane Seymour more deeply than his other wives, because he is buried alongside her in St. Georges Chapel in Windsor Castle. Though it is said that the two wives who were excuted underwent due process of the law, Henry removed the Roman Catholic Church in order to have his personal agenda approved. The Roman Catholic Church was the Court of Appeals. Hence, Henry removed any chance of true 'due process of the law.' == == == ==

305306307
History of England
Shopping
Monarchy
Prince Charles

What happen to Charles Fingerhut bakery in Cicero?

Fingerhut Bakery is coming back soon....Chas. Fingerhut Bakery was started in 1895 by John Fingerhut who brought to this country from Czechoslovakia the now famous Babi Rye Bread. From John to his son Charles who took over the business in 1928, to his son Herb Sr. who took over the business in 1855, to Herb Jr. who ran the bakery until January 2000.

Herb is now a consultant in the bakery and food industry. Herb is also writting a new autobiograghy on his life in the bakery business as well as making this a unique baking cookbook with over 120 family formulas, but the difference is, there will be a receipe size for the home as well as a larger size for the retail/wholeslae baker!

FYI: Fingerhut Bakery is on its way back (but in web form only for now) Starting on February 15, 2008 an all new Fingerhut Bakery will be back with an updated logo, and with a twist to the old favorites like Houska Bread, Babi Rye Bread, kolacky and many more items...... check the coming soon page at www.fingerhutbakery.com

353354355
History of England
Monarchy

What are the names of king George vi brothers?

King George VI had one older brother and three younger brothers

The Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, Duke of Windsor (King Edward VIII from 20 January 1936 to 11 December 1936) Born 23 June 1894 Died 28 May 1972

The Prince Henry William Frederick Albert, Duke of Gloucester Born 31 March 1900 Died 10 June 1974

The Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund, Duke of Kent Born 20 December 1902 Died 25 August 1942

The Prince John Charles Francis Born 12 July 1905 Died 18 January 1919

315316317
United Kingdom
Monarchy
Elizabeth II

Who succeeds the queen of The United Kingdom?

Succession is dependant on who is the closest blood relative. In the current case, Queen Elizabeth the II, her son Charles is next in line.

335336337
Monarchy
Hobbies & Collectibles

What is the value of a King Edward Imperial cigar box?

Sadly they are not worth all that much but you can fetch up to $14 on eBay if you're lucky.

329330331
Monarchy
Royal Family

Where is the home of the British Monarch?

Technically, the official residence of the British Monarch is St James' Palace, London. However, no monarch has resided there for over 200 years.

The official London residence is Buckingham Palace, while Windsor Castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse act as the official county and Scotland residences respectively.

Queen Elizabeth II also can reside at four private residences: Sandringham House, Balmoral Castle, Craigowan Lodge and Delnadamph Lodge.

327328329
History of England
Monarchy

Who was the English monarch in 1540?

The king of England in 1540 was Henry VIII, and the Consort Queen was Anne of Cleves from 6th January until 9th July when her marriage to Henry was annulled. He then married Catherine Howard on 28th July 1540.

327328329
Monarchy
History of England
War and Military History

Who was the first King of England?

The first king of all England was Athelstan (c895-939). He became king in 925.

Despite any fleeting allegiances they may have wrought, the seven kings previous to Athelstan are known by historians as the 'Kings of Wessex'. Alfred the Great's grandson. King Aethelstan (924- 39)

All prior leaders were only kings of Wessex.

House of Wessex:

Egbert

Athelwulf

Athelbald

Athelbert

Ethelred I

Alfred (the Great)

Edward (the Elder)

Athelstan (the Glorius) *First King of ALL England*

Edmund I(the Magnificent)

Edred

Edwy (All Fair)

Edgar (the Peaceable)

St Edward (the Matyr)

Ethelred II (the Unready)

House of Denmark:

Swen (Forkbeard)

House of Wessex and the House of Denmark

Ethelred II (restored)

Edmund II (Ironside) and Canute

House of Denmark:

Canute

Harold I (Harefoot)

Hardicanute

House of Wessex (restored)

St Edward (The Confessor)

Harold II

Edgar II (the Atheling)

House of Normandy:

William I (William the conquerer)

William II (William the Rufus)

Henry I

Stephen I(of Blois)

The Empress Mathilda(Maud)

House of Plantaganet:

Henry II

(Henry the Young King, ruled breifly with his father, Henry II until his death)

Richard I(The Lionheart)

John (Lackland)

Henry III

Edward I(Longshanks)

Edward II

Edward III

Richard II

House of Lancaster:

Henry IV (Bolingbroke)

Henry V

Henry VI

House of York:

Edward IV

Edward V

Richard III

House of Tudor:

Henry VII

Henry VIII(King Hal)

Edward VI

Jane(Nine Days Queen)

Mary I(Bloody Mary)

Elizabeth I(The Virgin Queen)

House of Stuart:

James I

Charles I

Commonwealth(the protectorate):

Oliver Cromwell

Richard Cromwell

House of Stuart(after the restoration):

Charles II

James II

William III (of Orange) and Mary II (ruled jointly)

House of Orange:

William III(alone)

House of Stuart:

Anne

House of Hanover:

George I

George II

George III(Farmer George)

George IV

William IV(Reform Bill)

Victoria

House of Saxe-Coburg:

Edward George V

VII

House of Windsor:

George V

Edward VIII

George VI

Elizabeth II

edger was the first king of England and crowned in Bath England

298299300
History of England
Monarchy
Lady Jane Grey

Did Lady Jane Grey marry King Edward VI?

No she didn't but Thomas Seymour (Edward's maternal uncle) wanted them to marry so he bought the wardship of Jane and then made an attempt to kidnap Edward. This attempt failed because Edward's dog started barking so Seymour shot it and the noise brought guards who arrested Seymour. He was later executed for treason.

Jane was married to Guilford Dudley and Edward was at a time betrothed to Mary Queen of Scots and Princess Elisabeth of France.

319320321
Politics and Government
Monarchy

What countries have a king or queen?

Monarchies around the world

Africa

Lesotho - King Letsie III

Morocco - King Mohammed VI

Swaziland - King Mswati III

Asia

Bhutan - King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck

Brunei - Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiiah

Cambodia - King Norodom Sihamoni

Japan - Emperor Akihito

Malaysia - Tuanku Abdul Halim

Thailand - King Bhumibol Adulyadej

Europe

Andorra - Princes Nicolas Sarkozy and Joan Enric Vives Sicilia

Belgium - King Albert II

Denmark - Queen Margarethe II

Liechtenstein - Prince Hans Adam II

Luxembourg - Grand Duke Henri

Monaco - Prince Albert II

Netherlands - King Willem-Alexander

Norway - King Harald V

Spain - King Juan Carlos I

Sweden - King Carl Gustaf XVI

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - Queen Elizabeth II

Middle East

Bahrain - King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa

Jordan - King Abdullah II

Kuwait - Emir Sabah Al-Ahmed Al Jaber Al-Sabah

Oman - Sultan Oabus ibn Sa'id

Qatar - Emir Sheik Hamad ibn Khalifa al-Thani

Saudi Arabia - King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud

United Arab Emirates - Sheik Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

Other

Tonga - King George Tupou V.

That's 31 unless I've mis-counted.

Countries with Constitutional Monarchies with Ceremonial Monarchs

  • Andorra
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Australia
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Cambodia
  • Canada
  • Denmark
  • Grenada
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Lesotho
  • Luxembourg
  • Malaysia
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Solomon Islands
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Thailand
  • Tuvalu
  • United Kingdom
Countries with Constitutional Monarchies with Active Monarchs

(The prime minister is the nation's active executive but the monarch still has considerable political powers that can be used at their own discretion.)

  • Bahrain
  • Bhutan
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Liechtenstein
  • Monaco
  • Morocco
  • Tonga
  • United Arab Emirates
Countries with Absolute Monarchies
  • Brunei
  • Oman
  • Qatar
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Swaziland

Currently, 44 Sovereign nations in the world have monarchs acting as heads of state, 16 of which are Commonwealth realms that recognize Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state. All European monarchies are constitutional ones, with the exception of the Vatican City. Countries include England, Cambodia, Japan, Jordan and Malaysia.

313314315
History of England
Scotland
Monarchy

What did King Charles do upset Scotland?

Charles I, tried to force the Scots to use an English Prayer book, they refused and invaded England. The Bishops' wars cost a lot of money and Charles I, could not afford this so had to ask Parliament for money, and that proceeded after 11 years.

311312313
History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

When did Henry VIII go to war Scotland?

He didn't go into a big official war but there was the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513 which was defensive after the Scottish invaded. There was also border raids and retaliation for Scottish border raids. Then towards the end of his reign there was the 'rough wooing' of Mary Queen of Scots where the Earl of Hertford lead soldiers into Scotland so that they could burn and destroy towns/villages until the Scots agreed to a betrothal between Mary Queen of Scots and Prince Edward.

311312313
Monarchy

Henry ll count of?

Anjou and Nantes

307308309
Monarchy
Absolutism (Political)

Is absolute monarchy a good or bad thing?

It depends on the culture, the nation, and the ruler. For example, if the nation is very small (IE: a small island in an archipelago), then there is little need of a fragmented government system. In a larger nation (IE: France in the 1700s), an absolute monarchy would not work as there are just too many people to rule over without delegation.

Again, it also depends on the ruler itself. A just, compassionate absolute monarch will put his or her people above personal gain. However, this does cause problems when the throne passes to someone else, someone who may not be as good as the previous ruler.

Further answer

It also depends on what powers the monarch has. In today's England the monarch has very little actual power and is largely a figurehead. But in say Henry VIII's day the monarch had very much more power.

It would also depend on the monarch - some were good, some were bad. Just like governments and dictators!

301302303
History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

Why did Henry VIII kill Robert Aske?

Robert Aske helped to lead the 'Pilgrimage of the Grace' rebellion against Henry VIII's religious reforms. Aske was invited to court to talk to the King and privy council, they then lied to him and said that his demands would be met and pardons would be issued. When Aske returned to the North he was arrested alongside other rebel leaders and people who had been involved. Aske was then hung in chains from York minster.

295296297
History of England
Monarchy
Royal Family
England

Who was the first King or Queen of England?

The first king to rule all of England as king was Athelstan, grandson of Alfred the Great. His forebears were kings of Wessex, to which they attached Kent; it was Athelstan who united Mercia and Northumbria to Wessex to create the united English kingdom.

However, there are a few tricky points of terminology:

  • Athelstan's title was "king of the English", not "king of England". Same thing really, but the first to be king of the English land rather than of the English people was Henry II.
  • Before there was a single kingdom, several rulers had be accepted as overlord over all the English kings. Among those was Alfred the Great's grandfather Egbert, king of Wessex, and before him Offa, King of Mercia

House of Wessex:

Egbert

Athelwulf

Athelbald

Athelbert

Ethelred I

Alfred (the Great)

Edward (the Elder)

Athelstan *First King of ALL England*

Edmund I (the Elder, the Deed-Doer)

Eadred

Eadwig

Edgar (the Peaceable)

St Edward (the Martyr)

Ethelred II (the Unready)

House of Denmark:

Swen (Forkbeard)

House of Wessex

Ethelred II (restored)

Edmund II (Ironside)

House of Denmark

Cnut the Great (Canute)

Harold I (Harefoot)

Harthacnut

House of Wessex (restored)

St Edward (The Confessor)

Harold II

Edgar II (the Atheling)

House of Normandy:

William I (the Bastard, the Conqueror)

William II (Rufus)

Henry I (Beauclerk)

Stephen I (of Blois) or the Empress Mathilda (Maud)

House of Plantaganet:

Henry II (FitzEmpress, Curtmantle)

(Henry the Young King, briefly co-king with his father, Henry II)

Richard I (the Lionheart)

John (Lackland)

Henry III

Edward I (Longshanks)

Edward II

Edward III

Richard II

House of Lancaster:

Henry IV (Bolingbroke)

Henry V

Henry VI

House of York:

Edward IV

House of Lancaster (restored)

Henry VI (restored)

House of York (restored)

Edward IV (restored)

Edward V

Richard III

House of Tudor:

Henry VII

Henry VIII

Edward VI

Jane

Mary I (Bloody Mary)

Elizabeth I (the Virgin Queen)

House of Stuart

James I & VI

Charles I

The Commonwealth

The House of Stuart (restored)

Charles II

James II

House of Stuart/House of Orange

Mary II & William III

House of Orange

William III

House of Stuart

Anne

House of Hanover

George I

George II

George III

George IV

William IV

Victoria

House of Sax-Coburg-und-Gotha

Edward VII

George V

House of "Windsor"

George V

Edward VIII

George VI

Elizabeth II

289290291
Royal Family
Monarchy

What color eyes did King George VI have?

George VI had blue eyes.

299300301
Monarchy
Elizabeth I
Henry VIII

Which of Henry's daughters finally restored order in England?

Both did to an extent, but Queen Elizabeth I had the advantage of living longer so her reign brought 45 years of relative stability.

277278279
Queen Victoria
Monarchy
Royal Family

What was prince albert's royal house?

Prince Francis (Albert) Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 - 14 December 1861), the Prince Consort of Queen Victoria, was from the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

293294295

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.