Airplanes and Aircraft

Since their invention, airplanes have transformed world travel and military warfare. Ask questions here about the history and technology of airplanes.

Airplanes and Aircraft
Game Consoles and Gaming Hardware

Can you take a video game console as a carry on?

Yes, but you have to take it out and place it in a separate bin during x-ray screening just like you do with notebooks, so make sure it's easily accessible.

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Airplanes and Aircraft

What do you call a person that designs aircraft?

Designers develop a model based on the design brief, which is a summary of the expected characteristics and capabilities of the aircraft. Aeronautical engineers then draw the aircraft and all of its related components so that it will operate as required and include other factors such as manufacturing considerations and fuel economy. Aeronautical engineers also design 'aftermarket' components so that they won't force the aircraft outside of it operating envelope (eg, floats on planes, hooks on helicopters)

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Air Travel
Airplanes and Aircraft
Airlines

How old is Virgin Atlantic Airline?

Virgin Atlantic Airways has been operating for 27 years and it commenced its flights on On 22 June 1984.

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Powerboats
Airplanes and Aircraft

Does size of propeller effect thrust?

There is more to propellor geometry than just "size" (diameter).

Props are also called out in pitch, which describes the forward distan a blade will travel in one rotation (ignoring losses) and is a function of both the foil (shape) of the blade and its angle relative to the line of thrust.

If I am using a 14X14 prop, it may have less thrust that a 12X16, despite being 2 inches "bigger" because its blades are flatter and don't move as much air (or water)

You can install the same outboard on two different boats and need a different pitch prop because of the differences in the two boats' displacements or hull shapes. The diameters are usually fixed on outboards so the pitch is adjusted...like differential ratios in cars.

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Airplanes and Aircraft

When was the airplane invented?

Leonardo da Vinci drew plans in the 15th Century for a helicopter but it was never built.

The brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright were two Americans who are generally credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on 17 December 1903 in Kitty Hawk, NC on December 17, 1903.

However, men had flown in hot air balloons as early as 1783 (the Montgolfier brothers), and in gliders as early as 1849 (George Cayley) or possibly even 1825 (Hans Navrestad).

So a progression of developments over many years led to powered flight. The Wright Brothers studied Otto Lilienthal's glider designs and attached an engine to one. Their use of inefficient (but effective) wing warping for control allowed them the first controlled, powered flight though there had been both controlled flights and powered flights previously.

- The first to use the conventional control surfaces we see today was Richard Pearse of New Zealand, who may have flown as early as March, 1903. But he used a hedge to stop his flight.

- An unmanned steam-powered monoplane was flown in 1848. It took the development of powerful, lightweight internal combustion engines to make modern aircraft practical and dependable.

- A manned powered aircraft took off using a ramp assist in France in 1874, and there was also that year an aircraft powered by compressed air. These and other achievements show how the understanding of how to fly was gradually changing.
The first official airplane hop was in 1890, but the idea has been around since Da Vinci. Also, the first jet flight was in 1939, but the Germans only started using them in 1944.
i don't know when it was invented. What about you.
1903 by orvill wright

Leonardo da Vinci drew plans in the 15th Century for a helicopter but it was never built.

The brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright were two Americans who are generally credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on 17 December 1903 in Kitty Hawk.


December 17, 1903

Ans 2 - Many men made aircraft from about 1897 onwards. Most of these ended up wrecked after the first take-off.
On 17 December 1903, Orville and Wilbur Wright with the 12 HP Wright Flyer, officially aide the first sustained, controlled powered flight by a heaver-than-air machine of 12 seconds for a distance of 120 feet. Less than the wing span of a 747.
The first heavier than air powered flight was in 1903 by the Wright Brothers.

In 1903 by the Wright Brothers.

December 17th 1903


The very first plane invented was in 1903 this was the very first powered flight in history

this is an interesting answer written by the uninformed....

NEW question: who was Clement Ader and when did HIS powered flight happen???
The first airplane was invented by the Wright Brothers on December 17, 1903. Orville and Wilbur Wright made four small flights with their aircraft Kitty Hawk.
1906 by the wright brother

In 1903 the first flight was made and in 1901 the idea was put into action.
The first flight of the Wright flyer, widely considered to be the first true airplane, happened on December 17 1903.
The first working motorized aeroplane was invented by the Wright Brothers in 1903. Before that time numerous sailing planes have been invented. The first model of a steam-powered aeroplane was invented by John Stringfellow back in 1848.
The first working plane was invented by the Wright Brothers in December 17 1903.
The airplane was invented in 1903. The wright brothers also known as Wilbur and Orville successfully built a plane that went 20 feet in the air for 12 seconds and went 120 feet across wind swept beach in North Carolina.

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US Civil War
Airplanes and Aircraft

What are major threats to civil aviation?

Physical threats? (1) Birds, (2) people who aim laser beams at cockpit windshields (a big problem at Dallas-Fort Worth International), (3) unruly passengers, and (4) terrorists.

-Bigger Al

shoddy outsourced maintenance and inexperienced and under trained and paid pilots

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Manufacturing
Airbus

What is the name of airbus' parent company?

Airbus is a subsidiary of European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS).

In July 2013, EADS accounced that the corporation was renaming to 'Airbus Industries', to make it's primary business more obvious.

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Airplanes and Aircraft

What are the people that work on an airplane called?

People who perform mechanical work on airplanes are called Aircraft Mechanics or Aviation Maintenance Technicians. The Federal Aviation Administration issues Airframe and Powerplant mechanic licenses (A&P license). Experienced mechanics can obtain an Inspection Authorization (IA).

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Air Travel
Airplanes and Aircraft
Airlines

Can you take frozen gel packs on an airplane?

No you can not. I'm an Airline Employee living in Greensboro, NC and work in Newark, NJ. Everyweek I have to pack my food with ice since the TSA will not let me through security with gel freezewr packs.

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Airplanes and Aircraft

How do you make an underwater glider?

If you're talking about a DPV (diver tug), you could probably make one using an electric trolling motor and a battery. The speed control would need to be waterproofed and you'd need to build the housing for it all.

Another option is a manta - it's like an underwater wake board that's pulled by a boat. The diver hangs on and 'flies' it underwater.

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Flight Times

What is layover time?

The time you have in an airport to change from one plane to another.

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Airplanes and Aircraft

What is a group of flying planes called?

A formation.

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Travel & Places
Airplanes and Aircraft

Can you carry plants on an airplane?

Depends on your destination and the plant(s).

Plant materials are regulated by international phytosanitary regulations (which also includes CITES, which regulates the movement of endangered species).

The normal process is to obtain an official plant Import Permit for the plant material from the country of destination prior to shipping or moving the plants. This is normally issued by a governmental body (such as the Department of Agriculture).

The conditions and regulations for the particular plant that you are wanting to transport will be stated on the permit. The process then involves the applicant being able to meet or prove that the plant materials conform to the requirements on the import permit; this then involves obtaining a Phytosanitary Certificate from the exporting countries authorities.

As you can see this is not really a simple process and can take days or weeks. Most certificates will prohibit the transport of plant materials in "naturally occurring soils" (basically digging a plant out of the ground and shipping it), this means that plants can normally only be shipped in an "artificial medium" or bear rooted - which normally applies to commercially cultivated horticultural plants.

It is not advisable to simply take plant material with you in your luggage as some plants are banned in certain countries, and could earn you a spell in jail for even having them in your possession. Australia has particularly rigid regulations and penalties regarding this, while the movement of plant materials within EU countries is fairly easy and has few restrictions.

It should also be noted that the movement of certain types of plants even within the same country is regulated; for example the movement of citrus plants between states in the USA.

Note: This process also applies to seeds or packets of seeds

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Airbus

How passengers can an Airbus A340 accommodate?

It would depend on the individual airline, and how they specify the interior. The series 600 has a stretched fuselage, which increases the number of passengers. However, as a rule of thumb, think about 350.

Airbus A340-300 has 295 seats

Airbus A340-500 has 313 seats

Airbus A340-600 has 380 seats

Read more: How_many_seats_does_an_Airbus_A340_have

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Hot Air Balloons

How does the shape of the airfoil change the way planes fly?

The top is curved, so the wind moves faster on top. therefore, there is a lower pressure on top, and he plane is sucked upwards. this lift counters gravity/weight. The amount of curve also changes the lift, as does the amount of wing space.

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Pilots (aviation)

What do you call a woman pilot?

The traditional term is aviatrix (feminine form of 'aviator') but it isn't used much anymore.

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Airplanes and Aircraft

How does wind effect airplane take off and landings?

Aircraft always try to take off and land INTO the wind, as the effect of the wind flowing over the surface of the wing increases lift and therefore reduces the speed necessary to perform a take-off/landing.

For example, if an airliner has a computed take-off speed of 130knots, but there is a 10knot wind blowing directly at the aircraft during the take-off roll, the airliner only needs to achieve 120knots as the 10knot wind provides the extra to reach the required 130.

Of course it is rare that the wind will be blowing in the exact same direction as the alignment of the runway, which is why major airports have several runways, pointing in different directions. If there is just a single runway, aircraft may have to land or take-off in cross-wind directions. This can affect the control of the aircraft but safety dictates the maximum amount of cross-wind before it is deemed unsafe to land - usually in excess of 40knots.

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Geography

What is the function of an altimeter?

An altimeter is an instrument which measures altitude. The standard altimeter measures altitude above sea level. The radar altimeter, however, measures altitude above ground level.

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Airplanes and Aircraft

What does RAM in RAMJet stand for?

The "Ram" in "ramjet" isn't an abbreviation, and doesn't stand for anything. It is called a "Ramjet" because the air is rammed into the engine.

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Miscellaneous
Airplanes and Aircraft
Airports

Who uses a windsock?

Windsocks are primarily used by pilots at airports or heliports that don't have air traffic control towers or when the control tower is closed. Pilots usually takeoff and land their aircraft into the wind and use a windsock to determine wind speed, direction, and which runway to use. Some airports also have automated weather reporting equipment that broadcasts weather information over a radio frequency.

Windsocks are mounted on a swivel and point to the direction the wind is blowing. The tail of the windsock hangs limp to indicate when there is no wind. As the wind increases, the tail rises, giving the pilot an indication of how strong the wind is blowing.

Even at large airports with operating control towers, windsocks are sometimes placed near the landing threshold of each runway. The pilot can see the windsock and determine wind speed and direction when taking off or landing. The wind speed and direction that is issued to the pilot by the air traffic controller or automated weather observation is usually derived from a sensor near the center of the airport. The wind might be substantially different at a particular runway.

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Airbus

What type of aircraft is used for flight AF 0442?

A340

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Airplanes and Aircraft

How can someone get a ride on air force one?

By becoming president or working for the president.

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Industrial Engineering

Are airplanes air tight?

Most small airplanes are not air tight (or even completely encased) because thy do not need pressurization. Commercial planes fly at altitudes where there is not enough oxygen to sustain life, requiring pressurization.

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Airplanes and Aircraft

What is the pitch rate in an aircraft?

It is simply the rate at which the aircraft can pitch - ie. rotate around the lateral axis, which is roughly the wings. The faster an aircraft can pitch, the greater the "g" limit required, and achieved. Otherwise it would become overstressed. Most aircraft can exceed their 'G' Limits, but pilots prevent this through "seat of the pants" indications of wing loading.

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Airplanes and Aircraft

What is the fastest business jet?

The Citation TEN is the fastest civilian aircraft in the sky, cruising just shy of the sound barrier at Mach .92

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