The Battle of Shiloh was an early battle in the US Civil War. It gained fame because of the many soldiers who died in the battle. It was a two day battle and General Grant claimed the victory.
Muskets, Canon, bayonet, hands
Yes, a Yankee soldier and a union soldier fought on the same side in the American Civil War (1861-65). The term "Yankee" was used by southerners to denote someone from the north, or the union. In this case, "Union" and "Yankee" mean the same thing. Nobody knows why the South ever came up with that term, though.
The Battle of Shiloh was located on the Tennessee River in Tennessee, just north of the Corinth, MS, across the Mississippi state line. The Union troops referred to the place as "Pittsburg Landing". The name of Shiloh was due to a nearby church with that name.
Facts about the Gettysburg battle:
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He was a General in the Mexican war and the civil war. He was also heralded as the early civil wars best general.
To deprive enemy forces who may follow after them _ as well as supporters of the enemy _ food and shelter. It also served as an effective terror weapon, as used by Union General Tecumshah Sherman in his campaign of devastation as he marched through the South, stealing at will whatever his troops could use and destroying anything they could not. Also, in previous wars, as well as perhaps this one, it was used to discourage retreat or desertation. If troops leave no food or shelter behind them, as well as an extremely unhappy civilian population, then the troops are less likely to attempt to desert or retreat.
Shiloh was fought at Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River in Southern Tennessee.
William took a basic strategy with archers in the front rank weakening the enemy with arrows, followed by infantry which would attack in close combat, and finally in a cavalry charge that will break through the Saxon forces. Yet from the very beginning, William's plan didn’t go as well as he thought. The archers didn’t have much effect on the Saxon shield wall, and before the infantry could engage the housecarls, a spray of stones and projectiles flew by the Saxons caused heavy casualties amongst the Norman ranks. William, realized that his attack was failing, was therefore forced to order his cavalry to attack far sooner than he had anticipated. Yet due to Harold's position, William's cavalry charge fizzled out as the horses struggled uphill. The still-intact Saxon shield wall easily held back the Norman cavalry and, much to William's chagrin, many of Harold's housecarls were highly-skilled with the Danish battle axe, capable of causing ghastly wounds to a horse and its rider.
Only the ones who did not survive
The Confederate Order of Battle for the Battle of Shiloh has a number of generals listed. The two most important ones, however, were the leading general Albert S. Johnston who planned the surprise attack on Union troops. After Johnston's death on the first day of battle, General Braxton Bragg briefly took command. Then General PT Beauregard assumed general command. He was now outnumbered as US Grant was reinforced. Beauregard had little chance of a victory and retreated to Corinth, Mississippi.
To complete the answer to the question, the Confederate Order of Battle lists three corps commanders: generals Polk, Hardee and Bragg.
In fact the first contact the Rebels had with a Union patrol were scouting soldiers under the command of General Hardee.
P.T Beauregard and Albert Johnston (who died in the battle and was the highest ranked general on either side killed during the entire war).
The US Civil War Battle of Shiloh was a "wake-up" call to both sides of the war. It had been the bloodiest two day battle that had future ramifications as the war progressed. One key element was the Confederate loss of a senior general, Albert S. Johnston was killed on the first day of the battle. The near success of the Confederate assault was due to the fact that Major General US Grant failed to properly build fortifications. As his army was invading enemy territory, clearly this error was never made again in similar situations. Another significant result was the reaffirmation of the value of using waterways to transport troops. Because US Grant's commanding officer, Major General Henry W. Halleck, had planned the invasion of Mississippi, he believed that due to US Grant's failure to build fortifications was a serious problem. He immediately left his headquarters in St. Louis to take command of Grant's army. Halleck then took command of all the Union forces in the area of Shiloh and began a slow march to Corinth. Mississippi.
The Union won this battle. Confederate leader Johnston died after being shot in the back of the knee hitting a large artery. Confederate troops took over union camps at one point. Confederates used obsolete weaponry such as flintlock and hunting rifles.Answer
True, the Confederates did have older weapons but they were still well armed.
The Confederates assembled 66 artillery guns to fire into the "Hornets Nest". This battery, referred to as Ruggles Battery, was the largest single use of artillery on North America at that time.
General Albert S. Johnston was the highest ranking Confederate general. While leading the charge towards the Peach Orchard, he was hit in his leg and bled into his boot. When they found the wound, he had bled to death. Investigation revealed he was hit with an bullet from an Enfield rifle. Based on this and the direction of the advance, the bullet was probably fired by some of his own troops. Ironically, it was through the request of Gen. Johnston that 15,000 Enfield rifles, recently smuggled through the blockade, were distributed to the Army only 3 days before the battle.
During this charge, the staff leading it included (1) the highest ranking Confederate General, (2) the Governor of Tennessee and (3) a previous Vice-President of the USA.
The 13th Light Artillery Battery(USA) set up position at a point in front of the line at the area that became known as the Hornet's Nest. Before they had time to set their guns, they were fired upon and the unit broke into a retreat without firing a shot. Several of their officers were court martialed. Custermen
After the Union troops fled some of the Confederate troops stopped to eat the rest of the Unions breakfast.
The above answers are excellent. There are, however, some additional important facts about the Battle of Shiloh:
A. The battle began with a surprise attack on General Grant's Union forces;
B. The battle took place in southwest Tennessee near the church of Shiloh on April 6th and 7th of 1862;
C. This battle was the bloodiest one in US history up to this time;
D. The first answer mentions the death of Confederate general whose full name is Albert Sidney Johnston. He was the 2nd highest ranking soldier in the Confederacy;
E. General Johnston was a West Point graduate. He had been offered the position of the 2nd highest command of the Union army by President Lincoln, but resigned from the Union army to join the Confederacy;
F. Details of the actions prior to and after the battle began can be summarized as this:
1. In March of 1862, General Grant commanded the Army of Tennessee, which had 56,000 troops, and moved his forces to Pittsburg Landing on April 3, 1862 and awaited the arrival of reinforcements;
2. Confederate General Johnston and his army of 56,000 troops concentrates his forces in Corinth;
3. Bad weather on April 3rd delays Johnston's advance to Pittsburg Landing, where Grants's forces are concentrated; and
4. On April 6th, Johnston launches the surprise attack against Grant before Union reinforcements arrive.Grant was not expecting the enemy to attack, and had told his troops to rest easy.
General John McClernand was the only brigade-commander who had kept his men on the alert.
As the battle was very close-run, McClernand could reasonably claim that he had saved Grant's reputation. This led to a long-running feud between the two leaders.
The Battle Of Shiloh took place on April 6-7 of 1862.
At the Battle of Fredericksburg Gen. Lee had between 75,000 and 80,000 effectives present at the battle.
The US Civil War Battle of Shiloh was an influence on the outcome of the war, however, by itself it did not effect the war's outcome. When Union General Buell was able to reinforce General Grant on the second day of the battle, it was a demonstration of how overwhelming numbers of troops were the keys to victory in most cases.
The Battle of Shiloh became the first horrific US Civil War battle. The amount of casualties on each side was staggering. Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston's plan was to launch a surprise attack on the forces under General US Grant, before other Union troops under General Buell could reach Pittsburg Landing. Grant had reached the Landing but felt secure, secure enough to not build proper fortifications. It was a two day battle in early April in 1862. In the first day of the conflict, General Johnston died of a bullet wound. This left Confederate General Beauregard in charge for the following day. Prior to dawn, Buell's forces arrived and reinforced Grant's troops. It was a pitched battle and when Beauregard learned his own reinforcements would not arrive in a timely manner, he had to withdraw his forces and make way to Corinth, Mississippi. Casualties number cannot be exact, however, the best estimate is over 20,000 combined in the two day battle.
The US Civil War battle of Shiloh was fought by Union and Confederate armies. The battle was fought in April of 1862. Days: 6th and 7th. At Hardin County Tennessee. Southern forces were led by Albert S. Johnston. Union forces were led by US Grant and later by General Buell. After Union reinforcements arrived, the Rebel army was forced to retreat.
The battle was named after the church named Shiloh, nearby to where the Confederates first struck.
The Battle of Shiloh was a major Union Victory in the "West" (Tennessee) It was a much needed victory for at the same time Robert E. Lee and the Confederates were doing well in the East (Virginia) so Grant's win at Shiloh was a morale boost. It also moved the Union closer to its "western goal" of gaining control of the Mississippi River thus "dividing and conquering the South". However, Shiloh also highlighted a weakness in Grant and his career suffered heavily following the battle of Shiloh. Confederate forces would have inevitably won Shiloh if backups from Sherman had not arrived, before this occurred the confederates were winning. Shiloh is also significant as it was one of the most deadly battles in American history.
The Battle of Shiloh began on April, 6, 1862, when the confederate troops of General Albert Sidney Johnston surprised some of General Ulysses Grants Union troops who camped at Shiloh Church. After one day of of the bloodiest battle at that time, the southerners had driven the Northeners far back until the Tennesse River. The battle was six miles long. During the night Gants troops surprised Johnstons troops and defeated his army. General Johnston died in that night.
The Battle of Antietam started on Sept. 17, 1862, after the union found an attack order of Robert E. Lee wrapped around some cigars. On Sept. 17th, the Confederates had about 40,000 troops while the Union had about 75,000 troops and about 25,000 more in reserve. During the first three hours about 12,000 soldiers were killed or wounded. By the end of the day, the Union had about 12.000 killed soldiers while the confederacy had about 14.000 killed soldiers. The Battle of Antietam became the bloodiest battle of the Civil War.
At the Battle of Shiloh....it is known as the bloodiest battle for both sides of both the Union and Confederacy.
April 6, 1862 through April 7, 1862
Death Toll for Confederacy
Dead - 1,723
Missing - 959
Death toll for Union
Dead - 1,754
Missing - 2,885
The battle of Shiloh took place in Tennessee NOT Pennsylvania
About 10,000 casualties on the Union side (the exact number is 13047), with 10699 on the confederate side. It was a Union tactical victory, but the Union lost more men.
The Union troops under U.S. Grant.
It was a close-run contest, and Grant was much criticised for leaving his army in a vulnerable position.
But it did actually mark the beginning of the end of Confederate influence in Western Tennessee, and the end of the war in the West was in sight. Also this battle saw the death of the Confederate General Sidney Johnston. He had been regarded as the best General in the South, and his loss greatly weakened the Confederate effort.
(1) Throughout the early stages of the 21st century China had experienced widespread instability resulting in a rift between the Chinese people and the Nationalist Government which governed them. When war broke out in 1937 the newly created Communist Party found their opportune moment to win the favour of the demoralized and dissatisfied Chinese population. (2) During the Boxer rebellion in 1900, the Chinese had taken measures to expel all foreign influences from China. This rebellion was a defining moment in Chinese history. After the Chinese army were crushed by Western forces, China was forced to repay the war costs which took a heavy toll on the already suffering Chinese citizens. It was at this stage when the first signs of revolt were seen. Chinese people became increasingly unhappy with the little respect they received from their government. This led to a revolution in which 1000s 0f years of imperial ruling came to an end. China's government then shifted to become a republic which was moderately successful until the list of 21 demands. This list enabled the Japanese to effectively control China. To the shock and horror of the Chinese population, Yuan Shikai; the republic premier complied causing an uprising throughout the Chinese people. The republic government was quickly overthrown marking the beginning of the warlord era; this was a time of famine, war and suffering. The warlord era allowed warlords to fight for more land killing thousands in their paths. To make matters worse it was at this time that China experienced a terrible drought mixed with the hectares upon hectares which were destroyed during the wars. However in 1922 the Nationalist party also known as the Guomindang stepped in to take control of the war torn country. Nationalism is the devotion of interests towards one nation acting independently. The Nationalists had 3 principals which were all in turn broken, Nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people. (3) The Nationalist government combined with the Communist government to great affect ending the wars and starvation. The Communist party was led by Mao Zedong who had grown up on a farm experiencing China's hardships first hand. He had later enlisted in the Nationalist army around the time of the revolution. He then went to study at the Peking University where he was first educated in the theories of Communism. Mao became heavily influenced by the theories of Marxism which prompted him to join the Chinese Communist Party. Mao Zedong's patriotism and firm beliefs in Communism allowed him to quickly gain the position of Communist Party leader. He swiftly took advantage of the unstable relationship between the farmers and the Nationalists by gaining the support of the predominantly poor citizens. The leader of the Nationalist party was Sun Yat-sen who believed in reclaiming China from the warlords to return peace and stability to the populace. His efforts were all in vein because following his death in 1925; Chiang Kai-shek became the new leader of China. Kai-shek was a greedy and appalling leader caring not for the people whom he represented. (4) During the mid 1920's the Communist support grew making Kai-shek hatred of the Communists grow. In addition to this, the Communist Party had been establishing Workers Unions which fought for workers rights. This slowed down Chinese industry considerably creating more tension between the Nationalists and the Communists. In 1927 Kai-shek instructed those loyal to him to destroy the Communists in what would come to be known as "The Shanghai massacre". By doing this Kai-shek destroyed all relations with the Communist party and any hopes of national prosperity. Kai-shek aimed to rid the entire country of Communists and commenced a campaign of bloodshed. This was a clear indicator of the Nationalist parties disregard for peace in China. (5) The Communist party managed to escape and continue enlisting the help of volunteers across the countryside the whole time being pursued by the blood thirsty Nationalists. The prospect of every person receiving equal provisions allowing all citizens to become moderately well of as opposed to having people at either end of the spectrum was a great attribute for Communist recruitment. Although at these early stages the Communists were unable to mount any effective campaign against the Nationalists due to their depleted numbers. The Communist Party continued to resist the Nationalist invasion but were far more concerned with the deterioration of Japanese Chinese relations. Communist priorities were to "Go North and fight the Japanese. Leading up to the start of the second Sino war, Nationalist armed forces were in heavy conflict with Communist Chinese forces. Nationalist China exhausted the bulk of their man power into defeating the Communists failing to acknowledge a pending Japanese invasion. On July the 7th 1937 the biggest war ever between two Asian nations broke out. This came as a shock to the Nationalist and grand leader of China Chiang Kai-shek, whose policy was "first internal pacification before external resistance". This policy clearly demonstrates the Chinese inability to prepare for an inevitable invasion. Despite the quickly advancing Japanese troops, Nationalist China remained pessimistic on defeating the Communist forces while completely ignoring a far worse situation. Kai-shek seemed reluctant to order his troops to fight the Japanese, concentrating instead on defeating the Communists. This ignorance in disregarding a national emergency far greater than the quest to rid China of Communists caused the Chinese public to loose yet more faith in the Nationalist Party. The Communist Party was quick to establish a truce in fear that soon there would not be a China to conquer. Communist and Nationalist troops combined to create the National Revolutionary Army. World War 2 marked the beginning of the end for Nationalist China. (6) It was during this time that the Nationalist Party really started to loose the support of the Chinese population. Until then the war between the Nationalists had been far greater in numbers heavily outnumbering the Communists. However, after the actions which occurred during the second Sino war, Nationalist support plummeted while Communist support skyrocketed. This eventually led to the Communist takeover. After the alliance of the Communists and the Nationalists, the Nationalists continued to make a series of incredibly bad mistakes that poorly affected the Nationalists support. Among these were the first few battles fought between the Chinese and the Japanese.The Nationalist soldiers used brute force to drive captured Chinese peasants; who were forced to leave their families to fight the Nationalists war for them, into a war with Japan. These so called "recruits" received absolutely no training, no equipment and were badly treated by their captors. Reports exist that the Chinese peasants were so poorly treated; being starved and beaten, that they were tied up at night in fear they would abandon their post. This malice shown to their own people ultimately led to mass slaughters on the battlefield where Japan made huge gains into China. The vast majorities of the Chinese peasants were killed due to their terrible commanders. Any Chinese person who failed to comply with the Nationalists demands was killed. It was estimated that 44 percent of Nationalist conscripts died or deserted before they even reached their units. This demonstrates the lack of support given to the Chinese peasants as they were forced to join the Nationalist "suicide squads". To make matters worse Chinese peasants experienced a tax increase on top of their already huge taxation. This tax hike caused innocent citizens to starve without any pity from their leaders. Chinese people were forced to travel vast distances to transport grain and goods to tax deposits. Women and children peasants had no choice but to work due to the huge tax increase and the high level of conscription. Kai-shek printed more money to continue the war causing high level inflation in which prices rose by 237 percent. The Nationalist government did little to help the Chinese people throughout the war years leading to a sharp decline in Nationalist support. (7) Another drop in soldier morale could be accounted for by the Nationalist officers terrorization of their own soldiers. Many officers were poorly trained and due to the suicidal orders given to them by their superiors, even surrendered whole units to the Japanese. These appalling tactics initiated by the Nationalists caused the once mighty Nationalist China to become weak and hated by their own people. Another factor leading to the eventual change to a Communist government was the in comparison, highly effective tactics of the Communist units. During World War 2 Communist forces were able to enlist many peasants into the Communist army.The Communist government was perfect for the poor Chinese farmers who for years had worked receiving little money and respect with the newfound Nationalist government doing little to ensure their human rights. With the new prospect of Communism, farmers began to doubt the effectiveness of Nationalism creating an unstable relationship between the workers and the government. It was at this stage that China began in its downhill spiral to a Communist government. The Communist units were reported to have a series of successes on the battlefield launching guerrilla missions behind Japanese lines. These successful raids with well trained soldiers led to a boost in morale of Communist troops. Not only were the Communists fighting a war, but they were improving the lives of Chinese citizens by developing policies which aimed at economic, political and social reforms. Due to the favourable actions of the Communist Party, Communist support increased rapidly. It seemed that the Communists were achieving the majority of the victory's fighting in around 75% of the conflicts China was involved in. (Pg 244 Inquiry 1) (8) Towards the latter stages of the war a series of skirmishes between the Nationalists and the Communists rekindled the Chinese civil war. So instead of fighting just the Japanese, the Chinese were also fighting each other. Once again the Communists; now greater force; triumphed, defeating the Nationalists in a series of conflicts. During the 2nd Sino Japanese war it was obvious to see that the Nationalist Party was far weaker than it was at the beginning of the century, and the Communist Party was not only stronger, but also more up to date with human rights. At the end of the war, Communist China had gained a great deal of land as a result of the depleting Nationalist Party. Heavy fighting between the aimless Nationalist troops and the high morale Communist troops had landed in Communist favour almost every time leading to the Nationalists decline in land ownership. By 1945 it could be clearly seen that it was only a matter of time until the Communist Party gained full control of China. The fighting between the Nationalists and the Communists rekindled after the war. The tables had affectively turned; now the Communists occupied the majority of the land and possessed the larger army and support network. Whereas the Nationalists were now outnumbered with little support. Nationalist's poor strategies during the war had sealed their doom. The United States now focused on ridding the world of Communism gave their support to the Nationalists while the Soviet Union continued their support of the Communist party. This is labelled as one of the contributors to the cold war. Within 4 years of the conclusion of World War 2, the Communists were in complete control of mainland China. The Nationalists were pushed all the way back to Taiwan were they remained. If not for the outbreak of World War 2 it is unlikely that the Communists would have ever come into control of China. Communist tactics and policies led to an enormous rise in support whereas Nationalist brutality led to a decline in numbers. (9) Due to the actions of the Nationalist party during World War 2, Communism became the new government of China. Because of Nationalist China's violation of human rights, lack of military tactics and total disregard for the first priorities of China, the Nationalist Party promptly and deservingly lost control of China. If not for the events which took place during World War 2, it is highly possible that the Chinese public would not have found Communism as necessary and therefore Communism would have been wiped out in China. Japan's invasion of China changed not only Chinese history, but also impacted heavily on world history.
The Richmond-Petersburg Campaign. Petersburg, Virginia. Generals Grant and Meade -vs- Generals Lee and Beauregard. Over 104,000 soldiers engaged and almost 12,000 casualties. Confederate Victory.
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