Burns are injuries to the flesh that are caused by chemicals, electricity, heat, radiation or sunlight. While most burns affect primarily the skin, it is important to know that large burns can also be fatal.

1,187 Questions
Conditions and Diseases
First Aid

What is the best treatment for 2nd and 3rd degree burns?

First Aid for Second-Degree Burns

What are second-degree burns?

Second-degree burns are more serious than first-degree burns because a deeper layer of skin is burned. They can more easily become infected. Also, if the burn affects more than 10% of your skin, you may go into shock because large quantities of fluid are lost from the burned area.

All second-degree burns greater than 2 to 3 inches in diameter should be treated by a medical professional. Smaller burns can usually be treated at home.

What causes second-degree burns?

Second-degree burns are usually caused by:

* deep sunburn

* exposure to flames

* contact with hot liquids

* burning gasoline or kerosene

* contact with chemicals.

What are the symptoms of second-degree burns?

The skin is bright red and blotchy and has blisters. It usually looks wet because of the loss of fluid through the damaged skin.

Second-degree burns are often very painful.

What is the treatment?

The goals of treatment for second-degree burns are easing the pain and preventing infection.

For second-degree heat burns without open blisters, follow these steps:

* Remove jewelry or tight clothing from the burned area before it begins to swell.

* Flush the burn with cool running water or apply cold- water compresses (a wet towel or handkerchief) until the pain lessens. Do not use ice or ice water, which can cause more damage to the burned area.

* Try not to break the blisters. If the blisters break, the exposed skin can become infected.

* Cover the burn with a clean (sterile, if possible), dry, nonfluffy bandage such as a gauze pad. Do not put tape on the burn.

* Do not put ointments, grease, petroleum jelly, butter, or home remedies on the burn. These substances can hold the heat in, making the burn worse.

* Keep burned arms or legs raised to reduce swelling.

* Get medical help for second-degree burns greater than 2 to 3 inches in diameter or for burns on the hands, face, penis, buttocks, or vaginal area.

For second-degree heat burns with open blisters, follow these steps:

* Do not remove clothing if it is stuck to the burn.

* Do not run water over the burn or use water on the bandage because it increases the risk of shock.

* Cover the burn with a clean (sterile, if possible), dry, nonfluffy bandage, such as a gauze pad. Do not put tape on the burn.

For extensive second-degree burns that are more than 2 to 3 inches in diameter, see your doctor.

* You will need extra fluids to replace the large quantities of fluids your body loses through the burned area. Your doctor may give you fluids intravenously (through a tube into your vein).

* Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics because the burned skin can no longer protect your body from infection by airborne bacteria.

* Your doctor will either lightly bandage the burned area with an antibacterial dressing or leave it unbandaged.

* Your doctor will prescribe medicine to kill the pain.

* Your doctor may recommend a skin graft to lessen scarring.

* Your doctor may give you a tetanus booster.

For chemical burns, follow these steps:

* Flush liquid chemicals from your skin thoroughly with running water for 15 to 30 minutes.

* Remove any clothing and jewelry on which the chemical has spilled.

* Brush dry chemicals off the skin if large amounts of water are not available. Small amounts of water will activate some chemicals. Be sure to keep the chemicals away from your eyes.

* Cover the burn with a dry, loose bandage.

How do I take care of a burn?

After you have cleaned and bandaged the burn, leave it alone for at least 24 hours to allow the healing process to begin.

Preventing infection in the exposed skin is an important part of the treatment for second-degree burns. If you have been told to change your bandages, follow these procedures to help prevent infection:

* Wash your hands carefully with soap and water.

* Place the fresh bandage on a clean towel.

* Take off the old bandage gently. Soak it off if it sticks to the burn.

* Wash the burned area gently.

* Check for any changes or worsening of the burned area, such as pus, swelling, or increased redness.

* Apply a thin layer of antibiotic cream to the burn.

* Cover with the clean bandage.

How long will it take a second-degree burn to heal?

Usually, second-degree burns heal in 10 days to 2 weeks. There may be few or no scars if the burn was not too extensive and if infection is prevented.

When should I call a doctor?

See your doctor immediately if you have any of the following:

* fever

* puslike drainage from the burned area

* excessive swelling of the burned area

* increased redness of the skin

* numbness or coolness of the skin beyond the burned area on arms and legs

* a blister filled with greenish or brownish fluid or one that becomes hot again or turns red

* a burn that doesn't heal in 10 days to 2 weeks.


What to do if you burnt your hand with an iron?

Remember to turn the iron off then run your burned hand under cold water until the pain subsides. If the burn is very bad then you should seek medical attention for it.

Put ice on it. Works


It develops when your skin gets burned?

Blisters are the one which will develop when a skin gets burned

Conditions and Diseases
First Aid

How do you know what kind of burn you have?

As usual, the most important aid to diagnosing any disease, condition or injury is to find out the mechanism of injury (how the injury happened), and the history.

If you see a bottle of acid toppled over, lying next to the patient, it would be logical to assume the burn is chemical. However, don't always assume what you see is what caused it.

The best person to help you diagnose the burn is the patient himself. Ask him what happened, how it happened, how long ago since it happened and what the pain is like (tingling, sharp and how bad it is).

As a general rule, any burn that takes up 5% or more of the body's surface area will require immediate medical attention.

WARNING: Make sure that you are not putting yourself in any danger by assisting the patient. Burns caused by electricity can cause a serious hazard as the electricity source may still be live. NEVER approach a scene which will jeopardise your safety.

When in doubt of the patients condition, always seek medical aid.

First Aid

What type of burns require immediate medical care due to the location of the burns on the body?

A type of burn that requires immediate medical treatment due to the location of the burn would be on the face, hands and feet, and genitalia. Face, genitalia, hands, and feet all require prompt attention. The face and genitalia because of their connections to the nervous system, the hands and feet because of their location at the far points of the circulatory system.

Computer Monitors
Deforestation and Habitat Loss

What is burn-in?

Burn-in is the reason computer screensavers were invented. Burn-in happens when an image is displayed too long on a screen. This only happens with traditional CRT "tube" televisions and monitors and plasma TVs and monitors. It has been an especially big problem with rear-projection TVs. On these TVs and monitors, the tubes beam electrons onto the back of a phosphor-coated screen. If the images don't move for an extended period of time they can become permanently etched on the screen. FYI rear projection TVs now use light passing through an LCD. Burn in isn't nearly as big an issue with modern rear projection and LCD projection screens as it was with the older ones. It's also not nearly as big an issue as with plasma and LCD TVs, which have some pretty intense burn ins. The biggest problem you have to worry about with LCDs is dead pixels. Pixels die and just turn black, or sometimes white. The biggest problem with Plasmas is the fact that the actual plasma in the TV weakens over time and the brightness of the screen is drastically reduced over time. We have three at work that we bought about a year ago and they've lost approximagely 25-35% of their brightness already. LCD projection TVs have LCDs in them, so they can suffer from pixel death as well. Rear projection TVs without LCD projection can have their R, G, and B guns burn out - but those guns can be replaced (although it's sometimes expensive).


Does cold water make sun burns hurt less?

I have found that it does. You can take a bag full of ice or maybe a chilled can of soda and put it on your sunburn. It does offer some relief from the sunburn.

First Aid

How can you heal a motorcycle burn as quick as possible?

Second-degree burn

When the first layer of skin has been burned through and the second layer of skin (dermis) also is burned, the injury is called a second-degree burn. Blisters develop and the skin takes on an intensely reddened, splotchy appearance. Second-degree burns produce severe pain and swelling. If the second-degree burn is no larger than 3 inches (7.5 centimeters) in diameter, treat it as a minor burn. If the burned area is larger or if the burn is on the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or over a major joint, treat it as a major burn and get medical help immediately. For minor burns, including first-degree burns and second-degree burns limited to an area no larger than 3 inches (7.5 centimeters) in diameter, take the following action: * Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cold running water for at least five minutes, or until the pain subsides. If this is impractical, immerse the burn in cold water or cool it with cold compresses. Cooling the burn reduces swelling by conducting heat away from the skin. Don't put ice on the burn. * Cover the burn with a sterile gauze bandage. Don't use fluffy cotton, which may irritate the skin. Wrap the gauze loosely to avoid putting pressure on burned skin. Bandaging keeps air off the burned skin, reduces pain and protects blistered skin. * Take an over-the-counter pain reliever.These include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Aleve) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others). Never give aspirin to children or teenagers. Minor burns usually heal without further treatment. They may heal with pigment changes, meaning the healed area may be a different color from the surrounding skin. Watch for signs of infection, such as increased pain, redness, fever, swelling or oozing. If infection develops, seek medical help. Avoid re-injuring or tanning if the burns are less than a year old - doing so may cause more extensive pigmentation changes. Use sunscreen on the area for at least a year.

Military Medicine

What type of burn causes both entry and exit wounds?

The most obvious answer is an electrical burn.

Electricity will always try to earth itself, so if if you get an "entry" burn by touching a live wire with your hand, you may also have burns on the soles of your feet or anywhere along the path that the current took.

Burns from explosions of incendiaries (phosphorus, magnesium, aluminum) might also qualify as answers for this question. These highly reactive metals can burn right through a limb.

Medical Terminology
Medical Billing and Coding

What does circumferential burn mean?

It is a burn that goes all the way around a body part. For example, it is a burn that is fully around a finger, around a leg, etc., instead of only on one side or one spot on the limb or digit. It is used to describe burns in a medical record and for use in determining the extent of a burn in the medical coding for billing in the treatment of burn patients.

Circumferential comes from circumference - a word meaning "around something".

Chemical Bonding

Why is a steam burn more severe than a hot water burn?

Previous answer was "It can be at a higher temperature" that's true but not nearly the whole story. A magicaly property of water-steam is the huge amount of energy involved in the "Latent Heat of Vaporization", that's the energy required to vaporize water to steam after the fluid is at boiling temperature (nominal 212F). To heat water takes about 1 BTU/lb-Deg F so heating water from 112 to 212 takes about 100 BTU, once at 212 F it take another about 1,000 BTU to vaporize it, no change in temperature, still at 212 F. So going the other way, such as with a steam burn your skin must remove that same 1,000 BTU just to condense the steam before the temperature drops at all. So answer is not just the temperature but the huge amount of energy in the steam that holds that temperature. With water, by the time 100 BTU/lb are transferred to your body, water is down to 112 F, if you get hit with steam, your body must absorb 1,100 BTU/lb of steam before you get to that condition. Get it? 11-time more energy so a very much worse burn.


What do you do when you burn your hand with hot water?

It depends how bad the burn is. Always put your hand in cold water immediately. Polysporin is really good to put on it too.

First Aid

What do you do if you get burn?

The treatment for a burn depends on its severity and the chemical or substance that caused it. The general treatment for burns is to immerse it in cold running water for 15 - 20 minutes. The general treatment plan can be outlined in the three Cs or three Bs of burn care:

Cool (run under water)

Cover (to stop burning)

Call for Ambulance (111 in New Zealand)


Burning Stoppped (the source of burning is ceased)

Breathing Maintained (life is preserved)

Body Examined (no other injuries are found).

Integumentary System (skin)

At what temperature does skin burn?


at about 130 degrees F

Skin ignites at 480 degrees F

Oral Health and Dental Care
First Aid

Should you put toothpaste on your burn?

No. The best treatment for a minor burn is to hold it under cold (not ice) water for a few minutes. Never put tooth paste, butter, creams, or anything greasy on a burn, since it can actually hold the heat in, and cause even further discomfort or injury. Use only medications specifically made for burns. If the burn is bad enough that it blistered the skin, treat it with an approved OTC medication for burns, and keep a dry bandage on it until the blister begins to heal. If the burn is severe, you need to see a doctor immediately.

Medical Terminology

What is necrosis of burned skin?

Acute, non healing burn


What do the different degrees of burns mean?

1st degree is just when the skin turns red, maybe with a little inflammation. 2nd degree is when there is a blister. 3rd degree is when the skin is charred.

Synonyms and Antonyms
First Aid

What do you put on a burn?

If the burn is very recent, you can immerse the burn in cool running water for 10-15 minutes in order to lower the temperature and stop the burning process. Besides water, you don't put anything on a burn except a clean, dry dressing -- when performing first aid, you can also use clingfilm applied loosely in case the burn swells. This is because ointments can attract dirt, dust, and microorganisms, and anything but a clean, dry dressing may become stuck to the burne, thus increasing the chance of additional damage to the burned tissue. You should go to hospital, If the burn is larger than your hand, If any part of the burn looks black and charred or you have a burn on your face hands feet or genitals.

Natural remedies:For minor burns, herbs such as calendula, comfrey root, and goldenseal can be used.
  • Calendula is anti-inflammatory and antibacterial. Calendula gel can be applied several times a day.
  • Comfrey root promotes the growth of new cells. A herb poultice can be made.
  • Goldenseal is a topical antibiotic and can be applied several times a day (gel form).

However, it is best to consult an herbalist before using herbs, especially if this is not a minor burn.

Answer 2:For minor burns you can use a gel like substance such as Aloe Vera. If the burn is severe or a minor burn looks like it is becoming infected, you will need to get it looked at by a doctor either through a walk in clinic, or through your local emergecy dept.

One thing you must never do is burst any blisters that form. If you do, you open an immediate walk-in centre for germs. The body will reduce them in time.


First thing you do for a first degree burn is to put what on it?

For first and second degree burns(redness and blisters), you can run the burn under cool water. You can also apply an ice pack or some Aloe Vera gel/spray. If it is really bad, call 911.


What are some Homeopathic remedies for small 2nd degree burns?

Some of the homeopathic remedies for burns are arnica montana, cantharis, causticum, hypericum, etc


What replaced picric acid for treating burns?

If you are looking for something to replace picric acid. There is a white cream that you can buy to put on burns. It helps to take the sting out of the burned area. It also helps to protect against infections. The white cream you are looking for is called Flamazine. It works really well, I have used it my self and it worked for me. It will also help to minimize the amount of scaring if it is a really bad burn. And when I used it, it starts working as soon as I put it on. I just can remember if I got it over the counter or not. I hope this helps you out. I'm dying to know

Spinal Cord

How can burn injuries be prevented?

Burn injuries are not only caused by fires. They can also be brought about by chemicals, such thioniumglycote and acid. Those are chemical burns.

Mostly common sense and caution. Don't leave irons,stoves,ovens,etc... on and/or plugged in

Military Medicine

What type of burn would cause entry and exit wounds?

Electrical burns look like an in-and-out gunshot: small entry with big exit. The entry port - surrounding skin will look "leathery".

High velocity spatter (spalling) from an armor piercing round will cause an entry and exit wound with a severe burn.

White phosphorus and similar materials including magnesium flares can burn straight through an extremity.


How do you treat a carpet burn?

What you can do is either

* mash up a banana with some honey and yoghurt, and apply it on daily (sounds stupid, works a treat) * Vaseline * Some lip balms * Aloe * Moisturizer with Aloe

Hope U feel better soon!!!


Skin Care
First Aid

What do you put on a popped burn blister?

Pawpaw cream and a bandaid


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