Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus was a famous Polish astronomer and mathematician. He was best known for his work “On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres,” which states that the Sun is the center of the solar system.

3,390 Questions
Astronomy
Planetary Science
Copernicus

Who confirmed the heliocentric theory?

Galileo. He used mathematical calculations and was arrested by the Catholic Church because of it. The church believed that all the planets (wanderers) circled around the Earth. Galileo thought differently and that's why he was arrested, but in court he had to admit there was no proof.

Galileo postulated the idea that the Sun is at the centre of the solar system, as Copernicus had done, and the Catholic Church supported the idea as a useful model for calculation. Galileo had no way of knowing the Sun is actually at the centre, that was not known until later dynamic theories showed that having the Sun at the centre is most likely because it contains the minimum energy of all possible models. Now that is accepted by everyone including the Catholics.

The heliocentric theory we use now is not the Copernican theory put forward by Galileo. All Copernicus's circles and epicycles were replaced by elliptical orbits after the time of Kepler and Newton. So Galileo's idea of having the Sun at the centre is the only thing that has survived.

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Astronomy
Copernicus

Why was the geocentric theory disproved?

Because it isn't correct. The Sun does not go around the Earth; the Earth goes around the Sun.

This is not to say that the geocentric version isn't useful; there are many places in which a geocentric viewpoint makes the mathematics easier. Celestial navigation is a good case in point; the math in a heliocentric world is a nightmare, while cel nav using geocentric coordinates is fairly simple. And generally, close enough.

Again, although considered close enough, the Earth doesn't actually orbit the sun either. The sun, the Earth and all planets orbit the gravitational centre of the solar system which just happens to be inside the sun. Apart from the Earth's slightly elliptical orbit around this centre, the sun is just a little further away when the Earth is between Jupiter (the largest planet) and the sun and just a little closer when Jupiter is on the other side of the sun to us.

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Copernicus

How did Nicolas Copernicus discoveries benefit society?

HOW OH HOW?

because his theory, the earth, rotates daily on its axes and along with all the other planets, yearly around the sun tells us that we now know that the sun is the centre of the universe, it gives us a appropriate reading of how long a year and a day is.

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Astronomy
Planetary Science
Copernicus
The Solar System

Who postulated that the sun is center of the solar system?

Nicolas Copernicus mainly, but other astronomers like Galileo did as well (even Leonardo da Vinci did)

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The first person known to have suggested that the Sun was at the center of the solar system was the Greek astronomer and mathematician Aristarchus of Samos, about 2400 years ago.

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Science
Copernicus

What branch of science did Nicolas Copernicus study?

astronomy

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Nutrition
English to Hebrew
Copernicus
Blood

Who was the person that came up with oxygen dissociation curve?

It's a very old thing. Looks like the first person to actually draw one was Paul Bert in 1878. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=nEQAAAAAQAAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA3&dq=paul+bert&ots=NbTGhGthsE&sig=Mva7Iva21pjvejSyTsNTTPvE77k#PRA1-PA645,M1 (Page 645) Later Hufner,Loewy,Zuntz,Bohr, Hasselbach and Krogh contributed. http://books.google.com/books?id=6ODGvWAWtO8C&pg=PA1&dq=respiration#PPA69,M1 page 68,69

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Astronomy
Copernicus
Ptolemy

Who believed that Earth was the center of the Universe?

Ptolemy and later Aristotle spread this belief. The Catholic Church continued teaching this and Galileo and Copernicus had a problem changing people's minds. They had telescopes that ancient peoples didn't have so they could do that math and prove the sun was in the center of the solar system.

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Copernicus

What was the controversy caused by Copernicus' acceptance of heliocentricity?

well, one controversy was that the church during that time was not going to w=sway from Ptolemy's theory of geocentricity. They believed that the bible said that man was the center of the universe, but really, Copernicus' theory of heliocentricity was correct.Like a girls vagina

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Copernicus

How does heliocentric theory differ from the geocentric model?

The heliocentric theory is the idea that planets rotate around the sun, where the geocentric theory said that everything orbited around Earth.

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Aristotle
Copernicus

When was Copernicus universe theory state?

1543

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History, Politics & Society
Science
Catholicism
Copernicus

Copernicus had a revolutionary theory that made him unpopular with the catholic church?

His theory was that the earth revolves around the sun, as opposed to the popular belief at the time that the sun revolves around the earth. He was right.

Yes, Copernicus was eventually proven to be correct. But at the time he said he could not prove his hypothesis and taught it as just that - an hypothesis. He never got himself in trouble with the Catholic Church. Galileo, on the other hand, picked up the theory of Copernicus and taught it as proven fact, which it wasn't. THAT is what got Galileo into trouble. He actually had many supporters in the Church, including the pope.

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Copernicus
Galileo

What country did Nicholas Copernicus come from?

Poland.

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History of Science
Copernicus
Mathematicians

Who was Nicolas Copernicus?

Nicolas Copernicus was an astronomer who first gave the theory (which is now proven) that all planets revolve around the sun, which is called the heliocentric model of the solar system. The belief at the time was that the Earth was the center of the solar system/universe. We now know that Copernicus was right, but everybody in his time said he was a nutcase, and his heliocentric model didn't become popular until after Galileo and Kepler.

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Copernicus
The Solar System

Why is the sun considered in the centre of the solar system?

Because that is they way it is initially taught in school, but actually the sun is not at an exact center of solar system. All the planets are moving in an elliptical orbit and sun is at the focii or the center of that elliptical orbit. To make the calculation easy we consider the elips as circle. Therefore a hypothetical astronomer on an extrasolar planet would observe a small "wobble" in the Sun's motion.

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Creation
Charles Darwin
Copernicus
Evolution

Why is the theory of evolution so controversial?

It isn't controversial. Almost all scientists and the majority of the people of the world accept it and use it in the creation of crops, animals and medical drugs. The United States and Turkey lag the world in this understanding so the "controversy" seems to be a cultural factoid in those countries.

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Astronomy
Planetary Science
Copernicus

How did the Scientific Method lead from a transition of an Earth Centric view to a Heliocentric view of the Universe?

The basis of the "scientific method" is to observe what's happening, try to come up with an explanation, use this explanation to make a prediction, and check the prediction to see if it works. If your predictions are accurate, then you probably understand the explanation; if your predictions are incorrect, then your explanation is wrong.

Astronomers looking at the skies tried to calculate how the planets, Moon and stars would move. When they based their calculations on the assumption that the Sun went around the Earth, then none of the predictions seemed to work for very long. When they based their calculations on the idea of a Sun-centered system, and then based on the idea of elliptical motion in the orbits, then the predictions matched observation.

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Catholicism
Copernicus

Why did Copernicus get in trouble with the Catholic Church?

The Polish astronomer Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543) could be said to have had a good sense of self-preservation, because he did not publish his theories about the place of the earth in the solar system, contained in the book On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres, during his own lifetime for fear of being persecuted by the Catholic Church. He knew that his life depended on not doing so.

When it was published, after his death, the book was in Latin, so the general public was not able to read it. Academics could, but few learned people were willing to face the Church and risk death. Seventy three years after it was published, in 1616, the Church considered the book important enough to place on its Index of Prohibited Books. This was one of many instances in which the truth came second to the interests of the Church.

Although Copernicus was astute enough to avoid persecution in his own lifetime, he would in time become regarded as an enemy of the Church and his legacy was to have his works prohibited.

Roman Catholic AnswerHe did not get in trouble with the Church: the Catholic Church never condemned the theories of Copernicus. As a matter of fact, the Church supported him and urged him to publish his theories, which he did with a dedication to the current Pope. Sixty-three years after his death, the protestants objected to his theories, and subsequently, when Galileo published similar theories, Copernicus (and Galileo's work was edited to say that it was only a theory, as neither man had actually proved their theories, and there were problems with some influential Churchman at the time who thought that the theories contradicted Sacred Scripture. Please see the link below for a discussion of the matter.
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Astronomy
Copernicus
Mathematicians
The Solar System

How the Copernicus model contributed to modern understanding of the Solar System?

The Copernicus model contributed to the modern understanding of the Solar System. Copernicus was the first to produce a theory based on the idea that the Earth isn't at the centre of the solar system. While he didn't see his discovery adopted, he inspired Johannes Kepler to produce an alternative theory that retained the idea that the Sun is at the centre but introduced the idea of elliptical orbits.

After Isaac Newton's later discoveries which proved that the planets must move in elliptical orbits around the Sun, people began to accept that Kepler's theory was the right one, and they still accept it today.

Copernicus is credited with starting this process going in 1543 but it took around 150 years before Newton's theory put the finishing touches to the model of what we now call the solar system.

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Astronomy
Physics
Copernicus

Who was known for his pioeer theories about heliocentrism?

Galilei

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Copernicus
Ptolemy
Mathematicians

How did Nicolaus Copernicus' view of the universe differ from the medieval view?

he thought the earth revolved around the sun. every one else thought it was the other way round.

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Copernicus
Mathematicians

Did Nicolas Copernicus use a telescope to prove his theory?

Nicolas Copernicus did not use a telescope, the use of the telescope to study the solar system was not done until over 50 years later by Galileo.

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Astronomy
Planetary Science
Copernicus
Mathematicians

What did nicolaus Copernicus find out?

He discovered that the Earth and all of the planets revolve around the Sun.

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Physics
Planetary Science
Copernicus
The Difference Between

What is the difference between geocentric and heliocentric theories?

The Difference is that a heliocentric model says that the sun is in the center but not the exact center and all the other planets and the moon orbit the sun. But a geocentric model states that the earth was in the center and that the sun moon and stars all went around earth. That is the difference.

Heliocentric:

Also, All the planets revolve around the sun.

Stars are very much farther away than the Sun.

Any motion of the stars is a result of the Earth's rotation.

Any movement of the Sun is due to Earth's rotation and revolution about the sun.

The heliocentric model were ellipses NOT circular orbits.

Geocentric:

Epicycles added to epicycles.

Precision timing for Venus and Mercury.

Earth placed "off" center.

The Earth is located at the center of the universe and all the planets revolve around the Earth.

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Astronomy
Earth Sciences
Copernicus

What are some milestones in the development of technology used by geographers in the order in which they appeared in history?

1. scale maps

2. astrolabe

3. GIS

4. internet

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Copernicus
Galileo

What did Galileo discover that gave support to the heliocentric theory?

The Jovian moons.

Galileo had little evidence for the heliocentric theory, which was later (in the 18th century) generally accepted as correct after the laws of motion and the law of gravity showed that the Sun is by far the most massive object in the solar system and therefore must be at the centre.

Galileo did not have the other major piece of evidence supporting the heliocentric theory, which is the parallax shown by relatively close stars as the Earth moves round its orbit. Parallax is extremely small and was impossible to observe in Galileo's time, and this was used to support the idea that the Earth is at the centre. Bessel made the first measurements of parallax in the 19th century.

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