Physical and emotional reactions to events or circumstances experienced in everyday life.

4,503 Questions

What are stress moderators?

1. Emotional reactions

2. Social Support

3. Sense of humor

4. Self-esteem

Human Behavior

Is stress a learned behavior?

No; stress is a neurochemical phenomenon which every human is capable of experiencing from birth.

Some people may be more susceptible to stress, and they may learn to have a stress response to stressors when others might not. In this sense, chronic stress about specific things can be 'learned'.

Anxiety Disorders

What foods raise serotonin levels?

1 Food sources that help with serotonin production - foods high in B-vitamins (brown rice, chicken, corn ,eggs, green leafs, legumes, meat, nuts, peas, sunflower seeds, nutritional yeast), Calcium (almonds, brewer's yeast, green leafs and cruciferous vegetables, fish with bones, sesame seeds, tofu), Magnesium (green leafs, brown rice, sesame seeds, shrimp, salmon) and Tryptophan (turkey, soy foods, peanuts, almonds).

2 Essential fatty acids necessary for serotonin production are the omega 3's (fish oils found in mackerel, salmon, sardine, tuna; walnut oil, flax oil) and 6's (canola oil, chicken, eggs, flax, grape seed oil, safflower oil, sunflower oil, turkey, wheat germ oil) as well as Gamma-Linolenic Acid (black current oil, bluegreen algae, borage oil, evening primrose oil). I've also read that most people have an excess of omega 6's and need to decrease the amount of 6's in their diet in order for the 3's to function well. I guess most of us are lacking in 3's.

3 Long-term stress depletes serotonin levels. Short term stress actually increases serotonin, but after time you get burn-out and it becomes increasingly difficult for the body to produce serotonin. So reduce stress--this can be as simple as adding exercise and meditation to the daily routine or as life changing as choosing to leave a really stressful job.

4-Avoid stimulants because they deplete serotonin over time--this works the same was stress does. We're talking things like caffeine, refined carbohydrates, chocolate, sugar as well as the heavier stimulants like cold remedies, alcohol, street drugs, diet pills and tobacco.

Taken from Alpha Online A Division of Environmed Research

Neurotransmitters Serotonin

Serotonin is similar to catecholamines. It is made from the amino acid, tryptophan. Serotonin is converted to melatonin in the pineal gland. Tryptophan, derived from food, is transported to the brain to make the neurotransmitter serotonin. At the appropriate place inside a brain cell, two enzymes and vitamin B6 transform tryptophan to serotonin. Serotonin is then transferred to the sending end of the neuron (the terminal bouton of the axon), where it is used as a molecular messenger to carry information across the synapse to the receiving neuron. ...

Serotonin production is sensitive to the supply of tryptophan in the diet. The effects of serotonin were first observed in the digestive tract where it causes contractions of the smooth muscle. Serotonin is released from blood platelets and elevates blood pressure. Serotonin circuits arise from the brain stem arousal complex and reach into all areas of the brain. Increased serotonin circuit activity tends to activate abnormal behaviors. Too little serotonin is associated with sleep disturbances, loss of appetite and depression. Some antidepressant drugs increase serotonin activity and these drugs tend to decrease appetite.

Serotonin itself isn't in food. It's a neurotransmitter released into the synapse and bloodstream. However, certain foods cause serotonin to be released like candy, cereal and pasta. Anything with plenty of carbohydrates will increase serotonin levels. However, the effects won't last long, maybe only 2-3 hours.

Please don't discount chocolate in an emergency , especially for women .I don't drink alcohol, but chocolate cheers me up niceely.

Skin Care

Does dry scalp and face related to stress?

Stress may be the sole cause or one of the causes of dry scalp. It may also worsen an existing situation. However, this does not mean that in all cases dry scalp is caused by stress.


What are the 5 stages of stress?

Stage 1 is the environmental demand; stage 2 is the athlete's perception of the environmental demand; stage 3 is the stress response to the environmental demand; stage 4 is the behavioral consequences of the stress response to the behavioral demand; stage 5 is the return to a homeostatic position.

Conditions and Diseases
Symbolism and Symbolic Meanings

What would cause your little finger to tingle?

There are many possible causes of numbness and tingling:

  • Sitting or standing in the same position for a long time
  • Injuring a nerve (a neck injury may cause you to feel numbness anywhere along your arm or hand, while a low back injury can cause numbness or tingling down the back of your leg)
  • Pressure on the nerves of the spine, such as from a herniated disk
  • Pressure on peripheral nerves from enlarged blood vessels, tumors, scar tissue, or infection
  • Shingles or herpes zoster infection
  • Lack of blood supply to an area, such as from atherosclerosis, frostbite, or vessel inflammation (vasculitis)
  • Abnormal levels of calcium, potassium, or sodium in your body
  • A lack of vitamin B12 or other vitamin
  • Use of certain medications
  • Nerve damage due to lead, alcohol, tobacco or chemotherapy drugs
  • Radiation therapy
  • Animal bites
  • Insect, tick, mite, and spider bites
  • Seafood toxins
  • Nerve entrapment from the muscle (Nerves pass through multiple locations in your muscle. When scar tissue builds up sometimes the nerves get "trapped" or compressed between the soft tissue. This can also cause a tingling/numbness sensation)

medical conditions, including:

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome (pressure on a nerve at the wrist)
  • Diabetes
  • Migraines
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA), sometimes called a "mini-stroke"
  • Underactive thyroid
  • Raynaud's phenomenon (narrowing of the blood vessels, usually in the hands and feet)
Lakes and Rivers

What is the Three Stage Model of Stress Response?

Selye developed the Three Stage Model of Stress Response. This model consisted of alarm, resistance, and exhaustion.


How do you relieve stress after a hard break up?

I am not an expert in this area, but I found a great website where you can go and talk to a therapist for free. It's FeelBetterNetwork. com and they have free online support groups, free tools, and an Ask An Expert feature, where you can talk to an expert therapist online. Hope this helps you! Do realize that you are not alone with this and that might help you see through some of this.

Labor and Birth
Healthcare Coverage While Pregnant

Can stress and upset prevent labor?

prevent i dont think so. stress can make you go into labor .

calm down and take it easy ..


Can stress ans lack of sleep cause thrush?

Funny- I just researched the same question. I guess if we are asking it, we already know the answer. Im going to meditate and go to bed now and Ill bet it helps...

Public Health and Safety
Medical Terminology

What is role stress?

Role stress is the stress experienced by people because of their role (job) in the organization. They assume a role based on the expectation of the self and others at work place.


Can too much thinking kill you?

not thinking but to much stress can kill u

Anger Management

What are reasons for psychological tests?

Psychological tests are used to assess a variety of mental abilities and attributes, including achievement and ability, personality, and neurological functioning.


Health psychology focuses on?

by definition, health psychology is the field of psychology that studies the relationship between psychological factors and the prevention as well as treatments of physical health problems.

Focuses of health psychology includes researching the following:

-psychological factors that instigate physical illness

-how people can deal with stressors

-stress and pathogens

-what causes people to decide that they should seek health care

-psychological interventions, including health education and behavior modification.

source:Psychology concepts and connections

Media and Research Update

Spencer A. Rathus


Number of death caused by stress?

When i was young, my mom told me that a lot of people die from stress, from heart attacks or strokes.

Conditions and Diseases

How can nutrition prevent stress and diseases?

An organism requires various substances from the environment in order to grow and thrive. Appropriate levels of various nutrients allow the systems of the organism to function at optimum efficiency.

In the particular case of humans, a healthy diet can prevent diseases of over nutrition (obesity, type II diabetes, atherosclerosis due to dyslipidemia) and under nutrition (scurvy due to vitamin C deficiency, anemia due to iron deficiency.) An individual who is well nourished will function better and so feel better. They will also have healthier immune function and so be more resistant to infectious disease.

Periods and Conception

Can stress cause a late period?

To get a little more technical, stress actually causes you to not ovulate. Not ovulating can tell your body that you don't need to menstruate. So if something traumatic (and sometimes not so traumatic) happens right before you are due to ovulate, your body will push it later to a more optimal time. So if something happens a week before, your body may wait a week which would then in turn make your period a week late. A FANTASTIC book to read is "Taking Charge of Your Fertility" It really makes a ton of sense when you read it and then think about your body and what it is telling you. Not directely


What is the average teenage IQ?

The statistical average for all ages is "100", i.e. the mental age equals the physical age. It is likely that any given group may average higher or lower than 100. Because part of any IQ test relates "mental age" to knowing "how to think", scores tend to decrease with age. IQ's are solely a comparative figure, providing a measurement of the "potential" to learn. (see related link)


Can a company be liable for an employee under the influence of alcohol?

Maybe. If the employee is acting within the scope of his authority given by his or her employer, then it is likely that the accident will be imputed to the employer, regardless of the alcohol issue. On the other hand, if the employee is clearly outside of the scope of the terms of his employment, the employer may not be liable. For instance if an employee decides to get drunk and rob a bank while on the job, it is likely that a court would find that he/she were outside of the scope of the job. It is always 'gray'.

Absolutely, if the supervisor/owner are aware the person is intoxicated and take no action, the company and the person(s) in charge are responsible for anything that may happen due to the employee's condition. For example if the employee causes damage to property or personal injury, emotional distress, etc. to someone other than themself. The company and any persons involved can be sued for damages and in some situations criminal charges against any involved parties could apply. And possibly other serious matters such as insurance, licensing, contractual problems, and so on.


What is oncogenic stress?

A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.

Anxiety Disorders

Does seredyn really work for anxiety and panic attacks?

Seredyn is manufactured by BioNeurix Corporation and claims that their product provides fast-acting, long-lasting anxiety relief. The ingredients are quite common and there were a few concerns that came up during our review. First, all of the ingredients for Seredyn are listed but there is no mention anywhere on the site exactly how much of each ingredient is included in the formulation. This "oversight" is typically used to hide the fact that the ingredients in the product are insufficient and do not match results of clinical studies. Secondly, they claim it helps you relax in as little as fifteen minutes. While the ingredients included in the formula may have some efficacy in alleviating anxiety symptoms in sufficient quantities, there is no scientific evidence that it will work in as little as 15 minutes.

You'll often find different all natural anti-depressants containing a confusing array of ingredients. You should definitely look for a product that contains ingredients like Kava Kava, 5-HTP, Valerian, GABA, and L-Theanine which have clinical proof supporting their effectiveness. More importantly, not all products contain the quality and/or quantity of necessary ingredients to effectively minimize depression or anxiety symptoms such as fatigue, feelings of hopelessness and sadness, loss of pleasure, feelings of jitteriness or worry. That's why you'll need to do a little bit of research to find the best, most potent brand for your needs.

Janice McAllister, a respected health and wellness writer from Web Health Clinic did a fantastic review on depression and anxiety symptom relief products and their actual effectiveness in a recent feature, the results are quite surprising. See the page link listed under Related Links.

Mechanical Engineering
The Difference Between

Why is the actual shear stress of metals lower than the theoretical shear stress?

Because in theory we study regarding a perfect material but in reality the material will have many imperfections which decreases the stress required to deformed a material.

Jobs & Education

Examples of unconditional love?

An example of unconditional love would be God's love for us. He Loves us no matter what we do.


An individual is unable to make decisions or process information?



Can stress cause cramping without menstural bleeding?

Yes. Stress can cause many different kinds of physical pain: headaches, muscle cramps, stomachaches, backaches, etc.


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