Politics and Government
History of the United States
US Senators and Representatives
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The United States Congress is the two-chambered (or bicameral) legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, and consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives chosen by direct elections. The Congress convenes in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. This category expounds the functions of US congress and its various facets.
Asked in US Congress
How many members are there in the US House of Representatives?
The number of voting members in the US House of Representatives is fixed at 435. That was set by Congress in The Reapportionment Act of 1929. In addition to the 435 members representing the states, there are 6 non-voting delegates: one from the District of Columbia, one Resident Commissioner for Puerto Rico and delegates from the Northern Marianas Islands, the US Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa. The seats are apportioned to the states according to the population of each state, with every...
What is impeachment?
Impeachment is the process used by a legislative body to bring charges of wrongdoing against a public official. Basically, it is the indictment of an appointed or elected public officer on serious criminal charges. The legal basis for impeachment is stated in Article II, Section 4 of the United States Constitution: "The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery,...
Asked in US Government, US Supreme Court, US Congress
How do Supreme Court nominees get approved?
The pre-selected list of candidates is usually recommended by people in the President's political party or by members of legislation (House of Representatives and Congress) - usually it's a combination of both. After a candidate has been selected, the Senate Judiciary Committee conducts hearings (questioning) on the candidate. The hearing is meant to determine whether the candidate is qualified and suitable for the position. After the Committee reviews the nominee, they pass a recommendation to reject or confirm to the Senate floor. The Senate then...
Asked in US Constitution, US Congress
What are the two houses of the United States Congress?
The two parts of the US Congress are The United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives together constitute that which is known as Congress, which is The Legislative Branch. Senate - Upper House - currently 100 members, 2 from each state, serving 6-year terms with one-third of the members coming up for election during each two-year election cycle. The Senate is based on equal representation for all states. All states have two senators. The seats in the Senate were originally...
Why is the presidential veto such a powerful tool?
Because it requires a two thirds vote (a "supermajority") in Congress to overturn a President's veto, and this is usually quite difficult to accomplish. ...
Asked in History, Politics & Society, US Congress
The house of congress with the fewest members?
In the United States government, we have two Houses in the Legislative branch. These two Houses are the House of Representatives and the Congress. By definition, Congress has only two members per state (so, 100 members). The House of Representatives has the number of members based on the population of the states they represent. I think they have around 500 members, but don't quote me on that. So, if I understand what you're asking, the Congress is the house with the least members. I...
Asked in US Government, US Congress
How many Representatives are in the US House of Representatives?
There are 435 representatives in the House, compared to 100 senators in the Senate. This is the number reached when new seats were added in 1913, and the number was locked by the Reapportionment Act of 1929. From 1959 to 1963, there were temporarily 437 seats. There are 6 other non-voting delegates. There are 5 elected 2-year delegates, one each from Washington DC, Guam, American Samoa, the Marianas, and the US Virgin Islands. Puerto Rico has a non-voting Resident Commissioner as a delegate...
Asked in US Congress
How much does a us congressman make?
The current salary for all senators and members is $174,000. The salary for the speaker is $223,500 and the salary for the majority and minority leaders is $193,400. Members of Congress are covered by the same retirement plans as other federal employees, the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) for those hired, or elected, before 1984, and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) for those whose service began in 1984 or later. There are some differences in retirement age eligibility, years of service required,...
What special powers do independent regulatory commissions possess?
Independent Regulatory Commissions Regulatory Commissions have a special place in the federal bureaucracy. They are independent of the three branches of government. The President appoints the members with Senate approval. Unlike other bureaucrats, these agencies do not report to the executive branch and the President cannot fire them. Members of the commissions serve for a fixed term. The independent regulatory commissions were created to make rules for large businesses that effect the interest of the public. Not only do they regulate the conduct of these...
Asked in US Presidents, US Congress
How can a citizen get a bill passed in congress?
You can write, e-mail or call a congressman who thinks the way you do and explain what you think should be done. Maybe he will introduce the bill you want. Lobbying via various organizations the citizen belongs to may also help get the bill passed. But, to be specific, a citizen cannot themselves introduce a bill in Congress - only an actual Member of Congress can do that. ...
Asked in US Constitution, US Supreme Court, US Congress
Who determines the size of the US Supreme Court?
Congress has the sole authority to decide how many Justices sit on the Supreme Court. The US Constitution does not stipulate the size of the Supreme Court. Currently Title 28 of the United States Code Section 1 provides for 1 Chief Justice and 8 Associate Justices. Congress has changed the number of justices several times, the last time being in the Judiciary Act of 1869. The Judiciary Act of 1789 created the first Supreme Court with six members, a Chief Justice and 5...
Asked in US Constitution, US Congress
Why did framers of the constitution have two different parts of congress?
Assuming you mean two different "houses" of Congress - It was a great compromise between delegates who insisted that states with larger populations should have more say than states with fewer ... and the counter argument that under such rule, larger states would essentially run the country (to the exclusion of more sparsely populated states, but who would be contributing to the national coffers). So the Senate was created so that each and every state should have the same weighted vote, and the...
Which of the following includes expressed implied and inherent a political disorder b concurrent powers c delegated powers d implied powers?
Delegated powers (those delegated to the federal government) Expressed were clearly stated in the Constitution, implied are not stated but necessary for the federal govt to accomplish those that are stated, and inherent are powers the federal govt has simply by nature of being a govt for the people. ...