US Congress

The United States Congress is the two-chambered (or bicameral) legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, and consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives chosen by direct elections. The Congress convenes in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. This category expounds the functions of US congress and its various facets.

21,421 Questions
US Congress

How many members are there in the US House of Representatives?

The number of voting members in the US House of Representatives is fixed at 435. That was set by Congress in The Reapportionment Act of 1929. In addition to the 435 members representing the states, there are 6 non-voting delegates: one from the District of Columbia, one Resident Commissioner for Puerto Rico and delegates from the Northern Marianas Islands, the US Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa.

The seats are apportioned to the states according to the population of each state, with every state getting at least one representative. Currently, seven states have only one representative. California has the most at 53. Every 10 years the Census Bureau provides the population numbers. Some states gain representatives and some states lose representatives but the total number stays at 435.
435

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US Congress
Unemployment Extensions

Did congress pass the unemployment compensation extension today June 23 2010?

NO. Not yet, not sure what they are waiting for..

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US Presidents
US Constitution
US Government
US Congress

What is impeachment?

Impeachment is the process used by a legislative body to bring charges of wrongdoing against a public official. Basically, it is the indictment of an appointed or elected public officer on serious criminal charges. The legal basis for impeachment is stated in Article II, Section 4 of the United States Constitution:

"The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."

The House of Representatives is the only body that can impeach federal officials. If a federal official is impeached, a trial by the Senate follows, which is where guilt and the potential removal from office is debated. It is important not to confuse impeachment with conviction. Impeachment is just a formal accusation; it is only the first step in removing a public official from office.

The idea of impeachment in the United States is usually discussed in reference to the president, although only two presidents have ever actually been impeached, compared to seventeen officials in other positions. Andrew Johnson was impeached on February 24, 1868, on charges of violating the Tenure of Office Act by removing Secretary of War Edwin Stanton from office. William ("Bill") Clinton was impeached on December 19, 1998, on charges of lying under oath to a federal grand jury and obstruction of justice. Both Johnson and Clinton were acquitted in the Senate. Impeachment proceedings against Richard Nixon had made it out of committee, but he resigned from office on August 9th, 1974 before it could be debated on the House floor.

Impeachment inquiries have been attempted on a number of presidents throughout the United States' history, including John Tyler, Harry Truman, and Ronald Reagan. In fact, every elected president since 1980 has been the subject of at least one Congressional resolution that suggested impeachment inquiries.

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Business Finance
US Congress

Who will allow to introduce Finance Bill?

President

President of financial department. He has right to do that if has an application to change that.

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US Government
US Supreme Court
US Congress

How do Supreme Court nominees get approved?

The pre-selected list of candidates is usually recommended by people in the President's political party or by members of legislation (House of Representatives and Congress) - usually it's a combination of both.

After a candidate has been selected, the Senate Judiciary Committee conducts hearings (questioning) on the candidate. The hearing is meant to determine whether the candidate is qualified and suitable for the position.

After the Committee reviews the nominee, they pass a recommendation to reject or confirm to the Senate floor. The Senate then votes for or against the candidate. In order to become a Supreme Court Justice, the nominee must receive a simple majority (51 votes) of the Senate, unless a group chooses to filibuster, in which case a three fifths super majority is required to complete the appointment.

It is highly unlikely that a candidate will be rejected. Since 1789, the Senate has rejected 30 out of the 144 nominees, the most recent being Robert Bork in 1987.

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US Constitution
US Congress

How many members does Indiana have in Congress' House of Representatives?

8

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US Congress

What determines each state's number of representatives in the US House of Representatives?

50,000

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US Presidents
US Constitution
US Congress

How can a president veto be overridden?

If a 2/3rds majority of BOTH houses of Congress vote to override the veto, the bill becomes law.

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US Congress

Which states have only one representative in the house of representatives?

There are currently seven states that only have one Representative: Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming.

There are other territories that don't have any Representatives in the House, but they do have a different kind of representation—the District of Columbia, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa each have one non-voting Delegate, and Puerto Rico has a non-voting Resident Commissioner that fills much the same role in the House. They can't vote, but they can serve on committees.

Representatives are allocated by population, which is counted every ten years by the census. This year, 2020, is a census year, and the House will be automatically reapportioned based on that data in 2023.

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US Congress

How many members of congress does Alaska have?

Alaska only has one House Representative(due to its small population) and two Senators(amount for all states.)

So three Congress members in total.

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US Constitution
US Congress

What are the two houses of the United States Congress?

The two parts of the US Congress are The United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives together constitute that which is known as Congress, which is The Legislative Branch.

Senate - Upper House - currently 100 members, 2 from each state, serving 6-year terms with one-third of the members coming up for election during each two-year election cycle. The Senate is based on equal representation for all states. All states have two senators. The seats in the Senate were originally appointed by the State Legislatures but, with the 17th Amendment, were opened to popular vote.

House of Representatives - Lower House - currently 435 members, representing approximately equal numbers of citizens, serving 2-year terms with all members coming up for election each two-year election cycle. The House is based on population and the number of representatives is based on how many people are in your state. The seats in the House of Representatives were always filled by popular vote.

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US Constitution
Political Office Holders
US Congress

Why is the presidential veto such a powerful tool?

Because it requires a two thirds vote (a "supermajority") in Congress to overturn a President's veto, and this is usually quite difficult to accomplish.

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History, Politics & Society
US Congress

The house of congress with the fewest members?

In the United States government, we have two Houses in the Legislative branch. These two Houses are the House of Representatives and the Congress. By definition, Congress has only two members per state (so, 100 members). The House of Representatives has the number of members based on the population of the states they represent. I think they have around 500 members, but don't quote me on that.

So, if I understand what you're asking, the Congress is the house with the least members.

I hope that helps.

U.S. SENATE,ONLY 100 MEMBERS

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US Government
US Congress

How many Representatives are in the US House of Representatives?

There are 435 representatives in the House, compared to 100 senators in the Senate.

This is the number reached when new seats were added in 1913, and the number was locked by the Reapportionment Act of 1929. From 1959 to 1963, there were temporarily 437 seats.

There are 6 other non-voting delegates. There are 5 elected 2-year delegates, one each from Washington DC, Guam, American Samoa, the Marianas, and the US Virgin Islands. Puerto Rico has a non-voting Resident Commissioner as a delegate in the House, with a four-year term. The delegates have committee seats in the House and have voting rights there, but cannot vote for a bill's passage on the floor.

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The reason for the limited number of representatives was to avoid a House so large that it would become unwieldy. Congressmen had every incentive to keep the number low to maintain the political power of each member. But the result has been that the size of constituencies has increased dramatically.

With one exception, the total voting membership of the House of Representatives had been increased after each of the official censuses from 1790 to 1910, at the time of the apportionments. Even though the apportionment is a Constitutional requirement, it was not done following the 1920 census. If it had been done as required, even without an increase to the total of 435 seats, 12 seats would have been transferred from one state to another, including an increase of three seats for California.

During the formation of the US Constitution the subject regarding the size of the House of Representatives came up. When a maximum congressional district size of 40,000 was proposed, George Washington, in one of his few comments regarding the debates, warned that 40,000 was too large and that 30,000 would be a more appropriate maximum. While the State of New York was debating whether or not to ratify the US Constitution, one of the delegates, Melancton Smith, warned that since increasing the number of Representatives would decrease the share of power of each existing Representative, they should not be expected to be inclined to do so. He went on to say, "It is, therefore, of the highest importance that a suitable number of representatives should be established by the Constitution."

The 12th proposed amendment of the Bill of Rights, the only one never ratified, would have established a maximum representation, and a minimum corresponding size of the House. Under that plan, the legal minimum number of Representatives in 2010 would have been 6189, including at least 12 for Wyoming and at least 746 for California. The average congressional district size is over 700,000 people, and the current population of the largest district is well over 990,000.

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US Congress

How many members of congress have college degree?

As of 2009 27 congressmen and one senator were without college degrees. Since the midterm elections in 2010, more republicans reside in the house, so it is likely that that number has gone up.

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US Congress

What is the main building of us congress called?

Capitol

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US Congress

How much does a us congressman make?

The current salary for all senators and members is $174,000. The salary for the speaker is $223,500 and the salary for the majority and minority leaders is $193,400.

Members of Congress are covered by the same retirement plans as other federal employees, the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) for those hired, or elected, before 1984, and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) for those whose service began in 1984 or later. There are some differences in retirement age eligibility, years of service required, and contributions. Members elected after 1984 also participate in Social Security.

As of October 1, 2007, the average annual pension for former members under the CSRS plan was $63,696; for those under the FERS plan, $36,732.

"Frequently Asked Questions." Library of Congress - Thomas. Library of Congress. Web. 17 July 2010. .

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Politics and Government
US Government
US Congress

What special powers do independent regulatory commissions possess?

Independent Regulatory CommissionsRegulatory Commissions have a special place in the federal bureaucracy. They are independent of the three branches of government. The President appoints the members with Senate approval. Unlike other bureaucrats, these agencies do not report to the executive branch and the President cannot fire them. Members of the commissions serve for a fixed term. The independent regulatory commissions were created to make rules for large businesses that effect the interest of the public. Not only do they regulate the conduct of these industries but they have the power to determine who will receive licenses to operate. They also have the power to investigate these businesses they regulate. Examples of Independent Regulatory Commissions are the Federal Communications Commission and the Federal Reserve Board. MrV
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US Presidents
US Congress

How can a citizen get a bill passed in congress?

You can write, e-mail or call a congressman who thinks the way you do and explain what you think should be done. Maybe he will introduce the bill you want. Lobbying via various organizations the citizen belongs to may also help get the bill passed.

But, to be specific, a citizen cannot themselves introduce a bill in Congress - only an actual Member of Congress can do that.

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US Constitution
US Supreme Court
US Congress

Who determines the size of the US Supreme Court?

Congress has the sole authority to decide how many Justices sit on the Supreme Court. The US Constitution does not stipulate the size of the Supreme Court.

Currently Title 28 of the United States Code Section 1 provides for 1 Chief Justice and 8 Associate Justices. Congress has changed the number of justices several times, the last time being in the Judiciary Act of 1869.

The Judiciary Act of 1789 created the first Supreme Court with six members, a Chief Justice and 5 Associate Justices. Congress adjusted the size of the Court a number of times through the during the 19th-century.

  1. Judiciary Act of 1789: Court size 6
  2. Judiciary Act of 1801: Court size, 5
  3. Repeal Act of 1802: Court size, 6
  4. Seventh Circuit Act of 1807: Court size, 7
  5. Judiciary Act of 1837: Court size, 9
  6. Tenth Circuit Act of 1863: Court size, 10
  7. Judicial Circuit Act of 1866: Court size, 7
  8. Habeas Corpus Act of 1867: Court size, 8
  9. Judiciary Act of 1869: Court size, 9

After the election of President Ulysses S. Grant, Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1869, which set the Court's membership at nine. This number has remained the same ever since.

In 1937, Franklin D. Roosevelt attempted unsuccessfully to expand the membership of the court to gain support on the Court for his New Deal programs. He proposed adding one justice to the Supreme Court for every member over 70.5 years of age, with the potential of adding as many as six additional justices, for a total of 15. Congress refused to pass Roosevelt's legislation; however, the President had an opportunity to nominate eight justices* to vacancies that occurred during his terms of office, which created a court more receptive to his ideas.

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US Constitution
US Congress

What can a member of congress cannot be held for?

failure to pay taxes

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US Congress

Congress has complete control over the territories?

congress does have complet control over the territories as it states in the constitution.READ THE CONSTITUTION!!

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US Constitution
US Congress
Plural Nouns

What is veto?

The rejection or overruling of a bill by the president
Veto is a constitutional right to reject a decision or a proposal that was made by a law-making body.

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US Constitution
US Congress

Why did framers of the constitution have two different parts of congress?

Assuming you mean two different "houses" of Congress -

It was a great compromise between delegates who insisted that states with larger populations should have more say than states with fewer ... and the counter argument that under such rule, larger states would essentially run the country (to the exclusion of more sparsely populated states, but who would be contributing to the national coffers).

So the Senate was created so that each and every state should have the same weighted vote, and the House of Representatives would be based upon volumes of people subject to a shorter term of office holder.

News commentators, when they claim the citizenry can overthrow the government every two years, are referring to the congressional ballot of the House of Representatives!

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Politics and Government
US Constitution
US Congress

Which of the following includes expressed implied and inherent a political disorder b concurrent powers c delegated powers d implied powers?

Delegated powers (those delegated to the federal government) Expressed were clearly stated in the Constitution, implied are not stated but necessary for the federal govt to accomplish those that are stated, and inherent are powers the federal govt has simply by nature of being a govt for the people.

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