Vital Signs

Vital signs are measurable indicators of essential body functions. The vital signs of a human being are his/her temperature, respiratory rate, heart beat called the pulse rate, and blood pressure. All of these vital signs can be observed, measured, and monitored. When these values are not zero, they indicate that a person is alive.

3,243 Questions
Vital Signs
Body Temperature

What temperature is considered a fever?

Technically, a fever is any temperature above your normal temperature; most adults' normal temperature is 98.6° Fahrenheit. A low-grade fever for most adults would be slightly elevated, between around 98.7° F and 100.4° F, for a period of 24 hours. A high-grade fever is usually in the 103-104° F range and is cause to seek medical attention.

For infants and toddlers, the threshold is slightly lower. You should seek medical attention for a child under 3 months who has a rectal temperature of 100.4° F or higher. For children 3 to 6 months, seek medical attention if they’re especially irritable, lethargic or uncomfortable with a rectal temperature of 102° F, or have a rectal temperature above 102° F. For children 6 to 24 months, seek medical attention for a temperature of 102° F or higher that lasts longer than a day with no other symptoms; if they have other symptoms, you can seek medical attention sooner.

Pregnancy Symptoms
Vital Signs

What are the symptoms right before your period?

Reasons for Menstrual Period Symptoms

Studies indicate that almost 80% women suffer the effects of menstrual discomforts. The world over women experience some typical symptoms of menstrual period flow. But we first need to know the mechanics behind the activity to understand why these symptoms appear and what makes them such a problem.

Every month a woman's ovaries release one egg into her uterus. This egg stays there , waiting to be fertilized, and after a few days, is discharged from the uterus along with its tissue lining . This was the lining that had been prepared by nature to create a soft, warm cocoon for the fetus that would have been conceived had the egg got fertilised. This is nature's own baby basket and its warm lining.

But when the egg doesn't get fertilized, and is expelled from the body with a bloody vaginal discharge, this is called the menstrual flow. This process is called menstruation. As this blood, tissue and the egg flow out from the vagina, they cause some physical discomfort but most of the pain associated with the menstrual flow is largely hormones related.

Menstrual Period Symptoms

The most common symptom of menstruation is the pain in the abdomen. In many cases this is located at the lower abdomen or lower back area. The pain usually starts from a couple of days before the actual flow starts and is generally referred to as PMS - Pre-Menstrual Syndrome. There are other symptoms that are equally discomforting but until very recently it was dismissed as female drivel , fuss over a pain that is nowhere else except for in the imagination. But science has now established that discomforts and pain during the menstrual flow are not psychological, they have very physical roots. Most of these pains are caused by dramatically fluctuating hormone levels in the body. Whoever said that the ability to give birth would come easy?

The pain or menstrual cramps usually come because during the first five days of the menstrual period, the uterus is contracting in spasms, in order to shed the lining. The pain is a much milder form of what she will experience during childbirth, also a contractions- led activity. The muscle contractions here are cause by a chemical called prostaglandins. This hormone causes the muscles of the uterus to contract for a longer period of time, sometimes depriving it of oxygen. This is what causes menstrual cramps.

Then after 14 days, the hormonal level changes to prepare for the release of the next egg. The hormone levels of both estrogen and progesterone keep rising till about 4 days before the next period, and then, if fertilization has not taken place, they fall. This sudden change causes more irritation and emotional imbalance in a woman. People refer this discomfort to, when they talk about 'that time of the month'.

Around the time ovulation happens there is a pain in the back, abdomen or even dizziness. Just about a week before the actual menstrual period flow starts, the woman may experience bloating. This is water retention on legs and around the middle, sometimes even the face. The other symptoms are breast tenderness, decreased activity levels and lack of sleep. Some women also experience changes in appetite while some others break out in acne. There sometimes seems to be a slight loss of coordination, so many women experience trouble in driving in this PMS state. A woman approaching this time usually experiences attacks of anxiety and social withdrawal. The most common of all symptoms, is irritability or moodiness, depression and angry outbursts. Nausea, headache, gas in the abdomen, indigestion and sometimes even diarrhea are common symptoms and pains of menstrual period. If these pains get more severe than normal, they are taken to be a disorder called dysmenorrhea.

The bad news is that menstrual pain and discomfort does not spare any woman who is in the fertile age bracket, usually between 12 and 51. Class, culture, body type, even race make no difference.

Vital Signs
Respiratory Rate

Normal respiratory rate for an 8 month old?

We had to take our 8 month old to the ER the other day for shortness of breath and the hospital told us 28-30 breaths a minute is normal.

Body Piercing
Vital Signs
Public Health and Safety

Can you go swimming if you just got your toenail removed?

It is not a good idea to go swimming when one has just had their toenail removed because it might become infected. It also depends on where you are swimming. Swimming in chlorinated water can be painful as the chlorine will "burn" your wound and you will be in pain. Rivers, lakes, and other open water bodies contain bacteria and parasites that can infect your wound.

Laboratory Testing
Vital Signs

How much is normal body temperature?

98.6 degrees Fahrenheit

The normal body temperature in degrees Celsius is between 36.5 and 37.0

Child Health
Vital Signs

What vital signs do you need for triage?

* Level of consciousness (ie. Critical/stable/potentially unstable). * Pulse rate. * Breathing rate. * Skin temp. Other vital signs (that can be taken during triage) are: * Breath and heart sounds (with stethoscope). * Blood pressure.

Conditions and Diseases
Child Health
Vital Signs

How does pain affect vital signs?

Generally pain will cause blood pressure and the pulse to increase. In my experience respirations will decrease due to patients holding their breath

Vital Signs

What are the indications of vital signs?

Vital signs are always indicated. In every patient, trauma or medical, stable or unstable. Always, ALWAYS, check vitals.

Vital Signs

Convert 37.2 degrees Celsius to Fahrenheit?

37.2 degrees Celsius is 98.96 degrees Fahrenheit.

Vital Signs
Body Temperature

Will a heating pad raise body temperature?

Not really. In terms of physics: yes, you are adding heat to a set of molecules, therefor it will get warmer. But you are not a closed system: you lose a lot of heat from evaporation and IR radiation. The heating pad will warm up a specific area of skin and muscle, but will not raise your core temperature unless you are under a lot of blankets (in which case your own trapped body-heat will also raise it), and even then, your body will work hard to prevent it from raising it very much.

Vital Signs
Heart Rate
Respiratory Rate

What is the normal pulse rate for an adult?

The normal pulse rate for an adult is 60 to 100 beats per minute. In general, people that are physically fit have lower resting pulse rates, while people that are less physically fit tend to have a bit higher resting pulse rates.

Vital Signs
Body Temperature

What body temperature does an ant have?

The ant's body temperature is according to place's temperature.

Vital Signs
Fetal Development
Fetal Movement

What if fetus heartbeat is 140 is it a boy or girl?

Fetus sex can be determined by ultrasound only after the genitals have somewhat formed. It is not possible to determine the fetus's sex judging by HR. Although women have a higher HR than men, extrapolation to fetus is not possible keeping in mind things go a lot different when you breathe amniotic fluid instead of air.

Vital Signs

How many degrees Fahrenheit is 43 degrees Celsius?

deg F *9 / 5 + 32 = 109.4 F

Vital Signs
Body Temperature

Is 98.8 normal temperature for an adult?

The 'Normal' temperature of an adult is 98.6 degrees. This is considered normal body temperature. However, many factors such as food and drink, environment, medications, etc. can change bodily temperature. 98.8 Is ideal.

Vital Signs

What are the objectives of doing vital signs?

It is important to check for high (or low) blood pressure - as hypertension places people at risk of stroke, heart disease, and end organ damage. Also, a fast (or slow) pulse, or an irregular pulse may indicate an arrythmia which would need to be treated. Fast (or slow) repiratory rate would be of concern for pulmonary, as well as some cardiac, conditions. Elevated temperature, or fever would be indicative of possible infection, requiring further work-up.

Vital Signs

Normal pulse rate of a person?

I would say 70 to 100 depending on age.

Vital Signs

What is normal oxygen level for an elderly patient?


Vital Signs
First Aid

What makes a person pass out?

Fainting is a temporary loss of consciousness that is spontaneously recovered after only a brief period of time. People faint because of a lack of blood flow and decreased oxygen to the brain.

People most often faint as the result of an abnormal circulatory reflex. Some people faint at the sight of blood, in a crowded room, or even from excessive coughing. This is referred to assituational fainting and might affect a person repeatedly, but only in a very specific situation.

People may also faint when standing up after lying down. Referred to as postural fainting, this results from a decreased flow of blood to the brain, usually as the result of a drop in blood pressure. Postural fainting can occur after significant blood loss, dehydration, or a change in cardiovascular medication, or as a side effect to other medications. Certain medical conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and migraine headaches, can also serve as a catalyst for fainting.

Most people who faint experience symptoms beforehand. These symptoms may include lightheadedness, blurred or "spotty" vision, dizziness, and weakness. People who observe someone about to faint might notice paleness, sweating, and dilation of the pupils. In most situations, people who faint regain consciousness within a moment or two.

Vital Signs

Does the dental office takes vital signs?

western dental takes my blood pressure

Vital Signs
Immune System

Why do white blood cells clump together?

Leukoagglutination is extremely rare in health individuals and is far more common in those suffering from infections, sepsis, lymphoproliferative disorders, alcoholic liver disease, hemophilia, and autoimmune diseases.

Periods while Pregnant
Birth Control Pill
Vital Signs

For 2 months i had my period twice in each month and this month i haven't started my period so what does this mean?

Have you recently started a new form of birth control or been pregnant? I wouldn't worry until the whole month has passed without a cycle. If you are losing sleep over it, I would call the gyno.

Vital Signs

Can a person have a fever of 107 degree Fahrenheit?

It is possible to have a fever of 107 degrees F. When a fever is this high, it is important to safely get it down as quickly as possible, but not to bring it down too fast.

Vital Signs
Bone Pain and Fractures
Skeletal System

How long does it take a fracture in the foot to heal?

== == In a healthy child or adult the normal healing time is usually 6 to 8 weeks.

Conditions and Diseases
Skin Care
Vital Signs
Skin Disorders

What does it mean if your nose is completely red but your not sick and you don't have a sunburn?

I once had it.

Some sort of skin irritation to some food or environment.

See a skin doctor, he'll most likely give you some pills and medicine to put on your nose.

It's no big deal.


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