Advantages and disadvantages of telephone systems?
Telephone systems are now evolving. We have the VoIP system where in calls are routed over the internet. The benefits of this sytem are far greater compared to the traditional phone. Its disadvantages are its reliability to the the internet connection and to the main power source. If these systems went down your VoIP pbx system will also go down.
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A disadvantage of using this method would be that the interviewee could randomly end the interview without warning or explanation, by hanging up the phone. This is understanda…ble given the numerous marketing calls people are bombarded with on a daily basis. To minimize this type of no response problem, it would be advisable to call the interviewee ahead of time to request involvement in the survey, giving an estimated idea of how long the interview would last and setting up a mutually convenient time. In doing this, interviewees are shown courtesy which they tend to appreciate making them more likely to operate. What are the advantages of telephone interviewing? There are a number of advantages of conducting employment interviews by telephone: . Telephone interviews are simpler to arrange, and the process itself takes much less time than face-to-face interview sessions. . When using this method as an initial screening process, the cost of interviewing a large number of candidates is much lower than if they were interviewed in person. . Telephone interviewing also cuts costs when candidates live far away, since most businesses reimburse interviewee travel expenses. Using the telephone to screen out unsuitable candidates can greatly reduce these costs. . This format is an ideal way to assess a candidate's telephone manner. This is particularly helpful if the job requires telephone communication skills or is heavily customer-service based. . For automated interviews, the list of questions can be completely standardized. This facilitates more objective decisions based entirely on core criteria, removing personal perceptions or biases from the process. . Are there any disadvantages to telephone interviewing? Although telephone interviews can be very useful, there are limitations. These include: . Candidates may be unfamiliar with the format or uncomfortable using the telephone, which could make them nervous and/or provoke uncharacteristic responses. . It is difficult to make a thorough assessment of a candidate over the telephone. Non-verbal behavior or body language, both of which are important in forming an opinion of people, cannot be gauged over the telephone. . Telephone interview candidates learn less about your business than those who visit your premises and meet potential colleagues in person. The on-site experience helps candidates decide whether they wish to pursue the interviewing process. It is important to remember that the recruitment process works both ways, providing an opportunity for candidates to assess your business as it allows you to assess them. .
One of the advantages of the telephone is that it can connectpeople from different locations. Telephones also provide a realtime communication avenue. Disadvantages of telepho…nes may includehigh costs and poor infrastructure.
Advantage : Easier and fasterfor communicate and techology is advancing.. Disavantage : Need to use electricity (will cause global warming and earth with lack of fossil fuel …to produce eletricity).
system software:- is use to create the software to service the computer hardware. Application software:-is use to create the software for users
Advantage: you can speak to anyone in the world. Disadvantage: idiots who don't understand time zones can wake you up in the middle of the night.
Computer systems are helpful because they allow people to increasetheir productivity. One disadvantage to computer systems is thefact that you have to learn how to use them ef…ficiently.
The advantages to using the telephone is that you can hear the callers voice, and often get a faster response. A disadvantage is that there is often no record of the call or …what is said, so it is your word versus the callers word in a dispute over the content of the discussion.
Advantages of Expert Systems . Well-functioning expert systems can mean . increased distribution of expertise . broader job description for individual workers . n…ew services . a new communication channel for knowledge . more efficient education . faster adaptation to changing conditions \ . Advantages: . Provides consistent answers for repetitive decisions, processes and tasks . Holds and maintains significant levels of information . Encourages organizations to clarify the logic of their decision-making . Never "forgets" to ask a question, as a human might . Can work round the clock . Can be used by the user more frequently . A multi-user expert system can serve more users at a time Disadvantages: . Lacks common sense needed in some decision making . Cannot make creative responses as human expert would in unusual circumstances . Domain experts not always able to explain their logic and reasoning . Errors may occur in the knowledge base, and lead to wrong decisions . Cannot adapt to changing environments, unless knowledge base is changed
advantages are you can get in touch with someone from far away, you can make a call for delivery, you can make calls in case of emergency. disadvantage is people became lazy f…or some instances.
what are the advantages and disadvantages of a telephone box
well i dont think you can move it around with you
A good advantage of telephone support is a lot of call centers are open 24 hours, with representatives ready to help. The unfortunate part (and this may sound racist, I'm sorr…y ahead of time) Most of them are from the middle-east to India areas and if you're calling for technical support in the middle of the night, you're not going to be able to understand half of what they say :) No offense!
Telephone and communication are the need of the hour but access of it, gives you cell phone addiction so we can compare both Advantages and dis advantages of telephone in life… naturally ...
You do not name the system. Need a noun here. oh and that is not an actual question unless it is rhetorical or you are expressing disbelief by repeating what you are suppose…d to do, i.e. if a teacher tells you to do something, (Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this system), and you ask a question to clarify it. Oh and since you never actually name any system in your question then it can be listed and grouped with anything, such as politics, computers, hierarchy, etc.
Telephones allow for relatively instantaneous connection between people, though it is simply auditory in nature so you have no visual cues (body language, facial expressions).… The telephone allows for ideas to be communicated swiftly over great distances without the need to be in the same room as someone.
An advantage would be its old and an antique and a disadvantagewould be its niot quick and esy to use like an normal telephone. telephone switchboard is a telecommunications… system used inthe public switchedtelephone network or in enterprises to interconnect circuits of telephones to establish telephone calls between the subscribers orusers, or between other exchanges. The switchboard was an essentialcomponent of a manual telephoneexchange , and was operated by one or more persons, called operators who either usedelectrical cords or switches to establish the connections.. The electromechanical automatic telephoneexchange , invented by Almon Strowger in 1888, gradually replacedmanual switchboards in central telephone exchanges starting in 1919when the Bell System adopted automatic switching, but many manualbranch exchanges remained operational during the last half of the20th century in offices, hotels , or otherenterprises. Later electronic devices and computer technology gavethe operator access to an abundance of features. In modern businesses , a private branch exchange (PBX) oftenhas an attendant console for theoperator, or an auto-attendant , which bypasses the operatorentirely. . Contents [ hide ]. 1 Operation 2 History 3 Virtualswitchboard 4 References 5 Bibliography . Operation[ edit ] . U.S. Air Force operatorworks a switchboard in the underground command post at Strategic Air Command headquarters, Offutt Air Force Base , Nebraska in 1967.. The switchboard is usually designed to accommodate the operator,who sits facing it. It has a high back panel, which consists ofrows of female jacks, each jack designated and wired as a localextension of the switchboard (which serves an individual subscriber ) or as an incomingor outgoing trunk line. The jack is also associated with alamp. . On the table or desk area in front of the operator are columnsof keys, lamps and cords. Each column consists of a front key and arear key, a front lamp and a rear lamp, followed by a front cordand a rear cord, making up together a cordcircuit . The front key is the "talk" key allowing the operatorto speak with that particular cord pair. The rear key on older"manual" boards and PBXs is used to physically ring a telephone. Onnewer boards, the back key is used to collect (retrieve) money from coin telephones . Each of the keys has threepositions: back, normal and forward. When a key is in the normalposition an electrical talk path connects the front and rear cords.A key in the forward position (front key) connects the operator tothe cord pair, and a key in the back position sends a ring signalout on the cord (on older manual exchanges). Each cord has athree-wire TRS phoneconnector : tip and ring fortesting, ringing and voice; and a sleeve wire for busy signals . . When a call is received, a jack lamp lights on the back paneland the operator responds by placing the rear cord into thecorresponding jack and throwing the front key forward. The operatorthen converses with the caller, who informs the operator to whom heor she would like to speak. If it is another extension, theoperator places the front cord in the associated jack and pulls thefront key backwards to ring the called party. After connecting, theoperator leaves both cords "up" with the keys in the normalposition so the parties can converse. The supervision lamps lightto alert the operator when the parties finish their conversationand go on-hook. Either party could "flash" the operator'ssupervision lamps by depressing their switch hook for a second andreleasing it, in case they needed assistance with a problem. Whenthe operator pulls down a cord, a pulley weight behind theswitchboard pulls it down to prevent it from tangling. . On a trunk, on-hook and off-hook signals must pass in both directions. In aone-way trunk, the originating or A board sends a short foroff-hook, and an open for on-hook, while the terminating or B boardsends normal polarity or reverse polarity. This "reverse battery"signaling was carried over to later automatic exchanges. History[ edit ] . Telephone operator, c. 1900.. The first telephones in the 1870s were rented in pairs whichwere limited to conversation between those two instruments. The useof a central exchange was soon found to be even more advantageousthan in telegraphy . In January 1878 theBoston Telephone Dispatch company had started hiring boys astelephone operators. Boys had been very successful as telegraphyoperators, but their attitude (lack of patience) and behaviour(pranks and cursing) was unacceptable for live phonecontact,  so the companybegan hiring women operators instead. Thus, on September 1, 1878,Boston Telephone Dispatch hired Emma Nutt as the first woman operator. Small towns typically had theswitchboard installed in the operator's home so that he or shecould answer calls on a 24 hour basis. In 1894, New England Telephoneand Telegraph Company installed the first battery -operated switchboard on January9 in Lexington,Massachusetts . . Early switchboards in large cities usually were mounted floor toceiling in order to allow the operators to reach all the lines inthe exchange. The operators were boys who would use a ladder toconnect to the higher jacks. Late in the 1890s this measure failedto keep up with the increasing number of lines, and Milo G. Kellogg devised the Divided Multiple Switchboard foroperators to work together, with a team on the "A board" andanother on the "B." These operators were almost always women untilthe early 1970s, when men were once again hired.  Cord switchboards were often referredto as "cordboards" by telephone company personnel. Conversion to Panel switch and other automatedswitching systems first eliminated the "B" operator and then,usually years later, the "A". Rural and suburban switchboards forthe most part remained small and simple. In many cases, customerscame to know their operator by name. . As telephone exchanges converted to automatic ( dial ) service, switchboards continuedto serve specialized purposes. Before the advent of direct-dialedlong distance calls, a subscriber would need to contact the long-distance operator in order toplace a toll call. In large cities, there was often a specialnumber, such as 112, which would ring the long-distance operatordirectly. Elsewhere, the subscriber would ask the local operator toring the long-distance operator. . The long distance operator would record the name and city of theperson to be called, and the operator would advise the callingparty to hang up and wait for the call to be completed. Each tollcenter had only a limited number of trunks to distant cities, andif those circuits were busy, the operator would try alternateroutings through intermediate cities. The operator would plug intoa trunk for the destination city, and the inward operator wouldanswer. The inward operator would obtain the number from the localinformation operator, and ring the call. Once the called partyanswered, the originating operator would advise him or her to standby for the calling party, whom she'd then ring back, and record thestarting time, once the conversation began. . A large Bell System internationalswitchboard in 1943. In the 1940s, with the advent of dial pulse and multi-frequency operatordialing, the operator would plug into a tandem trunk and dial theNPA (area code) and operator code for the information operator inthe distant city. For instance, the New York City informationoperator was 212-131. If the customer knew the number, and thepoint was direct-dialable, the operator would dial the call. If thedistant city did not have dialable numbers, the operator would dialthe code for the inward operator serving the called party, and askher to ring the number. . In the 1960s, once most phone subscribers had directlong-distance dialing, a single type of operator began to serveboth the local and long distance functions. A customer might callto request a collect call, a call billed to a third number, or aperson-to-person call. All toll calls from coin phones requiredoperator assistance. The operator was also available to helpcomplete a local or long-distance number which did not complete.For example, if a customer encountered a reorder tone (a fast busy signal), it couldindicate "all circuits busy," or a problem in the destinationexchange. The operator might be able to use a different routing tocomplete the call. If the operator could not get through by dialingthe number, she could call the inward operator in the destinationcity, and ask her to try the number, or to test a line to see if itwas busy or out of order. . Cord switchboards used for these purposes were replaced in the1970s and 1980s by TSPS and similar systems,which greatly reduced operator involvement in calls. The customerwould, instead of simply dialing "0 . Before the late 1970s and early 1980s, it was common for manysmaller cities to have their own operators. An NPA (area code)would usually have its largest city as its primary toll center,with smaller toll centers serving the secondary cities scatteredthroughout the NPA. TSPS allowed telephone companies to closesmaller toll centers and consolidate operator services in regionalcenters which might be hundreds of miles from the subscriber.
There are many advantages of a Telephone System Installion. A business would really benefit from the service provided. Wiring and cabling are very important for productivity. …Although there are many people out there that are more then capable of doing this themselves, Ii would not feel comfortable installing CAT5 etc. I will leave this to the pros.