Artificial element of atomic number 99 found in the debris of hydrogen bomb in 1953?
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The atomic bomb was a pure fission device, utilsing compression of a sub-critical uranium (Little Boy) (or plutonium: the Fat Man nuclear weapon) to cause an explosion. The H-bomb is a 'hybrid' device utilising a 'primary' charge that is effectivly an atomic bomb but a 'secondary' charge is also us…ed, a container of hydrogen (deuterium and/or tritium) which undergoes fusion due to the heat/pressure/neutrons released by the primary. Atom: pure fission H-bomb: fission/fusion hybrid (MORE)
Leo Szilard invented the atomic fission bomb in 1933 inLondon while crossing a street. He applied for a patent on it in1934 and was granted that patent (GB630726) in 1936, at which timethe British Admiralty classified the patent to prevent Nazi Germanyfrom seeing it, the patent remained classified …until 1949. Szilardworked on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos helping develop theatomic fission bomb. It is unclear exactly who invented the hydrogen fusion bomb as itcame up in many group discussions early in the Manhattan Project.Edward Teller liked to have people believe he was the inventor, butthat is unlikely. However Teller became fixated on it (calling itthe Super Bomb) to the point that he began to hinder other people'swork on the atomic fission bomb and finally Oppenheimer had tolimit Teller's access to others on the project (which Teller neverforgave him for). Before the war ended Teller had completed ahydrogen fusion bomb design that he called the Classical Super butwas not allowed to try building it. However in December 1945 andJanuary 1946 a simulation of Teller's Classical Super design wasrun on the ENIAC, but it showed the design was an unworkablefailure and serious work on hydrogen fusion bombs effectively diedat that time (although Teller persisted at working alone on them inhis spare time). In 1949 a team working on atomic fission bomb improvements at LosAlamos developed an idea to improve the core compression of anatomic fission bomb (and thus its efficiency and yield) using aconcept called "staging", where a small atomic fission bomb wouldbe used to compress a second larger atomic fission bomb thus givinga much higher yield. However the team ran into problems developingthe equations for a computational model of this design. They senttheir mathematician Stanislaw Ulam to consult with Edward Teller onthese equations. Teller immediately saw that this "staging" conceptwas the feature needed to get the high compression and temperatureneeded to finally make his hydrogen fusion bomb design workable. By1950 working together Stanislaw Ulam & Edward Teller hadinvented the modern staged hydrogen fusion bomb design (usuallycalled the Teller-Ulam configuration, although Teller kept tryingto denigrate and diminish Ulam's contributions). Note: H. G. Wells created the name "atomic bomb" for his 1914science fiction novel The World Set Free , but did not haveanything to do with their invention. (MORE)
What is the maximum number of covalent bonds an element with atomic number of 15 can make with hydrogen?
the element wit atomic num. 8 is oxygen and it can make 2 bonds wit hydrogen, creating water
What is the maximum number of covalent bonds an element with atomic number of 8 can make with hydrogen?
The element with an atomic number of 8 is Oxygen. It has 2 electrons in the first shell and 6 in the second, leaving a valence of 2. Oxygen, therefore, can form covalent bonds with only two Hydrogen atoms. This is also known as water.
Atom bombs work by the principle of atomic fission (splitting largeatomic nuclei), while hydrogen bombs work by atomic fusion(combining small atomic nuclei). The hydrogen bomb is hundreds orthousands of times more powerful than the atom bomb. The hydrogenbomb uses an atom bomb as a trigger. The ter…m "atomic bomb" is a general term that can be applied to anynuclear weapon. What kind of weapons are there and where does thehydrogen bomb fit in? There are fission devices (the "regular" atomic bomb),fission-fusion devices (the clean hydrogen bomb) andfission-fusion-fission devices (the dirty hydrogen bomb). In the atomic bomb (fission device), uranium or plutonium isforced into a "critical mass", causing the atoms of the element tofission or "split" into the smaller atoms of other elements. Whenthey split, they give off neutrons that split even more of theatoms (i.e. chain reaction). Each atom gives off a tremendousamount of energy as a tiny fraction of its matter is converted. In the clean hydrogen bomb (fission-fusion device), the heatgiven off by a fission explosion is directed at a container offusible hydrogen (deuterium and/or tritium). The heat and pressurecauses the hydrogen to fuse into helium, the same process thattakes place in the Sun and stars. This reaction produces anincredible amount of energy, because again a tiny amount of matterfrom each atom is converted. In the dirty hydrogen bomb (fission-fusion-fission device),the energetic neutrons from the fusion explosion are so numerousthat a casing of "ordinary" uranium (mostly U-238) will alsofission, creating a fantastic amount of energy (up to 90% of thetotal yield of the bomb can be from this fission). Thicker casingsor additional stages could theoretically create massive bombs 1000times the power of fission bombs. The largest bomb ever tested, the50-megaton "Tsar Bomba" of the Soviet Union, was built with thisdesign (three stage design: fission primary, fusion secondary,fusion tertiary). If it had used actual uranium around the thirdstage, it could have yielded 100 megatons or more. However, thefallout from such a bomb would be large and widespread, riskingcontamination of areas far beyond the target. In the configurationtested, the "Tsar Bomba" was actually the cleanest nuclear bombever detonated (in terms of amount of fallout per kiloton ofyield), even though it produced more total fallout than any othernuclear bomb ever detonated (because of the very high yield). The design used by modern weapons was created by the physicistsEdward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam in 1951. The " Hydrogen " bomb refers to the "Fusion" of a HydrogenIsotope on an Atomic scale by way of steps of multiple reactionsthus yielding a much more powerful explosion upwards of 500 MillionTons of TNT. It is also known as " ThermoNuclear ". The" Atom " or " A " bomb refers to the "Fission" or"Fusion" of Uranium or Plutonium in a single stepreaction, rather than multiple steps,yielding an explosion. (MORE)
A hydrogen bomb is a fusion nuclear weapon, and the "regular" atomic bomb is a fission one. Both are an example of an "atomic bomb" in the general sense. But we know what you're asking, and here's the answer.. In a fission weapon, subcritical masses of fissile material (usually plutonium) are drive…n together with conventional explosives to cause criticality, supercriticality and the blast. In a hydrogen bomb, the only way to get things hot enough for fusion to begin to occur is by virtue of the heat generated by a fission weapon. A fission blast will, if things are set up correctly, set off a fusion blast. Big, big, big boom! That's the long and short of it. To build a hydrogen (fusion) weapon, you have to build a fission bomb "around" or "up against" components to cause fusion to occur in the heat of the fission reaction when that fission bomb goes off.. Our sun is a gigantic fusion machine. It is similar to a hydrogen bomb in that both fuse hydrogen into helium. On the sun, it happens all the time in a continuous event. Here on earth, it's a one-shot affair and a massive boom! (MORE)
Rg - Roentgenium with 111 as its atomic # and (272) as the atomic mass U - Uranium with 92 as its atomic # and (238) as its atomic mass.
Atomic bombs contain uranium (highly enriched in the isotope 235 U) or plutonium (a very specific isotopic composition).
its an atom and an element. and big bang did not make the solar system.
A uranium bomb is a kind of fission bomb. A fission bomb uses aconventional chemical explosive to create a supercritical mass ofcertain metals that have unstable nuclei (like Uranium 235 orPlutonium 239). It usually does this by "imploding" a sub-criticalmass of the metal and crushing it to such a d…ensity that it becomessupercritical (the critical mass is smaller when density ishigher). When a supercritical mass is of the metal is achieved,neutrons start a chain reaction that splits the atoms in the metalreleasing large amounts of energy and several additional neutronsthat will in turn split more atoms, and so on, with more and moreenergy being released until the bomb finally blows itself apart. The other main type of nuclear weapon is the fusion bomb. Commonlycalled the H-bomb, the hydrogen bomb, or the thermonuclear bomb,the fusion bomb relies on the fusion of light isotopes (thehydrogen isotopes deuterium and tritium) to create a large amountof its energy. This is different from fission bombs, that releaseenergy but inducing a neutron chain reaction to split large atomsin metals like Uranium 235 and Plutonium 329. The fusion bomb wasinvented in the decade after the first nuclear weapons weredesigned in the early 1940's. The fusion bombs in use today all rely on a fission bomb firststage (called a "primary") to compress and heat a second fusionstage (called a "secondary"). The second stage has a thick shell ofdense metal (which can be a fissionable metal, but need not be) onthe outside and is filled with fusion fuel (hydrogen isotopes, ormore usually a lithium-hydrogen compound [LiD]). It is usuallyround. In the center of the fusion fuel is another piece of fissilemetal (usually Plutonium 239) called a "spark plug." These twostages are placed inside a case of dense metal, usually shaped likea peanut, with one stage at each end. When the fission primary goes off, x-ray radiation floods downaround the fusion secondary instantly heating its metal shell andcausing it to implode inwards as it outer layers explode away. Thisis called "radiation implosion." As the shell of the secondaryimplodes, it compresses both the fusion fuel and the "spark plug."The "spark plug" quickly is crushed to such a density that it issupercritical and it fissions and explodes against the fusion fuelwhich is still being crushed inward by the radiation implosion. Theeffect is that the fission primary is pushing inward on thesecondary while the spark plug (basically another fission bomb)explodes outward--the fusion fuel is caught between. That fuel isheated and compressed (and any lithium transmuted to tritium) tosuch a degree that fusion can finally occur. The light isotopesfuse and some mass it converted in to huge amounts of energy. Alarge number of fast neutrons are also produced. If the casing ofthe bomb or the metal shell of the secondary are made of uranium ofa similar fissionable metal, these neutrons will fission the metalproducing even more energy. This important technique can yield upto 90% of the total yield in thermonuclear designs that use it,even though the weapon's size and weight remain unaffected. Theonly other effect is a disproportionate increase in fallout. As aresult, this has become the most common type of thermonuclearweapon design in use. It is possible to add additional fusion stages, (which has beendone in practice), and any number of additional ever-larger stagesis possible. Thus, theoretically, a fusion bomb of unlimited sizecan be build. While most nuclear weapons existing today are fusiondesigns, most of them are no larger than the largest fission bomb(500kt), since military needs actually favor smaller weapons overbig yields. All of the biggest nuclear bombs ever built have been fusion bombs.The largest bomb detonated was a fusion bomb that was equivalent to50 million tons of TNT. It used non-fissionable tampers andgenerated almost all (97%) of its yield from fusion. The largestfission bomb tested (Ivy King) was only one 100th as powerful,yielding 500 kilotons (half a million tons of TNT), which is stillmore than 20 times more powerful than the weapon dropped onNagasaki. Edward Teller once proposed building multistage hydrogen bombs withgigaton range yields, but calculations showed that most of theblast would simply be directed upward blowing the top of theatmosphere above the explosion off into space with only a fractionof the yield producing damage to the target below. The military hadno interest in that and rejected his proposal. [It should be noted that modern fission bombs, including theprimaries in thermonuclear weapons, incorporate a minorthermonuclear effect called "boosting." This involves placing asmall amount of fusionable material (usually deuterium and tritiumgases) into the core of the bomb. During the initial detonation ofthe bomb, these elements fuse under heat and pressure releasing aburst of neutrons. This functions like a second, more powerful,neutron initiator, contributing many neutrons to start multiplechain reactions at once and promoting very swift, efficient, andcomplete fission of the fissile material. The fission yield isgreatly increased as a result. The contribution of fusion itself tothe yield is negligible, however, and these weapons are not"thermonuclear," "hydrogen" or "fusion" bombs in the usual sense.] (MORE)
"Atomic bomb" (or "Atom bomb" or "A-bomb") is an ambiguous term and could mean either a fission bomb specifically or any nuclear bomb, including a fusion (Hydrogen) bomb. However, the term "Atom bomb" was popularized before the invention of the second major class of nuclear weapons, the fusion bomb …or "hydrogen bomb" (a.k.a., the "H-bomb" or "thermonuclear bomb"), and so it is often taken to mean a "fission" (non-hydrogen) bomb. (The term nuclear bomb is the most neutral, embracing both classes ob weapons.). The first major type of nuclear weapon is the fission bomb . A fission bomb uses a conventional chemical explosive (like TNT) to create a supercritical mass of certain metals that have unstable nuclei (like Uranium 235 or Plutonium 239). It usually does this by "imploding" a sub-critical mass of the metal and crushing it to such a density that it becomes super-critical (because the critical mass is smaller when density is higher). When a supercritical mass of the metal is achieved, neutrons start a chain reaction that splits the atoms in the metal releasing both large amounts of energy and several additional neutrons that will, in turn, split more atoms, and so on, with more and more energy being released until the bomb finally blows itself apart.. The other main type of nuclear weapon is the fusion bomb . Commonly called the "H-bomb," the "hydrogen bomb," or the "thermonuclear bomb," the fusion bomb relies on the fusion of light isotopes (usually of hydrogen and sometimes helium) to create a large amount of its energy. This is different from fission bombs, which release energy by inducing a neutron chain reaction that splits large atoms in metals like Uranium 235 and Plutonium 329. The fusion bomb was invented in the decade after the first nuclear weapons were designed in the early 1940's. . However, in practice, most modern nuclear weapons make use both fission and fusion in varying degrees. Indeed, all "hydrogen" bombs (fusion bombs, thermonuclear bombs) in use today rely on a fission bomb first stage (called a "primary") in order to compress and heat a second fusion stage (called a "secondary"). The second stage has a thick shell of dense metal (which can be a fissionable metal, but need not be) on the outside and is filled with fusion fuel (hydrogen isotopes, or more usually a solid lithium-hydrogen compound [LiD]). It is usually round. In the center of the fusion fuel is another piece of fissile metal (usually Plutonium 239) called a " spark plug ." The primary and secondary stages are themselves placed inside a case of dense metal, usually shaped like a peanut, with one stage at each end.. When the fission primary goes off, x-ray radiation floods down around the fusion secondary instantly heating its metal shell and causing it to implode inwards as it outer layers explode away. This is called " radiation implosion ." As the shell of the secondary implodes, it compresses both the fusion fuel and the "spark plug." The "spark plug" quickly is crushed to such a density that it is supercritical and it fissions and explodes against the fusion fuel which is still being crushed inward by the radiation implosion. The effect is that the fission primary is pushing inward on the secondary while the spark plug (basically another fission bomb) explodes outward--the fusion fuel is caught between. That fuel is heated and compressed (and any lithium transmuted by neutrons into more hydrogen fuel) to such a degree that fusion can finally occur. The light isotopes fuse and some mass is converted in to huge amounts of energy. A large number of fast neutrons are also produced. If the casing of the bomb or the metal shell of the secondary are made of uranium or thorium or a similar fissionable metal, these neutrons will fission the metal producing even more energy (this can almost double the yield in such designs as well as increasing fallout dramatically.) Because of these fission components in the their design, up to a half or more of the explosive yield from many so-called "fusion" or "hydrogen" bombs actually comes from the fission of heavy atoms and not from the fusion of lighter atoms. This shows the imperfectness of the terms "fusion bomb" or "hydrogen bomb" to describe modern thermonuclear weapons. It is possible to add additional fusion stages after the second stage. This has been done in practice, producing three stage bombs, and any number of additional, ever-larger stages is hypothetically possible. Thus, theoretically, a thermonuclear ("hydrogen") bomb of unlimited yield can be build by adding a third, forth, and fifth, etc., fusion stages of increasing size, each imploding the next, larger stage. While most nuclear weapons existing today are thermonuclear ("hydrogen") designs, most of them are intentionally made no more powerful than the largest pure fission bomb (500kt), since military needs actually favor multiple smaller yield weapons over fewer larger ones.. All of the most powerful nuclear bombs ever built have been thermonuclear ("hydrogen") bombs. The most powerful bomb ever detonated was a thermonuclear bomb that was equivalent to 50 million tons of TNT. The largest fission bomb tested was only one 100th as powerful, yielding 500 kilotons (half a million tons of TNT), which is still more than 20 times more powerful than the fission weapon dropped on Nagasaki, Japan in 1945.. (MORE)
Each C 40 H 80 NO 8 P molecule contains 40 carbons (C), 80 hydrogens (H), 1 nitrogen (N), 8 oxygens (O), and 1 phosphorus (P).
A hydrogen bomb works by fusing hydrogen isotopes, the product weighing less than the initial hydrogen isotopes. The difference in weight is released in energy. Its the same way the sun works.. An atom bomb works by splitting a fuel apart on the atomic level, like plutonium or enriched uranium.. A…n H-bomb is a lot more powerful, in the mega ton range. (MORE)
The 'standard' hydrogen atom has atomic number 1, atomic mass 1, no neutrons. Although there are 2 other isotopes of hydrogen: - (cant confirm name) which has atomic mass 2 and 1 neutron. - (cant confirm name) has atomic mass of 3 and 1 neutron. All isotopes have atomic number 1.
Hydrogen bomb = fusion. Atomic bomb = fission. Fusion bombs have a much bigger effect. Atomic bombs are actually at the center of fusion bombs---they are what fires them off.
One takes large atoms and breaks them into smaller atoms--calledfission (a-bomb). The other takes really small atoms and fuses them together to makelarger atoms--called fusion (h-bomb).
The atomic and mass numbers are usually found in small print above or below the element symbol with the atomic number usually being the number that increases by 1 across the table.
The main one is helium from the process of fusion of hydrogen. Butothers are formed too, mostly from absorbing neutrons generated bythe fusion process.
Yes, there is ordinary hydrogen in many places in an atomicfission bomb but it does not participate in the nuclearreactions that cause the explosion. Some of the parts of an atomic fission bomb that contain hydrogen in their compoundsare: . chemical explosives used to rapidly assemble the criti…calmass . plastics . some electronic components . etc. In addition to this atomic boosted fission bombs alsocontain bottles of compressed gaseous hydrogen isotopes (i.e. deuterium and/or tritium ) that are injected into thebomb core just before firing to produce a small fusion reactionthat boosts the fission yield. Also atomic hydrogen fusion bombs (commonly just called hydrogen bombs ) use lithium deuteride as fusion fuel.When the bomb is detonated fission neutrons split the lithium atomsproducing tritium . These two hydrogen isotopes( deuterium that was chemically bound to the lithium and tritium produced by splitting the lithium) then produce alarge fusion reaction. Note: the term atomic bomb properly refers to any bomb thatobtains its energy from the atomic nucleus, whether that is by theprocess of fission of large nuclei or the process of fusion ofsmall nuclei, although in common usage it typically just refers topure atomic fission bombs . (MORE)
The atomic number of an element is found by counting the number of protons or electrons present in its outermost orbit or shell.
both r useless Sometimes "atom" bomb is also used to describe a hydrogen bomb. Strictly, historically speaking, the atom bomb works via the energy released when a heavy atom nucleus such as uranium is split (called nuclear fission). This is also the energy source for nuclear power stations. A hydro…gen bomb works via the energy released on fusing (called nuclear fusion) two light atoms (such as hydrogen) together - the huge pressure needed is derived from an atom bomb. This situation arises because the atoms towards in the middle of the periodic table are more stable, than those nearer the ends. A lot of electricity is derived nowadays from nuclear fission (nuclear power stations) but no significant power has yet been derived from nuclear fusion, though a lot of work is being done on it. (MORE)
Its probably best if you read Richard Rhodes books: The Making of the Atomic Bomb and Dark Sun .
hydrogen is a element but atoms are the building blocks of elements so some people would say it is both.
\nIt has to be a fissile material.\n. \nUranium 233, 235.\nPlutonium, 239, 241.\nAmericium, 241.\n. \nOthers exist.
Hydrogen chloride is not an element; it is a compound and has no atomic number!
The 1st atomic bomb codenamed the "Gadget" was exploded on July 16, 1945 SW of Socorro, New Mexico. It was an implosion type bomb using Plutonium 239 . It was a test of nuclear bombs codenamed the "Trinity" test. The 2nd atomic bomb codenamed "Little Boy" was exploded on August 6th, 1945 over th…e city of Hiroshima in Japan. It was a gun type bomb using Uranium 235 . It was the 1st bomb dropped in anger. The 3rd atomic bomb codenamed "Fat Man" was exploded on August 9th, 1945 over the city of Nagasaki. Like the Gadget it was an implosion type bomb using Plutonium core . (MORE)
An H-Bomb is 1000 times stronger than an atomic bomb. Atomic explosions are based on splitting atoms and is a fission explosion or fission bomb. The Hydrogen bomb (also called H-Bomb) is a Fusion reaction where atoms are forced together. Atomic bombs were used in World War II, Hydrogen bombs have …been tested, but not used in war. (MORE)
a hydrogen (fusion bomb) is much more powerful, up to 10 times, than a atom bomb (fission bomb).
Aspartame is an artificial sweetener its formula is C13H16N2O5 which element in the formula has the largest number of atoms?
H 16 would have the largest amount of atoms, so the answer would be: hydrogen
A hydrogen or fusion bomb will be ten times more powerful than the original fission atomic bomb.
Actually the name atomic bomb includes the hydrogen bomb, all involve release of energy from atomic nuclei. The actual difference is the nuclear reaction used to obtain the energy: nuclear fission and/or nuclear fusion. There are actually many different ways these reactions can be used to pro…duce practical atomic/nuclear bombs: . pure fission devices - these were the original atomic bombs designed in ww2 and many designed since. they derive their energy entirely from fission. . teller-ulam staged fusion devices - these are commonly called hydrogen bombs. they derive some of their energy from fission and some of their energy from fusion. However depending on certain details of their design they can derive anywhere from ~2% to over 90% of their energy from fission. they are built using a fission primary device to start the reaction and one or more fusion stages, ignited in succession by the stage immediately preceding them. . boosted fission devices - these devices are high efficiency fission devices using a small amount of fusion fuel to generate extra neutrons, which "boost" the fission rate allowing either higher yield with the same amount of fissile material or a reduction in the amount of fissile material used with no loss of yield. . dial-a-yield devices - these devices are variants of boosted fission devices using gaseous fusion fuel and a system permitting the soldier in the field to set just before use how much to add so that the yield can be varied to fit the current combat needs. . neutron bombs - these devices are variants of the teller-ulam staged fusion devices that derive very little of their energy from fission (about 2% to 5%) and emit a high neutron flux. These have also been sometimes referred to as "clean bombs", particularly in the late 1950s although this term has gone out of fashion and is rarely used today. . salted bombs - these devices are variants of the teller-ulam staged fusion devices that have certain elements added that when irradiated by the fusion neutrons produce highly radioactive isotopes, causing more deadly fallout. These have also been sometimes referred to as "dirty bombs", particularly in the late 1950s although this term has gone out of fashion and is rarely used today (they should not be confused with the modern usage of "dirty bomb", which is simply a conventional bomb wrapped in radioactive waste.). one such salted bomb commonly mentioned in fiction novels was the "cobalt bomb" as its salting element was cobalt, but it was never seriously considered as a weapon due to low efficiency of its production of radioactive cobalt-60. a "gold bomb" would actually work much better but be quite expensive. . etc. (MORE)
There are many differences, one is that it is impossible to build apure fission atomic bomb with a yield above 1 megaton (the largesttested was 500 kilotons, half the limit) while there is no limit onthe yield that a hydrogen bomb can produce. The difference inmechanism is that an atomic bomb gets a…ll of its yield from fissionof heavy isotopes (e.g. plutonium-239, uranium-235, uranium-233)while a hydrogen bomb gets a significant amount of its yield fromfusion of isotopes of the light element hydrogen (deuterium andtritium). (MORE)
The fallout of Ivy Mike contained two new elements whichwere then named einsteinium and fermium .
An atomic bomb is a fission bomb, which uses a type of heavy radioactive metal (usually uranium 235 or plutonium 239). Neutrons split this metal up, resulting in a release of a lot of energy (this is what happens in nuclear power stations). A hydrogen bomb is a fusion bomb, which comes in two parts…: a fission device (A-bomb) and a fuel cell composed of hydrogen. The fission device is detonated and the radiation fuses the hydrogen together to form helium, thus also releasing a lot of energy (this is what happens in stars). (MORE)
The fusion bomb is triggered by the fission bomb which is triggered by chemical explosives. It is a two or more stage device: . Detonators on the chemical explosive lenses of the fission bomb are fired. . The chemical explosive lenses reshape the explosion to an implosion. . The implosion shock… wave compresses the subcritical pit of the fission bomb to supercritical. . A neutron source is fired through the supercritical pit causing uncontrolled fission. . X-rays from the fission bomb travel through a radiation channel the length of the fusion bomb, causing a radiation implosion of the fusion bomb. . The implosion of the fusion bomb compresses and heats its Lithium Deuteride fuel and Plutonium "sparkplug" rod running the length of the fusion bomb. . When the "sparkplug" becomes supercritical, neutrons from the fission bomb arrive causing uncontrolled fission. . Neutrons from the fissioning "sparkplug" cause the Lithium in the fusion fuel to produce Tritium. . The mixture of Deuterium and Tritium, caught between the radiation implosion and "sparkplug" fission explosion is compressed and heated until it undergoes fusion. . High energy (15 MeV) neutrons from fusion cause fission of Uranium-238 in the tamper, which provides about 90% of the yield of the bomb. (MORE)
because it is small is fusable and fissable. Further answer It's not used for all atom bombs. In fact the first ones weren't. Uranium and plutonium were the elements used. They were fissile, i.e. capable of sustaining a chain reaction when they split into other elements. More recently hydrogen… was used but this time is fuses to form another element (helium) with a very large release of energy. (MORE)
according to my calculation the bomb has more gas or more chemicals than atomic bomb
The little boy atomic bomb used on Hiroshima contained Uranium-235.The Fat Man atomic bomb used on Nagasaki contained Plutonium.
There are many different elements involved in the construction of an atomic bomb, but the elements that actually cause an atomic explosion are either uranium (specifically the U 235 isotope) or plutonium.
There were 2 teams that did the bulk of the development work, one at The Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton and the other at Los Alamos, NM. Thousands of scientists worked on these projects. Two names that pop forth as 'leaders' are Robert Oppenheimer and Edward Teller. PLZ remember that just …about every major university and many companies contributed. A recently published book, Dyson's "Turning's Cathedral" gives a good firsthand account of life within the Inst of Adv Study team during WWII. Both the author's parents were deeply involved in the project and, he knew most of the players, big and small, first hand. The book itself is aimed at describing the development of computers, but computer development and the nuclear projects were so intertwined, you get a great picture of both. BTW: this NOT a 'quick read!' (MORE)
Uranium, atomic number 92, is the element with the highest atomic number that is found in nature.
When the atomic masses of different element are expressed in atomic mass unit they are found to be almost integer multiples of that of hydrogen atom why?
all nuclei are made of protons & neutrons . protons & neutrons have almost the same mass . hydrogen's nucleus is one proton
When the atomic masses of different element are expressed in atomic mass unit they are mostly found to be almost integer multiples of hydrogen atom?
The atomic mass unit is 1/12 from the atomic mass of the isotope 12 C.
The difference between an A-Bomb and H-Bomb is the energy reactioninside them, one of them is nuclear fusion and the other one isnuclear fission. A-Bombs contain a unstable nuclei such as Uranium 235, whilesH-Bombs contain light stable isotopes of hydrogen and sometimeshelium. Nuclear fusion is the… merging of atoms/particles, whilstnuclear fission is the splitting and break down of a big unstablenuclei. (MORE)
In general, a fusion bomb (hydrogen bomb) is more powerful than afission (atomic) bomb. Fusion bombs use an atomic bomb to begin thefusion reaction.
Hydrogen has the lowest atomic number, and is not found in nature as individual atoms, but is found in nature as the diatomic molecule, H 2 .
if the bomb is a fission bomb it will use uranium 235 for fuel. if the bomb is a thermonuclear bomb (fusion) it will use the element hydrogen and an isotope of hydrogen for fuel.
The original attomic bombs were fission weapons- heavy elements such as uranium and plutonium were fissioned (broken apart) into lighter elements, releasing energy. So called hydrogen bombs use fusion as part of their process. Very light elements, such as hydrogen, are fused (mashed together) and be…come heavier elements, releasing energy. You should note that fusion bombs usually use a fission weapon to start the nuclear reaction. (MORE)
The atomic number is written inside the boxes in the periodic table. In addition to the atomic number, symbol of the element is also present.
Yes, however on one level they are the same thing as both obtaintheir energy from the release of excess nuclear bindingenergy . However as the terms have traditionally been used thedifferences are as follows: . atomic bomb, a rather simple bomb operating with nuclearfission of heavy element(s) …within a "prompt supercriticalmass" of a fissile isotope initiated by a pulse of neutrons. Themost commonly used fissile isotopes are plutonium-239, uranium-235(uranium-233 could also be used but has properties similar toplutonium-239). The yield of such a bomb is limited to less thanone megaton (with the highest yield such bomb ever tested only halfthat). . hydrogen bomb, a rather complicated bomb operating with nuclear fusion of light element(s) compressed and heatedusing x-rays generated by either an atomic bomb or another hydrogenbomb in a previous "stage" of the bomb. This "staging" principalpermits the yield of a hydrogen bomb to be as large as desired,also the yield can be increased (as well as the fallout) byenclosing the bomb in uranium (even the nonfissionable isotopeuranium--238 usually considered "waste" after enriching uranium-235for atomic bombs can be used) which will be fissioned by the highenergy fusion neutrons. This can multiply the yield of the bomb bya factor between 2 to 10 times! However almost all modern nuclear weapons use both fission andfusion to optimize the bomb's size, weight, yield, etc. for thespecific military purpose it is intended to be used for. So thelines are quite blurred. (MORE)