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US Supreme Court

Parent Category: Law & Legal Issues
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court in the land. Questions about the US Supreme Court and the highest US State courts of appeal, as well as questions of relevant case law, Court opinions, and historical issues related to this venue are among the questions asked in our US Supreme Court category.
When you boil a certiorari down, it comes down to a writ. Or a  degree of law in common terms. I have dusted off my lexicon as well  as used search engines to scour for not only the meaning of your  words but for the US Supreme Court Rules of Procedure. You might  have your legal terms mixed up...
This is a great thing to get and to hold onto! It just means that  someone messed up to the point where they could be prosecuted by  the law and taken to court for breaking said laws. If someone gets  a Letter of intent not to press charges then the party who broke  the law is off the hook. I am...
Culture wars concerns conflicts between traditional and conservative values and progressive and liberal values. Some of the issues presented where the following: abortion, privacy, censorship, separations of the state and church, gun laws, immigration, drugs on many fronts, gay right and marriage to...
The Arkansas Supreme Court is composed of 7 justices.
Rural Electrification Act of 1936? Are you asking about New Deal legislation? Please clarify.
The case was based on a corrupt land sale. John Peck bought the land originally and later sold some to Robert Fletcher with Peck having full knowledge that the sale of the land would be void under the current (1795) Georgia Law. This law was void and illegal based on the Contract Clause in the...
The Warren Court, arguably the most liberal court in U.S. history,  was mainly known for its decisions regarding equality and civil  rights. You could say one of their key goals was the elimination of  discrimination in the areas of employment and education.
In February 1791, the Court moved to Philadelphia with Congress and the rest of the United States government. They met in February at Independence Hall, then moved to a more permanent location in Philadelphia's Old City Hall until construction was completed in Washington, D.C. in 1800. For more...
It means that as time goes on, American society will change. Our  morals, values and ethical standards will change. Specifically, the  Warren Court was known for handling issues about equal opportunity,  civil rights and discrimination laws.   The "evolving standards of decency" likely...
No, since the Philippines are not apart of the U.S.. Not as a state  nor territory a Filipino can't file a case in a U.S. court unless  the case is against the U.S., a U.S. state, or a citizen of the  U.S..
I would bring the case to state court, because if you bring the  case to federal court it can't be heard again, but if you bring the  case to state court then, if you lose, the case be appealed and  heard again, if they chose to hear it, in supreme court then it  can't be heard again if you lose...
Ruth Bader Ginsberg, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.
  The Supreme Court of Georgia seats a total of seven justices - one Chief and six Associates - who are selected by voters in non-partisan elections. The term of office is six years. The current Chief Justice is Carol W. Hunstein, who was chosen by her peers on the panel.
Yes. Miranda v. Arizona, (1966) was primarily a Fifth Amendment case requiring police to inform anyone in their custody of their Fifth Amendment right to remain silent (under the self-incrimination clause), but also invoked the Sixth Amendment right to an attorney before being interrogated and...
Yes Sandra day Oconnor has done plenty of volunteer work. Her  current work at icivics is where she teaches people about the  judicial system.  
There have been dozens of cases that specifically affected women's  rights, from gender discrimination to reproductive rights to  suffrage cases back in the 1870's..
It's hard to say but if you had to write an answer on your  homework, I would put Conservative. 5 out of the 9 are  Conservative. It's about even. Look up any law websites for the  Supreme Court Justices. But ill be nice and give you them plus the  president who appointed them.   Ronald...
Dickey was a college senior who was in charge of the college's news paper, The Tropolotan. A politician made a controversial comment. Dickey wrote an editorial about his statement. The Dean and another school official, however, did not approve of the editorial, thinking it challenged the integrity...
Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist lead the Court from 1986 until his death in 2005.
Virginia NAACP Defense  Spottswood W. Robinson III was the leader of Virginia's NAACP defense in the Virginia case, Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County, which was one of five cases consolidated as Brown v. Board of Education, (1954).  A companion case, Bolling v. Sharpe, 347 U.S....
The US Supreme Court was established with the passage of the Judiciary Act of 1789, on September 24, 1789. President Washington nominated the first six justices to the new Court the same day; they were confirmed by a voice vote in the Senate on September 30, 1789. The Court convened for the first...
As of October 2010, there are six male justices and three females. Current Justices Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. Associate Justice Antonin Scalia Associate Justice Anthony M. Kennedy Associate Justice Clarence Thomas Associate Justice Stephen G. Breyer Associate Justice Samuel Anthony...
District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 US ___ (2008) There is no distinction, because the US Supreme Court decided in favor of Heller and struck down the District of Columbia gun control law as unconstitutional under the Second Amendment. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
Only four justices were present when the US Supreme Court officially convened its first Term on February 2, 1790.1Chief Justice John JayJustice William CushingJustice John BlairJustice James Wilson Robert Harrison, one of President Washington's original nominees, declined his appointment on January...
  Former Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor briefly dated late Chief Justice William Rehnquist when they attended Stanford Law School together in the early 1950s. Rehnquist graduated valedictorian; O'Connor finished third in the class.
Marshall believed the Judicial Branch should be co-equal to the other branches of government, and should be the final authority on constitutional interpretation. He knew Congress couldn't be counted on to evaluate the constitutionality of their own laws because of the built-in conflict-of-interest,...
In 1972, the United States Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal of Baker v. Nelson. In this case, Mr. Baker had challenged the clerk of the Hennepin County Minnesota district court (Mr. Nelson) for denying his request to marry another man.
No, the Supreme Court has no part of the law making process. If someone challenges the validity of a law, it may end up in the Supreme Court.
It was created in 1845 when Florida was admitted to the Union.
Not while he (or she) is in office, but after his term of office expires, yes. Only one former US President has gone on to serve on the Supreme Court: William Howard Taft was Chief Justice from 1921-1930. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
the answer is still unknown and guess what even i need help with this so instead of asking this question on the web, why dont you go and look up the information you need. and dont say that you could find it you need to be really precise in what you are exactly looking for.
Justice Sonia Sotomayor, who joined the Court in August 2009
The first US President who didn't nominate a US Supreme Court justice was William Henry Harrison, who only lived one month beyond his inauguration (March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841).
Chief Justice William Howard Taft (U.S. President 1909-1913) convinced Congress to allocate funds for the U.S. Supreme Court's permanent home in 1929. Construction began in 1932 and concluded in 1935, in the Court's 146th year of existence.    Architect Cass Gilbert, a friend of Taft's, was...
No, he didn't. United States v. Nixon, (1974) was argued on July 8, 1974, and decided sixteen days later, on July 24, 1974. Nixon resigned to avoid impeachment on August 9, 1974, several weeks after the Supreme Court issued its decision. Impeachment is carried out by the House of Representatives,...
Regan appointe the first female into the court-- O'Connor
US Supreme Court cases are argued in open court in the courtroom of the Supreme Court Building in Washington, DC. The Court hears most cases under its appellate jurisdiction, so there is no trial.
Fourth Chief Justice John Marshall declared Section 13 (not the entire Act) of the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional in the opinion of the US Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison, 5 US 137 (1803). For more information, see Related Questions, below.
No, the responsibilities are what they have to do on behalf of their country. The duties are what concerns their job. Thin line i know, but very important.
Jackson didn't really make that statement, but wrote something similar in a letter to a friend. He meant Chief Justice Marshall's opinion didn't matter because the Supreme Court has no authority to enforce its decisions, and Jackson had no intention of intervening. More Information According to...
Brown v. Board of Education, (1954), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court that declared state laws that established racially segregated schools, denying African-American children equal educational opportunities, unconstitutional. While the decision initially dealt with...
Wesberry v. Sanders, 376 US 1 (1964)Wesberry v. Sanders, 376 US 1 (1964) required that Districts of the US House of Representatives be composed of approximately equal populations in order to ensure fair representation of US citizens.
The US Supreme Court releases opinions on Tuesday and Wednesday mornings, and on the third Monday of each sitting. The public is usually alerted a few days prior to an opinion being released, but the specific case name and docket number are kept secret until the formal announcement. This practice...
Brown v. Board of Education, (1954) didn't directly challenge the same law Plessy v. Ferguson, (1896) addressed (the Louisiana Separate Car Act of 1890, or Act 111), but the "separate but equal" precedent established as a result of the Supreme Court's decision upholding that law. Brown directly...
No. Plessy v. Ferguson, (1896) sanctioned racial segregation by declaring "separate but equal" facilities constitutional. Miranda v. Arizona, (1965) requires police to notify suspects of their rights.
The Chief Justice presides over the US Supreme Court. At present, the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court is John G. Roberts, Jr.
Mapp v. Ohio applied the "exclusionary rule" prohibiting evidence gathered in violation of the Fourth Amendment's protection against warrantless searches from being used as evidence in a state court prosecution. This standard was already in effect for the Federal government as a result of the...
Marbury v. Madison was the first case. Justice Marshall stated in his opinion that the Court had the power to review actions taken by the Executive and Legislative branches. The power is derived from the Constitution but Justice Marshall asserted that power starting in this case.
The of the judges appointed were Federalists. In the nineteen days  between passage of this Act and the conclusion of his  administration, President Adams quickly filled as many of the newly  created circuit judgeships as possible.
Article II of the Constitution addresses the authority of the President and the Executive branch of government. One power assigned the President is the ability to nominate US Supreme Court justices and Article III federal judges, with the "advice and consent" of the Senate. For more information,...
No. Once a statute is declared unconstitutional, it becomes unenforceable. Congress can rewrite the law to comply with constitutional mandates on the basis of the Supreme Court's decision, however, which they often do. So a person may be prosecuted under new or revised legislation that is...
The majority of the US population is for the choice.
No, there are nine justices on the US Supreme Court, per the Judiciary Act of 1869. President Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote draft legislation in 1937 that would have expanded the size of the Court by one new justices for each sitting justice over the age of 70.5, up to a maximum of six new justices ...
No. Mapp v. Ohio was about the constitutionality of using evidence obtained from illegal or unreasonable search and seizure to prosecute a defendant in court. The Supreme Court held evidence obtained from a suspect illegally could not be used at trial without violating the Fourth Amendment...
Both. Both State and US Supreme Courts use judicial review to evaluate the constitutionality of laws. Some state constitutions explicitly grant this power to their highest court. State supreme courts may evaluate conflicts in light of either/both the federal constitution or their state constitution....
Jaywalking tickets are routinely handed out in San Diego and theycan cost anywhere from $100 to $150 dollars. It is always better tofind a crosswalk to use when walking through the city.
No. Article III, Section 1, says they shall "receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office": The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time...
The United States Supreme Court has a Chief Justice and eight  Associate Justices. Currently, the Chief Justice is John Roberts,  and the Associate Justices are Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy,  Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, Samuel Alito,  Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan...
Justice Hugo Black wrote extensively about the relationship between the church and state in the majority opinion of Engel v. Vitale. He supported his reasoning with historical examples of the problems inherent in intermingling government and religion. Black's opinion may be read in its entirety via...
Chief Justice Earl Warren Associate Justices Hugo Black William O. Douglas Tom C. Clark John Marshall Harlan II William J. Brennan, Jr. Potter Stewart Byron White Arthur Goldberg
Hustler Magazine, Inc. v. Falwell, 485 US 46 (1988) The lower courts incorrectly allowed a civil jury to award Jerry Falwell a total of $200,000 in compensatory and punitive damages for intentional infliction of emotional distress, under the "actual malice" standard established in New York Times v....
Regardless of the US Supreme Court's decision, there is no guarantee any type of opinion will be written. Per curiam (unsigned) decisions -- which are reasonably common -- seldom include full written opinions. About 20% of the US Supreme Court's decisions lack any written opinion; many simply affirm...
Yes. Sandra Day O'Connor lives in Phoenix, Arizona.
Yes, the US Supreme Court has used selective incorporation to apply the Bill of Rights to the states via the Fourteenth Amendment Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses, as such application became relevant. The First, Second, Fourth and Sixth Amendments are fully incorporated; the Fifth is mostly...
Chief Justice Morrison Waite wrote the unanimous opinion of the Court for Reynolds v. US, (1878). Justice Stephen J. Field wrote a concurring opinion. Case Citation:Reynolds v. United States, 98 US 145 (1878) For more information, see Related Questions, below.
Samuel Chase was a lawyer in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He was also a US Supreme Court justice who served from 1796 until his death in 1811. Although Chase was a signatory to the Declaration of Independence, he is best remembered as the only US Supreme Court justice to be impeached....
-Clarence Thomas -Samuel Alito -Ruth Bader
Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor, who formally joined the US Supreme Court on August 8, 2009, is the first Latina, or Hispanic woman, on the Court.
You can check the grantee index at the land records office to see if any deeds have been recorded in your name.
Sandra Day O'Connor (1981 - 2006)...........retired January 31, 2006 David H. Souter (1990 - 2009)...................retired June 29, 2009 John Paul Stevens (1975 - 2010)................retirement planned: approximately June 30, 2010
Yes. Former US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, born in 1930, is the oldest of three children. The younger two, Ann and (Hollis) Alan Day, are about eight years younger than she. As of 2008, Ann Day worked for a county government in Arizona.
Both Gitlow v. New York, (1925) and Near v. Minnesota, (1931) accomplished this goal. Gitlow v. New York, 268 US 652 (1925) held that the Fourteenth Amendment required the States to adhere to the First Amendment. Near v. Minnesota, 283 US 697 (1931) held that the Minnesota "gag law" violated freedom...
No. According to Article II of the Constitution, the power of veto is granted exclusively to the President of the United States. The US Supreme Court plays no role in creating or passing legislation.
Tinker v. Des Moines was a First Amendment case challenging the school district's right to make policies restricting students' and teachers' expression of free speech in school. The Court held the Fourteenth Amendment made the First Amendment applicable to the states, and determined students had a...
Nixon nominated six Supreme Court justices, but only four were approved by the Senate. Harry Blackmun was the third person Nixon nominated to fill the vacancy created when Abe Fortas resigned. Successful AppointmentsChief Justice Warren BurgerJustice Harry A. BlackmunJustice Lewis F. Powell, Jr...
Chief Justice Warren Burger Associate Justices William J. Brennan, Jr. Potter Stewart Byron White Thurgood Marshall Harry Blackmun Lewis F. Powell, Jr. William H. Rehnquist (became Chief Justice in 1986) John Paul Stevens (retired in 2010)
the branch that chooses a member of government is the Executive branch, which the resent president have used their appointment to add or select minorities and women to the Supreme Court.
The early US Supreme Court justices traveled on horseback and by stagecoach.
Marshall was the first African American justice and spent his life fighting for equality. As a young man he had experienced discrimination first hand. He was the lawyer for Brown v Topeka and argued that separate but equal was not equal at all. He was a great man and powerful ally for equality and...
Because the Supreme Court said that slavery was protected by the Constitution.So in theory, the new territories could not vote to become free-soil States.
The Senate (Legislative branch) votes to confirm or  reject the Presidents' (Executive branch) US Supreme Court  (Judicial branch) nominees. Approval requires a simple majority of  the Senators voting, unless a Senator attempts to block the vote by  filibuster, in which case cloture (stopping...