Unanswered | Answered

US Supreme Court

~11500 answered questions
Parent Category: Law & Legal Issues
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court in the land. Questions about the US Supreme Court and the highest US State courts of appeal, as well as questions of relevant case law, Court opinions, and historical issues related to this venue are among the questions asked in our US Supreme Court category.
The First Amendment states the following: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress…
Popularity: 182
Answer In the U.S. Supreme Court, the power of judicial review gives the court the ability to at least pronounce that a law passed by the legislature does not comply with the Constitution. First begun with Marbury v. Madison, (1803) the Supreme Court can invalidate a legislative action purely based …
Popularity: 57
Two Chief Justices served on the US Supreme Court during President Franklin Roosevelt's tenure in office. Charles Evans Hughes, who was nominated by Roosevelt's predecessor, Herbert Hoover, lead the Court from 1930 until his retirement in 1941. Although considered a conservative, Hughes looked favo…
Popularity: 87
McCulloch v. Maryland, (1819), was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision. In this case, the state of Maryland attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland. Though the law, by its languag…
Popularity: 346
Roger Brook Taney was the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1836 to 1864. He's remembered as the author of the majority opinion in Dred Scott vs. Sandford in 1857, sometimes known as the Dredd Scott Decision. Roger B Taney was a chief justice of the United States supreme court. …
Popularity: 37
The President of the United States (Executive branch) nominates US Supreme Court justices and other federal judges. The Senate must approve the nomination by a simple majority vote (51%) in order for the appointment to be made. If the Senate rejects the nomination, the President must choose someone…
Popularity: 531
William Marbury brought suit to secure his position as a Justice of the Peace in Washington D.C. The appointment was one of the last minute "Midnight Judges" assignments made in the waning hours of the Adams' administration pursuant to the Organic Act of 1801 (not to be confused with the Judiciary A…
Popularity: 43
The Judicial Branch* is one of three independent parts of the US Government, and consists of the constitutional courts of the federal court system (not the entire federal court system, as most people believe). The primary responsibility of the judicial branch is to interpret and apply the laws, and …
Popularity: 375
The President nominates new members to the Supreme Court, but the Senate must approve the nomination by a majority vote. This is part of the system of checks and balances that is supposed to prevent abuse of power. Explanation When there is a vacancy on the bench the President (Executive branch) nom…
Popularity: 219
John Jay is known as one of the founding fathers of the US. He lived December 12, 1745 through May 17, 1829 and was a politician, statesman, revolutionary, and diplomat. He was also the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court.
Popularity: 61
Typically the local circuit court handles most crimes in a jurisdiction. If the case deals with a federal offense then the federal court system will handle the case. Basic breakdown is as follows: Municipal court: typically traffic and ordinance offenses Circuit court: Misdemeanor and Felony crime…
Popularity: 27
The correct name is the Supreme Court of the United States, but most people refer to it as the US Supreme Court. Each state has its own Supreme Court, but the US Supreme Court is the end of the line.
Popularity: 77
The only one that I am aware of that was fairly recent was the rejection of the right of Washington D.C. residents to elect Senators and Representatives. The court upheld the 23rd Amendment which allows D.C. residents to only elect electorals for the electoral college (there's a tongue twister!). …
Popularity: 101
In 2010, the US Supreme Court received more than 8,000 petitions for a writ of certiorari, or requests for appeals of lower court decisions. Nine Justice cannot handle the volume of cases that reach their docket each year; instead, they choose 75-100 of the cases most important to constitutional or …
Popularity: 39
Dred Scott was a slave who belonged to a US Army surgeon, Dr. Emerson, and traveled with him to various military bases in the mid-19th-century. Some of the places they lived were "free" States and territories that outlawed slavery. After the doctor died, Scott tried to buy his and his family's fre…
Popularity: 41
The President of the United States nominates judges for the Supreme Court "by and with the advice and consent of the Senate" (Article 2 of the Constitution).
Popularity: 12
the supreme court is the final judge in all cases involving laws of Congress, and the highest law of all - the Constitution
Popularity: 0
The US Supreme Court is the highest court in the US. Each state has its own Supreme Court, but the US Supreme Court is the end of the line.
Popularity: 15
laws againsed sodomy as violations of substansive due process...what that means I have no clue lol
Popularity: 0
To interpret laws
Popularity: 0
Marbury v. Madison, (1803) illustrates how the power of the Supreme Court, or the Federal Courts, depends not only on its constitutional authority, but on how the Constitution is interpreted, how the judicial branch avoids a confrontation with the other branches of government, and how the members of…
Popularity: 129
John Marshall served as the 4th Chief Justice of the U.S. from 1801 to his death in 1835. Marshall also served as the Secretary of State under President John Adams. He was also a Federalist (Hamilton's Party) from Virginia. Marshall is credited with authoring many landmark Supreme Court decisions t…
Popularity: 11
James Wilson (also signed Declaration of Independence) John Rutledge Oliver Ellsworth attended the Constitutional Convention, but did not sign the final draft of the Constitution).
Popularity: 4
The head of the US Supreme Court is called the Chief Justice (of the United States). The current Chief Justice is John G. Roberts, Jr., who has presided over the Court since 2005. He was appointed by President George W. Bush.
Popularity: 3
To interpret the law.
Popularity: 2
asians
Popularity: 0
The president appoints the supreme court justices
Popularity: 0
Whether or not a case can be heard by the highest court in the land depends upon the merits of the case itself.The court has jurisdiction over lawsuits involving foreign diplomats, matters OS admirality, suits by the federal government against states and vice-versa, suits by a state against an non c…
Popularity: 21
The context of the Court is important: The whole bit was preceded by a legendary struggle between republican Jeffersonian democrats and the Hamilitonian Federalists. The Federalists were an elitist party (later the "Whigs" and finally the current "Republicans")... consider the following: The Federal…
Popularity: 12
Justice is the fairness of a situation and a fair treatment. Justice is also a store by Limented too. It's is for ages 7-13. Another view: 'Justice' (ideally) is the action, or course, that will restore equilibrium to a situation. It's often confused, or conflated, with punishment; but …
Popularity: 46
Homer Plessy was born March 17, 1863.
Popularity: 21
in the united states, the supreme court is the highest court in the land. in other countries, idk.
Popularity: 3
Any court can interpret the constitution, but the US Supreme Court is the final arbiter on constitutionality.
Popularity: 16
Marbury v. Madison produced the idea of judicial review, which means the courts can interpret how the laws are used in court
Popularity: 10
The Court decided that Marbury's request for a writ of mandamus was based on a law passed by Congress that the Court held to be unconstitutional. The Court decided unanimously (4-0) that the federal law contradicted the Constitution, and since the Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land, it must…
Popularity: 8
It's not wrong. Who says it's wrong. Global warming is largely caused by humans emitting massive amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere. The Supreme Court has not ruled that this is the case or not however. They did recently rule that the EPA does have the power to control carbon dioxide emissions as a …
Popularity: 33
This case marked the Supreme Court's ruling that not all free speech was guaranteed. Eugene Dennis was a Communist. He had claimed his speeches advocating the overthrow of the U.S. government were guaranteed by the 1st Amendment. The Supreme Court decided otherwise, stating that you have no protecti…
Popularity: 6
The US Supreme Court historically restricted women's rights by applying the so-called "reasonableness" standard, allowing federal, state and local governments to enact discriminatory laws that the Court deemed constitutional because they served a "legitimate" government interest. Historically, this…
Popularity: 27
The Surpreme Court declares laws unconstitutional to protect citizen's rights.
Popularity: 3
Role Chief Justice The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court has one vote, just like all the other Associate Justices. However, there are some administrative functions that the Chief Justice provides for the day to day activities of the highest court in the land. When the Justices meet to discus…
Popularity: 17
The court systems of the United States do not make laws, they interprete laws. To make a law retroactive (ex post facto) is specifically forbidden in the US Constitution.
Popularity: 13
The case of Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, (1831), involved a question of Supreme Court jurisdiction after the state of Georgia enacted a series of laws in 1828 that stripped Native Americans of their rights, in order to annex their land and force the Cherokee to leave the state. Fearing Georgia had t…
Popularity: 24
The Supreme Court does not issue laws. The purpose of the court is to interpret the laws, not create them. Making federal law is the responsibility of the Legislative branch, Congress, which comprises the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Supreme Court is the head of the Judicial branch; …
Popularity: 34
The United States Supreme Court is the highest part of the Judiciary of the United States Government
Popularity: 14
To put it simply, the African-Americans in Edwards v. South Carolina Supreme Court were set free under the First Amendment right of a peaceful demonstration and the freedom of speech and Louisiana had infringed their constitutional rights.
Popularity: 14
The justices of the US Supreme Court vote on each case that is brought before them. The decision of the court is whatever a majority of the justices agree on. Each justice has an equal say in the decision.
Popularity: 25
Jim Gunter, Robert L. Brown, Tom Glaze, Donald L. Corbin, Annabelle Clinton Imber, Paul E. Danielson Chief Justice: Jim Hannah
Popularity: 5
Decide cases
Popularity: 1
The primary role of the US Supreme Court is interpreting the Constitution. The Supreme Court of the United States has the ultimate responsibility for settling disputes and interpreting the meaning of laws. It also determines what national policy will be when it applies law to specific disputes. Th…
Popularity: 154
Answer The United States has one Supreme Court in the federal judicial system. There are Regional and District Federal Courts through which cases of a federal nature are appealed and heard. Each of the 50 states has a court, usually referred to as the (State) Supreme Court, that has the responsibili…
Popularity: 41
james is awesome
Popularity: 0
Supreme Court justices serve "during good behavior," which means "for life" or until they choose to resign or retire, as long as they don't commit an impeachable offense (bad behavior). The nine Supreme Court justices hold their offices "during good behavior" according to Article III, Section 1, of…
Popularity: 757
Federal Courts, as stated in Article III, Section 2 of the Constitution.
Popularity: 16
Supreme Court!
Popularity: 4
Yes It can be a V8-5.0L that Year..or V6 A 1986 Olds Cutlass supreme can be a V8. It has to motors that year. a v6-3.8L CARB or a v8-5.0L CARB. So yes it can be a V8 in that year. If you dont know just look on how many spark plugs there are, if you have 6 its a V6. if you have 8 you have a V8.. …
Popularity: 10
Associate Justice John Paul Stevens, a 1947 magna cum laude graduate of Northwestern University School of Law, was President Gerald Ford's sole nominee to the Supreme Court. He was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 98-0, and began serving on December 19, 1975, in the seat formerly held by Justice…
Popularity: 19
The New York Supreme Court (New York' trial court) Engel v. Vitale, 191 N.Y.S.2d 453 (Sup. Ct. 1959) upheld the state statute requiring recitation of the Reagent's prayer under the First Amendment Free Exercise Clause, but held that the school district had to create procedures to protect those who o…
Popularity: 46
Writ of Certiorari Yes. The members of the US Supreme Court review cases presented to them in a writ of certiorari. If they grant the writ, they will review the case. The look for cases that need to resolve discrepancies between various District Courts, or things that touch on the US Constit…
Popularity: 17
Things like the Dred Scott deceision fueled the fires between Abolitionist and slavers, the Fugitive Slave Act and the 1859 Compromise only made matters worse.
Popularity: 3
Tension rose between north and south because the south would lose some algriculture. Meaning the south would have to find people to replace slaves to pick their main source which was cotton.
Popularity: 13
According the the Constitution, the US Senate confirms Supreme Court justices. Article II Section 2. The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may requir…
Popularity: 17
The US Supreme court is the highest Federal court in the United States.
Popularity: 0
It constitutionaliszed the "Seprate, but Equal" doctrine.
Popularity: 19
The US Supreme Court issues fewer than one hundred full opinions per year, but the exact number varies. 2010 Term.............85 2009 Term.............92 2008 Term.............83 2007 Term.............70 (3 cases dismissed before arguments) 2006 Term.............75 2005 Term.............87 Th…
Popularity: 23
The Right to Privacy is exactly how it sounds. A person has the right to keep any or all parts of their private life from other people.
Popularity: 0
Florida argument came from an earlier case, Betty v Brady, which said that right to counsel provided by the fourteenth amendment does not compel states to provide counsel to any defendant. Also, Gideon did not commit a capital offense. (the 14th amendment transfers the laws in the Bill of Rights to…
Popularity: 14
It is like supreme court, senate,judge,etc
Popularity: 2
To interpret the law and the Constitution
Popularity: 8
A writ of certiorari (Latin: "to be informed") is an order from an appellate court to a lower court to send the records for a specified case under review. A writ of certiorari orders a lower court to deliver its records in a case so that the higher court may review it. When the US Supreme Court…
Popularity: 115
Homer Plessy was allegedly a shoemaker and Vice-President of Societe des Francs Amis (Society of French Friends), a social organization that paid medical and funeral expenses for dues-paying members. Later in life he became a collector for People's Life Insurance Company. Homer A. Plessy (March 17,…
Popularity: 36
President Richard Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974. He announced his decision in a televised address the night before.
Popularity: 19
Clarence Thomas serves as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, he succeeded Thurgood Marshall the first African-American to serve on the court to become the second to serve in that position. Please see related link below!
Popularity: 1
The term is mostly found in texts originated in India, where the Apex Court stands for the Indian Supreme Court. Most other countries use the term "Supreme Court," although there may be variations in some places. In the United States, the high court is called the Supreme Court of the United States, …
Popularity: 11
A jury of people who have no prior knowledge or preconceived notions about the guilt or innocence of a defendant. I am pretty sure this is right. Check on the internet more though, I found this on like the 5th website I found.
Popularity: 10
General Overview Article III, section 2, enumerates the specific types of cases over which the US Supreme Court has original jurisdiction (acts as a trial court), rather than appellate jurisdiction (reviews decisions in lower court cases). While Section 2 has been interpreted to limit the Court's …
Popularity: 22
In theory, any court can decide this, but only the decisions of the US Supreme Court are binding in regards to the US constitution (for State constitutions, the state's Supreme Court is generally the final arbiter... the US Supreme Court might rule that a particular provision in a state's constituti…
Popularity: 24
An important US Supreme Court case from the 1900's was Lonewolf versus Hitchcock in 1903. Another Supreme Court case was Lisenba versus People of the state of California in 1941. Boynton versus Virginia in 1960 was another Supreme Court case.
Popularity: 1
The justices are traditionally seated in order of seniority, with the Chief Justice occupying the first seat. The most junior justice (newest justice) sits farthest from the Chief Justice.
Popularity: 1
The Supreme Court of Canada is composed of nine Justices, a Chief Justice and eight Puisne Justices.
Popularity: 2
Answer Case files and briefs. Contrary to popular belief, the Supreme Court does not receive a Writ of Certiorari when it accepts a case; the court issues a Writ of Certiorari, which is an order to the lower courts to send case records to the US Supreme Court for review. Explanation A forma…
Popularity: 6
Custody decisions are never final because they must be governed by the best interests of the children and, as circumstances change, a judge may decide that a new custody order is needed. Changes in parents living circumstances, their health or mental health or new information about the children's ci…
Popularity: 10
The US Supreme Court exercises original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction. The Supreme Court is vested with the judicial power of the United States. Judicial power is in the form of original jurisdiction (trials) and appellate jurisdiction (appeals and reviews of trial decisions) The Supreme …
Popularity: 97
The US supreme court is the highest court of the federal judicial branch. It interprets federal laws and determines the constitutionality of state and federal laws.
Popularity: 0
The Supreme Court affirmed the conviction of a Japanese American citizen who violated an exclusion order that barred all persons of Japanese ancestry from designated military areas during World War Two.the government was allowed to draft japanese americans into the military.
Popularity: 21
the president
Popularity: 0
secretary of state
Popularity: 1
A very small percentage. Currently, the Supreme Court only exercises original jurisdiction over disputes between the States (typically involving water rights and conflicting property claims), because it has exclusive jurisdiction over these cases. On average, they consider one or two of these per ye…
Popularity: 6
Cases would be tied up in the appellate courts forever, and there would be few established precedents on which to base a decision. Chaos and gridlock.
Popularity: 5
The President nominates a candidate for the US Supreme Court; the Senate votes whether to confirm or reject the nomination. If the candidate is confirmed, he or she is appointed to the US Supreme Court. Process The preselected list of candidates is usually recommended by people in the President's po…
Popularity: 204
Wesberry v. Sanders, (1964) required that Districts of the US House of Representatives be composed of approximately equal populations in order to ensure fair representation of US citizens. Wesberry was one of a pair of cases decided in 1964 that addressed reapportionment. The "one man, one vote" ru…
Popularity: 25
They did not agree with eachother. Congress almost assinated John Adams.
Popularity: 3
There is no specific frequency pattern to indicate how often the US Supreme Court overturns legislation. Some Courts, such as the one seated during President Franklin Roosevelt's first two terms of office, overturned quite a bit of legislation; other Courts have been more restrained. According to t…
Popularity: 6
Justice John Marshall Harlan, the lone dissenting vote in the 7-1* Plessy v. Ferguson, (1896) verdict, wrote in his dissenting opinion: "The white race deems itself to be the dominant race in this country. And so it is in prestige, in achievements, in education, in wealth and in power. So, I doubt…
Popularity: 8
There have been dozens of cases that specifically affected women's rights, from gender discrimination to reproductive rights to suffrage cases back in the 1870's..
Popularity: 1
By the president
Popularity: 1
The first chief justice was John Jay.
Popularity: 0