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US Supreme Court

Parent Category: Law & Legal Issues
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court in the land. Questions about the US Supreme Court and the highest US State courts of appeal, as well as questions of relevant case law, Court opinions, and historical issues related to this venue are among the questions asked in our US Supreme Court category.
When you boil a certiorari down, it comes down to a writ. Or adegree of law in common terms. I have dusted off my lexicon as wellas used search engines to scour for not only the meaning of yourwords but for the US Supreme Court Rules of Procedure. You mighthave your legal terms mixed up a little bit...
This is a great thing to get and to hold onto! It just means thatsomeone messed up to the point where they could be prosecuted bythe law and taken to court for breaking said laws. If someone getsa Letter of intent not to press charges then the party who brokethe law is off the hook. I am no lawyer,...
When the US Supreme Court issues a writ of certiorari (an order to the lower court to send up records), it indicates they have agreed to review the case under their appellate jurisdiction.
Culture wars concerns conflicts between traditional and conservative values and progressive and liberal values. Some of the issues presented where the following: abortion, privacy, censorship, separations of the state and church, gun laws, immigration, drugs on many fronts, gay right and marriage to...
The Arkansas Supreme Court is composed of 7 justices.
Rural Electrification Act of 1936? Are you asking about New Deal legislation? Please clarify.
The case was based on a corrupt land sale. John Peck bought the land originally and later sold some to Robert Fletcher with Peck having full knowledge that the sale of the land would be void under the current (1795) Georgia Law. This law was void and illegal based on the Contract Clause in the...
Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 US 393 (1857) For more information, see Related Questions, below.
The Warren Court, arguably the most liberal court in U.S. history,was mainly known for its decisions regarding equality and civilrights. You could say one of their key goals was the elimination ofdiscrimination in the areas of employment and education.
In February 1791, the Court moved to Philadelphia with Congress and the rest of the United States government. They met in February at Independence Hall, then moved to a more permanent location in Philadelphia's Old City Hall until construction was completed in Washington, D.C. in 1800. For more...
Not all judges wear black robes. Judges technically do not have to wear robes at all. The robe and it's color is traditional and customary only. Some judges now wear dark blue or navy robes. Chief Justice Rhenquist wore black robes with gold stripes, a fashion he took up after playing the role of a...
caused more tension between slaved and non-slaved states . it then lead to the civil war
Two, the plaintiff and defendant. The plaintiff is the one that is suing or filed the charges while the defendant is the accused.
It means that as time goes on, American society will change. Ourmorals, values and ethical standards will change. Specifically, theWarren Court was known for handling issues about equal opportunity,civil rights and discrimination laws. The "evolving standards of decency" likely referred to the way...
No, since the Philippines are not apart of the U.S.. Not as a statenor territory a Filipino can't file a case in a U.S. court unlessthe case is against the U.S., a U.S. state, or a citizen of theU.S..
The Judiciary Act of 1789 was adopted September 24, 1789. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
I would bring the case to state court, because if you bring thecase to federal court it can't be heard again, but if you bring thecase to state court then, if you lose, the case be appealed andheard again, if they chose to hear it, in supreme court then itcan't be heard again if you lose again in...
Ruth Bader Ginsberg, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.
The Supreme Court of Georgia seats a total of seven justices - one Chief and six Associates - who are selected by voters in non-partisan elections. The term of office is six years. The current Chief Justice is Carol W. Hunstein, who was chosen by her peers on the panel.
The case was argued before the US Supreme Court on March 21, 1989, and decided on June 21, 1989. Case Citation: Texas v. Johnson, 491 US 397 (1989) For more information, see Related Questions, below.
Yes . Miranda v. Arizona, (1966) was primarily a Fifth Amendment case requiring police to inform anyone in their custody of their Fifth Amendment right to remain silent (under the self-incrimination clause), but also invoked the Sixth Amendment right to an attorney before being interrogated and...
Yes Sandra day Oconnor has done plenty of volunteer work. Hercurrent work at icivics is where she teaches people about thejudicial system.
There have been dozens of cases that specifically affected women'srights, from gender discrimination to reproductive rights tosuffrage cases back in the 1870's..
It's hard to say but if you had to write an answer on yourhomework, I would put Conservative. 5 out of the 9 areConservative. It's about even. Look up any law websites for theSupreme Court Justices. But ill be nice and give you them plus thepresident who appointed them. Ronald Reagan (1981-1989) -...
Dickey was a college senior who was in charge of the college's news paper, The Tropolotan . A politician made a controversial comment. Dickey wrote an editorial about his statement. The Dean and another school official, however, did not approve of the editorial, thinking it challenged the...
The missionaries were convicted on September 15, 1831 in Gwinnett County Superior Court, and the US Supreme Court issued a writ of error to the Court on October 27, 1831 . The exact date the appeal was filed is not listed, but would likely have been no more than a week or two prior to the order...
Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist lead the Court from 1986 until his death in 2005.
William H. Rehnquist was Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court for the entire decade of the 1990s. Rehnquist presided over the Court from 1986 until his death in 2005.
Depends, on the original channel 'Court TV', there were "real"court cases, such as the OJ trial. But shows like Judge Judy aremore dramatized, and the cases are more often than not civil andnot criminal.
Virginia NAACP Defense . Spottswood W. Robinson III was the leader of Virginia's NAACP defense in the Virginia case, Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County, which was one of five cases consolidated as Brown v. Board of Education, (1954). . A companion case, Bolling v. Sharpe , 347 U...
The answer depends on the petitioner's filing status with the US Supreme Court. A regular petitioner who files and is paying docketing fees is instructed to submit forty copies of his or her petition to the Court. Many petitioners are granted leave to file "in forma pauperis," a discretionary...
The US Supreme Court was established with the passage of the Judiciary Act of 1789, on September 24, 1789 . President Washington nominated the first six justices to the new Court the same day; they were confirmed by a voice vote in the Senate on September 30, 1789. The Court convened for the...
The two 1950s landmark civil rights cases people are most familiar with are Brown v. Board of Education, (1954), which declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional, and Browder v. Gayle, (1956), which declared segregation on buses unconstitutional, and ended the year-long Montgomery...
As of October 2010, there are six male justices and three females. Current Justices Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. Associate Justice Antonin Scalia Associate Justice Anthony M. Kennedy Associate Justice Clarence Thomas Associate Justice Stephen G. Breyer Associate Justice...
District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 US ___ (2008) There is no distinction, because the US Supreme Court decided in favor of Heller and struck down the District of Columbia gun control law as unconstitutional under the Second Amendment. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
Only four justices were present when the US Supreme Court officially convened its first Term on February 2, 1790. 1 . Chief Justice John Jay . Justice William Cushing . Justice John Blair . Justice James Wilson Robert Harrison, one of President Washington's original nominees, declined his...
Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. assumed office on September 29, 2005 . President George W. Bush appointed him to succeed William H. Rehnquist, who died of cancer on September 3, 2005.
Former Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor briefly dated late Chief Justice William Rehnquist when they attended Stanford Law School together in the early 1950s. Rehnquist graduated valedictorian; O'Connor finished third in the class.
Second Bank of the United States representative James WilliamMcCulloch did not pay tax imposed on banks. This dispute wasfurther influenced by a decision made by the Maryland GeneralAssembly that forced all financial institutions to pay a tax.
George Washington seated a total of ten individual US Supreme Court justices to eleven positions during his presidency; eight were associate justices and three were Chief Justices. The discrepancy in count is due to John Rutledge being named to two non-consecutive positions on the court: Rutledge...
Grant certiorari, or agree to review the case
None. The Senate must approve the nomination of a US Supreme Court justice by a simple majority vote (51% of those voting). If the nominee is filibustered, cloture (ending the filibuster) requires a three-fifths, or 60-member, vote. Under the old rules, two-thirds of those present had to vote in...
the sutdents were suspended for wearing armbands to protest the war the students sued the school district for the loss of free speech the students lost their case in several lower courts the students won their case in the us supreme court
Marshall believed the Judicial Branch should be co-equal to the other branches of government, and should be the final authority on constitutional interpretation. He knew Congress couldn't be counted on to evaluate the constitutionality of their own laws because of the built-in conflict-of-interest,...
The US Constitution is the framework of government. It gives the government powers and the people rights. If any legislation violates the rights of the people or exceeds the powers of government, it can be struck down by the Supreme Court under the doctrine of judicial review . For more...
In 1972, the United States Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal of Baker v. Nelson. In this case, Mr. Baker had challenged the clerk of the Hennepin County Minnesota district court (Mr. Nelson) for denying his request to marry another man.
No, the Supreme Court has no part of the law making process. If someone challenges the validity of a law, it may end up in the Supreme Court.
Sonia Sotomayor was born in New York and is a US citizen by birth. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
An affidavit is voluntarily made without any cross-examination of the affiant and is not the same as a deposition, it is a record of an examination of a witness or a party made either voluntarily or pursuant to a subpoena, as if the party were testifying in court under cross-examination.
It was created in 1845 when Florida was admitted to the Union.
It protected the use of the draft, introduced the phrase Shouting Fire in a Crowded Theatre, as well as the term Clear and Present Danger. Schenck did six months in jail as a result of this 9 - 0 decision.
A US president cannot hold two government positions at the sametime, nor can any other federal government official. Only oneformer US President has gone on to serve on the Supreme Court:William Howard Taft was Chief Justice from 1921-1930.
One. At the moment, Clarence Thomas, who was nominated by George H. W. Bush in 1991, is the only African-American on the Court. He replaced Thurgood Marshall (1967-1991), the first African-American to serve as Supreme Court Justice, upon Marshall's retirement. There have only been two African...
the answer is still unknown and guess what even i need help with this so instead of asking this question on the web, why dont you go and look up the information you need. and dont say that you could find it you need to be really precise in what you are exactly looking for.
No. President Jackson ignored John Marshall's personal opinion about the federal government owing protection to the Cherokee, but that wasn't part of the official ruling in Worcester because the United States was not a party to the case. Courts only have authority to issue legally binding...
Ha! Trick question. The homework answer is 5/9ths. The reality is, the Supreme Court requires a simple majority for a decision. If all nine justices hear a case, the fraction would be 5/9ths. But if only eight justices hear a case, as has happened many times in US history, the fraction would be 5...
President George Washington appointed the 10th US Supreme Court justice, Oliver Ellsworth , to succeed John Rutledge as Chief Justice in 1796. Rutledge had been made Chief Justice as a "recess appointment" in July 1795, while Congress was on break, and his confirmation was not considered until...
Yes. This only applies to Article III (constitutional) federal judges and justices of the following courts: . US District Courts . US Court of International Trade . US Court of Appeals Circuit Courts . Supreme Court of the United States
Lawrence v. Texas, 539 US 558 (2003) Lawrence and his partner, Garner, were convicted under a Texas anti-sodomy law that was primarily enforced against homosexuals. Tex. Penal Code Ann. §21.06(a) (2003) It provides: "A person commits an offense if he engages in deviate sexual...
Justice Sonia Sotomayor , who joined the Court in August 2009
The first US President who didn't nominate a US Supreme Court justice was William Henry Harrison , who only lived one month beyond his inauguration (March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841).
Madison remained Secretary of State under Thomas Jefferson until 1809, when he became the fourth President of the United States. Madison served as President until 1817. After leaving office, Madison retired to his Virginia plantation, Montpelier, where he declined in physical and mental health,...
Chief Justice William Howard Taft (U.S. President 1909-1913) convinced Congress to allocate funds for the U.S. Supreme Court's permanent home in 1929. Construction began in 1932 and concluded in 1935, in the Court's 146th year of existence. Architect Cass Gilbert, a friend of Taft's, was charged...
No, he didn't. United States v. Nixon, (1974) was argued on July 8, 1974, and decided sixteen days later, on July 24, 1974. Nixon resigned to avoid impeachment on August 9, 1974, several weeks after the Supreme Court issued its decision. Impeachment is carried out by the House of Representatives,...
Regan appointe the first female into the court-- O'Connor
Justice Stephen Breyer was born August 14, 1938, in San Francisco, California . For more information, see Related Questions, below.
US Supreme Court cases are argued in open court in the courtroom of the Supreme Court Building in Washington, DC . The Court hears most cases under its appellate jurisdiction, so there is no trial.
In the pivotal case of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racially separate facilities, if equal, did not violate the Constitution. Segregation, the Court said, was not discrimination.
Fourth Chief Justice John Marshall declared Section 13 (not the entire Act) of the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional in the opinion of the US Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison, 5 US 137 (1803). For more information, see Related Questions, below.
Chief Justice John Marshall was only 45 years old when President Adams appointed him to the US Supreme Court in 1801. Marshall served on the Court until his death in 1835, making him not only the youngest, but the longest-serving Chief Justice in US history.
No, the responsibilities are what they have to do on behalf of their country. The duties are what concerns their job. Thin line i know, but very important.
The Supreme Court of the United States had jurisdiction in Gibbonsv. Ogden because it made its way up the appeal process to thatlevel. The case is significant because the Court decided that thefederal government had power to regulate interstate commerce.
The 10th Justice refers to the US Solicitor General (in 2010, Elena Kagan), the office of which represents the United States' interests before the Supreme Court. The Solicitor General is part of the Department of Justice, under the US Attorney General (in 2010, Eric Holder). For more information...
If more justices agree with a concurring opinion than with the opinion of the Court, the decision is called a plurality .
Jackson didn't really make that statement, but wrote something similar in a letter to a friend. He meant Chief Justice Marshall's opinion didn't matter because the Supreme Court has no authority to enforce its decisions, and Jackson had no intention of intervening. More Information According...
As a Federalist, Marshall exerted great influence over the other members of the Court to support federal supremacy over state sovereignty. The Supreme Court's decisions in the named cases prevented the states from subordinating the federal government to state laws. Some of these cases rested on...
The Miranda decision of the Supreme Court was concerned with policeinformed the accused of their rights when they are arrested. Theyare called Miranda Rights.
Brown v. Board of Education, (1954), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court that declared state laws that established racially segregated schools, denying African-American children equal educational opportunities, unconstitutional. While the decision initially dealt with...
Marbury v. Madison involved a political battle between the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republic Party (formerly called the Anti-Federalists) for control of the Judicial branch of government. John Marshall defused the political tension by giving the new Jefferson administration a...
Wesberry v. Sanders, 376 US 1 (1964) Wesberry v. Sanders, 376 US 1 (1964) required that Districts of the US House of Representatives be composed of approximately equal populations in order to ensure fair representation of US citizens.
The US Supreme Court releases opinions on Tuesday and Wednesday mornings, and on the third Monday of each sitting. The public is usually alerted a few days prior to an opinion being released, but the specific case name and docket number are kept secret until the formal announcement. This practice...
Brown v. Board of Education, (1954) didn't directly challenge the same law Plessy v. Ferguson, (1896) addressed (the Louisiana Separate Car Act of 1890, or Act 111), but the "separate but equal" precedent established as a result of the Supreme Court's decision upholding that law. Brown ...