How was the effect of imperialism on China different from its effect on the US?

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The fundamental difference between the US and China as concerns imperialism in general is that the US was on the "giving end" and China was on the "receiving end".

For many Americans, Imperialism was simply a further expansion of American power and idealism to new shores and new countries. It was positively viewed and generally embraced. It was correlated with economic growth, cultural development, and the final recognition by European Powers that the United States was on par with them as a world heavyweight.

For many Chinese, Imperialism was an incredible disappointment and humiliation. Historically, China, especially the Qing Empire (the government of China during the late 1800s) had been the most powerful country in the region, with most of its neighbors being vassal states with different degrees of loyalty. The Imperialist powers completely reversed this relationship, making China a subservient and broken state, covered by European and Japanese Spheres of Influence. Many Chinese fled the collapsing Qing Empire to find jobs and work in the United States and other countries. Many more were victims of the Opium Wars which reduced entire cities of people to opium addict. To add insult to injury, the Japanese, a former Qing vassal state began to conquer Chinese territories like Taiwan/Formosa and Manchuria, and overrun Chinese vassal states like Korea. China today is still profoundly affected by what they call "the Century of Humiliation", when the Imperial Powers carved up China and overran its territories.
Both countries were colonized, but the United States went on to become a major imperial power,and China was not.
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