What are the four greek words for love and their meanings?
- Eros (ἔρως érōs) is passionate love, with sensual desire and longing. The Modern Greek word "erotas" means "(romantic) love". However, eros does not have to be sexual in nature. Eros can be interpreted as a love for someone whom you love more than the philia love of friendship. It can also apply to dating relationships as well as marriage. Plato refined his own definition. Although eros is initially felt for a person, with contemplation it becomes an appreciation of the beauty within that person, or even becomes appreciation of beauty itself. It should be noted Plato does not talk of physical attraction as a necessary part of love, hence the use of the word platonic to mean, "without physical attraction". Plato also said eros helps the soul recall knowledge of beauty, and contributes to an understanding of spiritual truth. Lovers and philosophers are all inspired to seek truth by eros. The most famous ancient work on the subject of eros is Plato's Symposium, which is a discussion among the students of Socrates on the nature of eros.
- Philia (φιλία philía), which means friendship in modern Greek, a dispassionate virtuous love, was a concept developed by Aristotle. It includes loyalty to friends, family, and community, and requires virtue, equality and familiarity. In ancient texts, philia denoted a general type of love, used for love between family, between friends, a desire or enjoyment of an activity, as well as between lovers. This is the only other word for "love" used in the ancient text of the New Testament besides agape, but even then it is used substantially less frequently.
- Agapē (ἀγάπη agápē) means "love" in modern day Greek, such as in the term s'agapo (Σ'αγαπώ), which means"I love you". In Ancient Greek it often refers to a general affection rather than the attraction suggested by "eros"; agape is used in ancient texts to denote feelings for a good meal, one's children, and the feelings for a spouse. It can be described as the feeling of being content or holding one in high regard. The verb appears in the New Testament describing, amongst other things, the relationship between Jesus and the beloved disciple. In biblical literature, its meaning and usage is illustrated by self-sacrificing, giving love to all--both friend and enemy. It is used in Matthew 22:39, "Love your neighbour as yourself," and in John 15:12, "This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you," and in 1 John 4:8, "God is love." However, the word "agape" is not always used in the New Testament in a positive sense. II Timothy 4:10 uses the word in a negative sense. The Apostle Paul writes,"For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved (agapo) this present world...." Thus the word "agape" is not always used of a divine love or the love of God. Christian commentators have expanded the original Greek definition to encompass a total commitment or self-sacrificial love for the thing loved. Because of its frequency of use in the New Testament, Christian writers have developed a significant amount of theology based solely on the interpretation of this word.
- Storge (στοργή storgē) means "affection" in modern Greek; it is natural affection, like that felt by parents for offspring. Rarely used in ancient works, and then almost exclusively as a descriptor of relationships within the family.
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To the Greeks, love was bound to intentionality and a priori in their purpose was finding the good to do in life, and doing it. The idea of "excellence" to the Greek, was more… than philosophical, it was fundamentally structured within the ethos of their society. Love, in the Greek mind was not purely the expression of the senses or emotion. Those were seen for what they in fact truly are in nature, a perception of well being that comes from well doing! The Greeks perceived that "love" is more about, what I do than what I feel. Moreover, what I feel is an outcome of what I do. It's not difficult then to understand why the Greek word for love is multifaceted.. To a Greek, the word could be used to relate 3 fundamental ideas of their intentionality : (Ã©rÅs ) A love that relates the idea of physicality, passion and sexuality. (philÃa) A love that relates the idea of the familial (agÃ¡pÄ ) A love that is deeply devotional, loyal, and seeks nothing of itself It is the highest expression of love for a Greek, a love that is unrelenting it cannot-will not fail even at the expense of his own life. The Greeks lived purposefully, and gave themselves to excellence in whatsoever they put their hands to... It formed their intentionality and governed their every step in live.
There are actually many words for 'love' in Biblical Greek. Philia - means 'friendship' - the love between two friends. The love between two members of the family and so on.…. Eros - Sexual love - between man and woman. It can also mean a deeper love (not necessarily sexual) between two people. Agape - A self-sacrificing deep concern and compassion for another person - whether friend or enemy. This was the Greek word that the New Testament uses when Jesus says 'Love one another as I have loved you'.... 'Love your enemies' ... 'Love your neighbour as yourself'.. Storge - an affection - like the love between mother and child. Rarely used in Biblical texts ( philia used instead). Thelema - a desire - eg to do a particular thing. Again rarely used in Biblical texts.
Amor means love in Spanish
tesera; or the prefix tetra-
The ancient Greeks determined that there were four kinds of love using the word to indicate romantic or sexual love?
They used it for both as you can see it the book :greek Myths" they talk about the true meaning in the authors notes.
Agape,eros ÎÎÎÎ Î,Î±Î³Î±ÏÎ· ÎÎ¡Î©Î£,ÎµÏÏÏ
yes...it doesnt translate exactly but techenically it does mean i love you i hope this helped you =]
Storge (ÏÏÎ¿ÏÎ³Î® storgÄ ) means "affection" in ancient and modern Greek.
Besides agape, eros, philos, and phila what other greek words or combining forms convey the meaning of the English word love? I've read somewhere that there are at least seven… greek words that convey the various "shades" of the word l-o-v-e.
Agape phila philos eros
Agape (Î±Î³Î¬ÏÎ·) means sacrificial love. . Eros (ÎÏÏÏ) means passionate love or sexual desire. . Philia (ÏÎ¹Î»Î¯Î±) means friendship… or brotherly love. . Storge (ÏÏÎ¿ÏÎ³Î®) means "affection", like that felt by parents for their children.
In English to Greek
In English to Greek
phil or phile
In Latin to English
In Greek, love is Î±Î³Î¬ÏÎ· or ÎµÏÏÏ (agapi/agape or eros). I cant see any connection.
In Greek to English
Google translate will truly help you! =D
In English to Greek
ÎÏÏÏ / ÎÏÏÏÎ±Ï [ e ros/ e rotas] (between lovers) Î±Î³Î¬ÏÎ· [a gh a pee] (more general, like between family members / friends / …lovers) ÏÎ¹Î»Î¯Î± [phil i a] (in Ancient Greek with the meaning of attraction/interest/proximation/intimacy/friendship, in Modern Greek stands only for friendship, although as a compound form phil- has the ancient meaning, see phil osophy/necro philia / phil anthropy)